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Mahalwari System in India

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Mahalwari system was introduced in 1833 during the period of Lord Hastings. It was introduced in Central Province, North-West Frontier, Agra, Punjab, Gangetic Valley, etc of British India. The places where the Mahalwari system was introduced approximately cover 29% of their holdings. The feature of the Mahalwari system was that it has got many provisions of both the Zamindari System and the Ryotwari System.

Provisions of Mahalwari System

  1. In this system, the land was divided into estates. The estates were called as Mahal. Each Mahal comprises a village. If villages are too small, then two or three villages were merged and converted into a Mahal.
  2. The assessment was done for the entire Mahal and a fixed revenue was collected.
  3. The villages committee was held responsible for collection of the taxes.
  4. Ownership rights were vested with the peasants.

Moneylenders involvement was a de-merit. They were ruthless towards the peasants. The British use to collect high revenues.

Also See:

  • Zamindari System
    Zamindari System was introduced by Cornwallis in 1793 through Permanent Settlement Act. It was introduced in provinces of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Varanasi.
  • Ryotwari System
    Ryotwari System was introduced by Thomas Munro in 1820 in Madras, Bombay, parts of Assam and Coorgh provinces of British India.

Comments

Taiyab Alam on April 30, 2019:

mahalwari system was introduced under the leadership of William Bentick

Lucky on December 03, 2018:

Scroll to Continue

It is at the time of William bentick

john on January 13, 2017:

the info is wrong, it was not in the time of warrent hastings, but in the time of william Bentick

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