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Life of Jose Rizal in Belgium

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Summary of Rizal in Belgian Brussels (1890)

January 28, 1890 – Rizal left Paris for Brussels

Brussels– capital of Belgium.

Two reasons why Rizal leave Paris:

  1. The cost of living in Paris was very high because of the Universal Exposition.
  2. The gay social life of the city hampered his literary works, especially the writing of his second novel El Filibusterismo.

Life in Brussels

Jose Albert – accompanied Rizal to move to Brussels.

Jose Alejandro – an engineering student who replaced Jose Albert.

  • Rizal was busy writing his second novel.
  • He wrote articles for La Solidaridad and letters for his family and friends.
  • He spent part of his time in medical clinic.
  • He had gymnastics at the gymnasium and target practice and fencing at the armory.

Articles Published in La Solidaridad

  1. “A La Defensa” (To La Defensa), April 30, 1889.
  2. “La verdad Para Todos” ( The Truth For All), May 31, 1889.
  3. “Vicente Barrantes’ Teatro Tagalo,” June 15, 18889
  4. “Una Profanacion” (A Profanation), July 31, 1889
  5. “Verdades Nuevas” (New Truths), July 31, 1889
  6. “Crueldad” (Cruelty), August 15, 1889
  7. “Differencias” (Differences), September 15, 1889
  8. “Inconsequencias” (Inconsequences), November 30, 1889
  9. “Llanto y Risas” (Tears and Laughters), November 30, 1889
  10. “Ingratitudes” (Ingratitude), January 15, 1890

New Orthography of Tagalong Language

Rizal was the first to advocate the Filipinization of its orthography. For instance, the Tagalog letters k and w should be used instead of the Spanish c and o.

salacot – salakot

arao – araw

Early in September, 1886 – while in Leipzig, Rizal adopted the Filipinized Tagalog orthography in his Tagalog translations of Schiller’s Wilhelm Tell and Andersen’s Fairy Tales and again he used it in his first novel Noli Me Tangere (Berlin, 1887

“Sobre la Nueva Ortografia de la Lengua Tagala” (The new Orthography of the Tagalog Language) – article of Rizal and was published in La Solidaridad.

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Dr. Trnidad H. Pardo de Tavera – author of the celebrated work El Sancristo en la Lengua Tagala (Sankrist in the Tagalog Language) which was published in Paris, 1884.

Rizal Criticizes Madrid Filipinos for Gambling

Rizal received news from Juan Luna and Valentin Ventura that the Filipinos in Spain were destroying the good name of their nation by gambling too much. Accordingly Rizal wrote to M. H. Del Pilar on May 28, 1890 to remind the Filipinos in Madrid that they did not come to Europe to gamble, but to work for their fatherland’s freedom.

The gambling people in Madrid were angry when they learned of Rizal’s moralizing. They derisively called him “Papa” (Pope) instead of “Pepe”.

Bad News from Home

  • The Calamba agrarian trouble was getting worst.
  • The management of the Dominican hacienda continually raised the land rents.
  • The Dominican order filled a suit in court to dispossess the Rizal Family of their lands in Calamba.
  • The tenants were persecuted.
  • Paciano, Antonio Lopez and Silvestre Ubaldo were deported to Mindoro.
  • Manuel T. Hidalgo – was banished to Bohol for the second time.

Preparation to Go Home

Rizal planned to go home. He could not stay in Brussels writing a book while his parents, relatives and friends in the distant Philippines were persecuted.

July 9, 1890 – upon hearing that Graciano Lopez Jaena was planning to go to Cuba, Rizal wrote to Ponce to oppose the plan of action of Graciano.

July 18, 1890 – he wrote another letter to Ponce in which he expresses his determination to go home.

All his friends, including Blumentritt, Jose Ma. Basa, and Ponce, were horrified by Rizal’s to return to the Philippines. They warned him of the danger that awaited him at home.

Decision to go to Madrid

Something happened that made Rizal to change his plan in returning to the Philippines when he received a letter from Paciano which related that they lost the case against the Dominicans in Manila but they appealed it to the Supreme Court in Spain.

June 20, 1890 – Rizal wrote to M. H. Del Pilar retaining the latter’s service as a lawyer and informed Del Pilar that he was going to Madrid, in order to supervise the handling of the case.

July 29, 1890 – he wrote a letter to Ponce announcing that he was leaving Brussels at the beginning of the following month and would arrive Madrid about the 3rd and 4th of August.

To My Muse “A Mi…” – he wrote this poem which was against the a background of mental anguish in Brussels, during those sad days when he was worried by family disasters.

Romance with Petite Jacoby

Two things brought some measure of cheer to the despondent Rizal as he was preparing for his trip to Madrid:

  1. The summertime festival of Belgium, which was celebrated in carnival style.
  2. His romance with Petite Jacoby, the pretty niece of his landladies.
  • Rizal was so charming and dignified a gentleman the Petite Susanne was attracted to him.
  • He was lonely in a strange country and Leonor Rivera was so far away.
  • Like other women – Segunda Katigbak, Orang Valenzuela, Leonor Rivera, O-Sei-San, Gettie Beckett, Consuelo Ortiga y Perez and Nellie Boustead – Susanne fell in love with Rizal


Yang on July 20, 2014:

is this chapter 16?

SARALEE HATAB on February 21, 2014:


detailed info plz... on August 05, 2013:

detailed info plz...

jhon'sCam on March 04, 2013:

Jose Rizal is good example of a student, specially to our working student. Because even of many trial in life he will never quiet.

Jing on January 30, 2013:

hi thank you for this article; its really good and it helps me a lot..I got more Idea in here and I reported my topic well.

WAFAKZ on January 14, 2013:


Boboy & Negro on October 01, 2012:

Your poem was so nice as well as your articles.

I like it!!

plz kindly nclude also d whole dscription of evry artcle of rizal.

I.R.J. on September 16, 2012:

..may report ako tungkol sa life ni Dr.Jose Rizal sa belgium pero hindi kompleto ang details.

michelee ann on March 13, 2012:

dapat kumpleto at may pictures..

al on February 02, 2012:

please include alink for the articles made by rizal

-Izumi on January 13, 2012:

....kulang pa po ilang detalye.

znah on January 09, 2012:

wala ba tong reflection? pede pa post ng reflection please ...

Hans de Groot (NL) Bando on December 18, 2011:

After study many years Joser Rizal in combination with Asia and Europ, I find some new matters on this place. Thank you

joey on November 23, 2011:

KULANG PO............

elline mae francisco on November 20, 2011:

yun, maraming salamat po... :)

sana sa susunod yung 17 countries na pinuntahan ni rizal, haha. joke lang po... Great Job! :)

God bless... ^^

john lester banga on May 11, 2011:

can I trust this website because our teacher told me not to trust websites on computer because there's a time that i ask him as we check our examination paper that the very reason behind of Rizal's living in Paris was the cost was very high and his answer was because he can't afford to publish his novel Noli, which makes me chaotic. please help me to clarify this confusions of mine . thank you

gina on April 25, 2011:

hai nku nakakainis.!!!may report ako tungkol sa life of Dr. Jose Rizal inb Belgium,pero walang lubas.!!!

marycres on January 10, 2011:

may power point vah about sa topic na ito?pwde malaman kung saan at paano makikita?

john obejero on August 25, 2010:

its sooooo vverry nice... hehehehehhee


Ricky Tamparong on July 06, 2010:

Jose Rizal is a true Filipino Hero because he make his mission with no fear.He did not think that he do the mission he will die so he continue his mission for the justice of the every filipino againts the spanards and now filipinos are very happy for his good doings and he is my favorate hero because he have no fear even he will die.....

ailyn on July 03, 2010:

thank you so much for this article.

Joseph Cañete on May 14, 2010:

I really like the works and writings of Dr. Jose Rizal, Because for me he was a hero.... and I would never forget his good deeds in order to correct the evil done by the Spaniards..... He gave his life in order to be protect his native land which is the Philippines..... and I am still hoping that there is still a Filipino who will follow his good deeds.

fb_ratuniL on February 18, 2010:

ahhmmmm. . .

kulang ung mga info. . . .

'di kumpleto. . .

add more stuffss HUB. .


more powers HUB

joebhoy from Manila on October 08, 2009:

nice hub jemz.. keep on posting.

ii_:) on September 17, 2009:

good thing you posted this online! i had to do a report all about this.. now i am hassle-free! YEY to you! now all i have to do is expound more on some details!

cute_5260 on September 12, 2009:

i need the "letter of Dr. Jose Rizal" in the month of May

Ron Mariano on August 26, 2009:

Great highlights. Great hub. Keep it up!

lopiugddffdf on August 23, 2009:


Ricky M. Tamparong on August 17, 2009:

I conclude that jose rizal can left to brussel so that he can finish his study.

jjjj on August 12, 2009:

wala ba yung isang boung kwen2 ni rizal

Gener Geminiano from Land of Salt, Philippines on August 07, 2009:

nice hubs here keep it coming...

okay on July 23, 2009:


okay on July 23, 2009:


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