Mahalwari system was introduced in 1833 during the period of Lord Hastings. It was introduced in Central Province, North-West Frontier, Agra, Punjab, Gangetic Valley, etc of British India. The places where the Mahalwari system was introduced approximately cover 29% of their holdings. The feature of the Mahalwari system was that it has got many provisions of both the Zamindari System and the Ryotwari System.
Provisions of Mahalwari System
- In this system, the land was divided into estates. The estates were called as Mahal. Each Mahal comprises a village. If villages are too small, then two or three villages were merged and converted into a Mahal.
- The assessment was done for the entire Mahal and a fixed revenue was collected.
- The villages committee was held responsible for collection of the taxes.
- Ownership rights were vested with the peasants.
Moneylenders involvement was a de-merit. They were ruthless towards the peasants. The British use to collect high revenues.
- Zamindari System
Zamindari System was introduced by Cornwallis in 1793 through Permanent Settlement Act. It was introduced in provinces of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Varanasi.
- Ryotwari System
Ryotwari System was introduced by Thomas Munro in 1820 in Madras, Bombay, parts of Assam and Coorgh provinces of British India.
Taiyab Alam on April 30, 2019:
mahalwari system was introduced under the leadership of William Bentick
Lucky on December 03, 2018:
It is at the time of William bentick
john on January 13, 2017:
the info is wrong, it was not in the time of warrent hastings, but in the time of william Bentick