Amy likes to visit and talk about adventurous and beautiful places and countries. She loves to travel and explore new places.
If we look into the history we can see many golorious ancient marvels and cities of ancient civilizations, which make us to think twice, how really they did this?! Without even the help of modern day machinery and tools how really they did it with precise accuracy and perfection!? The left overs and ruins of their achievements and buildings remind us of their power n glory, one of which is the lost city of Inca, Machu picchu.
The stone city of Machu Picchu is one of the most fascinating archiological sites on planet.
Located in the North West of Cusco, Peru, Machu Picchu is the testiment of power and refinement of Inca people. It is 7,972 feet above sea level and located within golorious mountains and mesmerizing beauty of nature.
The Inca Empire
Machu Picchu was built by the order of the Emperor Pachacuti, one of the most important ruler of Inca.
During its prime Inca civilization stretched about 2500 miles (4023 kilometers) along south American pecific coast line, from modern day Ecuador to Chile.
This distance is nearly the horizontal width of the Continental United States.
Built around the mid 15th century Machu Picchu is the stunning example of Inca's advanced engenieering skills.
Inca's Unique Ingenuity
- The Inca People constructed Machu Picchu's terraces, temples and infrastructures with stones, even without the help of wheel or tools made of steel or iron.
- One particulerly noticeable aspect of their construction is the use of mortar, a material often used to bind stones together, as in modern days.
- Machu Picchu often experienced earthquakes, but because of stones exceptional cut and fit, they bounced during tremors and then easily set back to their original position. This engineering marvel has preserved Machu Picchu's remarkable position for over 500 years.
- The site's geographic layout was found significant, many of the man made as well as natural structures appear to align with astronomical events.
- In agricultral chapter, they made terraces for plantation at different levels, each terrace level temperature was found different than the other. This shows that they had a surprisingly advance knowlege of agriculture.
Interesting Facts About Machu Picchu
- Macho Picchu words literal meanings are 'Old Mountains'.
- Machu Picchu is 100% man made without the help of tools.
- The city remained hidden for hundreds of years to outside world. It was not until the early 20th century when a local farmer introduced Machu Picchu to outsiders, when he led Yale University Professor, Hiram Bingham to the site.
- Machu picchu purpose is still a mystery to many archiologist, some theorize it may served for ceremonial purposes, a military stronghold or a retreat for nobility.
- City was devided into an agricultural and urban part.
- In the urban ruins, there were traces of various places such as, houses, cemeteries, sanctuaries and also a sun dial called Intihuatana, found at the highest point of the city.
- Following the movement of the sun the 'sun dial' or intihuatana projected the shadow on different points on the artifact. In general this calender was associated with astronomical observations, such as the seasons, passage of time and weather conditions. Inca people had a remarkable astronomical knowledge.
- Another sacred circular shaped temple was found, which was dedicated to Sun God called 'the sun temple', where ceremonies, secrifices and offerings were to place.
- They praised and worshiped different elements of nature. Along with sun temple, they also had a moon temple, temple of three windows and a main temple.
- Inca had their provincial governers, granaries, high altitude agriculture and an economic system called Mit'a.
- The citizens provided labour , goods and military services in exchange of food and protection.
- Early in 16th century only after 100 years of its built the Machu Picchu was abandoned, and no written language or record was found to explain why it was built and then abandoned.
- Hiram Bingham became so famous after introducing Machu Picchu to the world, that the train which transport tourists to the site was named after Hiram Bingham. He served as the governor of Connecticut and then a member of United States Senate.
- Hiram Bingham explored the site and took with him many artifacts found from the site, to United States. Artifacts were put to display in Yale University for many years, but then they were returned back to Peru after signing an accord.
- In 1983 Macho Picchu was designated as World heritage site by UNESCO. Today millions of tourist visit this site to see the glory of Inca People.
- In 2007 the Machu Picchu was dubbed as one of the Modern wonder of world due to its impressive built and ability to stand intact for hundreds of years.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2020 Amy Hassan