Our Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was a great man not only of India but of the whole world, who is considered to be the great icon of today's era. Non-violence is a policy in which no one is ever known or inadvertently hurt. One example of Gandhiji in the world is his Satyagraha, in front of which the British had to bow down.
Birth of Mahatma Gandhi: Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Kathiawar district of Gujarat state. Gandhiji's full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi's father's name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother's name was Putlibai Gandhi.
Gandhiji was from a purely Indian Hindu family for whom only virtue was valuable. Gandhiji's father was a Diwan of Rajkot, so Gandhiji received his education from England to pursue his family's advocacy tradition.
Mahatma Gandhi's education: Gandhi was born in Porbandar, due to which his early education was also done in Porbandar. Gandhiji passed his matriculation examination from his local school. Gandhiji passed the matriculation examination of Bombay University in 1887, after which he enrolled in Samaldas College, Bhavnagar.
Gandhiji had some trouble with the sudden passing of English language. Gandhiji's dream was to become a doctor but his family was not allowed to rip, so he went to England and studied law.
Marriage of Mahatma Gandhi: When Gandhiji was taking his school education, he was only 13 years old. At the age of 13, Gandhiji was married to Kasturba Devi, the daughter of a merchant from Porbandar. When Gandhiji was studying law, he had become the father of a son.
Champaran and Kheda Movement: In 1917, the farmers of Champaran were being tortured a lot by the British. The British used to force him to cultivate indigo and buy that indigo at a fixed price, to protest against which Gandhiji started a movement in which the British had to accept their demands.
This movement of Gandhiji is known as Champaran Movement by the people, along with Kheda village in Gujarat in 1918, suffered a severe flood due to which a severe famine situation occurred in that area but Even after this, the British did not want any exemption in tax. To oppose this, Gandhiji started the Non-Cooperation Movement, due to which the British exempted taxes.
Non-cooperation movement: When the British adopted a brutal policy and committed the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Gandhi ji started the non-cooperation movement to answer it. The Non-Cooperation Movement was a non-violent movement launched against the British rule because Gandhiji believed that the British were able to establish their rule in India because they had full support of Indians.
People started resigning from the posts of the English government, obeying Gandhiji, along with this, people stopped buying English textiles and items and started adopting indigenous goods. Non-cooperation movement did not use any kind of violence, but it shook the British.
Salt Satyagraha: Mahatma Gandhi ji undertook the Dandi Yatra, also known as Salt Satyagraha, in which Gandhiji opposed the laws on salt and prepared salt with his own hands. Gandhiji started the Dandi March to protest against the British monopoly on salt, which was completed in 24 days.
In 24 days, Gandhiji had reached the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat from Sabarmati Ashram, due to which the salt law was disregarded and people started making and selling salt themselves. Salt Satyagraha attracted the attention of the whole world and strengthened the dream of independent India.
Achieving Independence: When Tilak ji died in 1920, after that, the entire burden of freedom movement came on Gandhi ji. Gandhiji was running the movement completely by following the policies of non-violence. At this time Gandhiji started the non-cooperation movement in which thousands of lawyers, teachers, students, businessmen, etc. were involved.
This movement of Gandhiji was non-violent. Later in 1929, a Congress session was held on the banks of river Ravi in which Gandhiji declared complete independence. After this, Gandhiji opposed the salt law, in which Gandhiji traveled for 24 days after which he reached Dandi and made salt with his own hands. Gandhiji also had to go to jail due to this journey and making salt. Finally, on 15 August 1947, India attained independence due to Gandhiji and many other Indians.
Epilogue: Mahatma Gandhi said that weapons and violence cannot solve any problem. This increases the space to reduce any problems. Violence increases hatred, fear and anger in any person.
Along with the freedom struggle, there were many such incidents in modern India which can explain to us the importance of non-violence very well how we can bring a lot of changes in society without shedding blood. It will also come at a time when people will be able to solve all the problems without any loss.
© 2021 jitendra saraf