A Biomedical science student, certificated in english, spanish, french and japanese language, who also writes diverse topic articles.
• Last Homework Revison
• Use of particles in Japanese
• Particle はです
• Particle か
• Particle の
Last Homework Revison:
In the last article I left a homework for those who'd like to practice. It was about writting simple words. Here's the answers to that homework.
Konnichiwa (Hello) - こんにちは
Konbanwa (Good Afternoon/Night) - こんばんは
Oyasumi (Have a rest/ Good Night) - おやすみ
Arigatou (Thank You) - ありがとう
Chocoreto (Chocolate) - チョコレート
Bestofriendo (Best Friend) - ベストフレンド
If you want me to check your name written in katakana, you can comment it on this article.
Use of particles in Japanese:
In the Japanese language there are particles, which connect verbs, nouns, adverbs or adjectives within a sentence; each of these particles has its own function within a sentence.
For example, the particles は, か, の, each with its own function, some of them have their own meaning within a text, but some others don't have such a meaning and just cover one or more functions.
As I just said, in Japanese, there are particles that have their own function and meaning. The first one we will learn today is AはBです, where A is the subject and B is an adjective/verb/noun.
は, normaly has the sound Ha, but when is used as a particle and not as part of a word, it has a "wa" sound. This particle always comes after the subject and has no meaning itself, but in most of basic phrases you can find it with です wich is basicaly the verb to be.
たなかさんはにほんじんです. (Tanaka san wa nihon jin desu) - Tanaka san is Japanese.
わたしはみくです. (Watashi wa miku desu) - I am miku.
です has no conjugation based on the personal pronouns, this happens with every verb on japanese, it does not change when forming a sentence with I, You, He/She/It, They, We.
When writing in Japanese, the use of question marks is very rare, in fact its use is limited to text messages between friends or people in your close circles.
So how do you ask questions in Japanese when speaking in a formal situation? Easy, for that there is the particle か, whose basic function is to turn any phrase into a question.
- たなかさんはにほんじんですか. (Tanaka san wa nihon jin desuka) - In Tanaka San Japanese?
- みくさんはがくせいですか. (Miku san wa gakusei desuka) - Is Miku a student?
In English, highlighting property is done using words like "mine, yours, theirs ..." to identify when something belongs to someone, however, we also use "of" when an object belongs to a group. Both of this functions are used in japanese wit the particle の.
- たけしさんのさいふです. (Takeshi san no saifu desu) - Is Takeshi's wallet.
- たなかさんのくるまですか. (Tanaka san no kuruma desuka) - Is Tanaka's car.
Japanese vocabulary helpfull book:
Let's practice the things we viewed in this lesson. As homework, Translate the following sentences into Japanese trying not to look at your notes or hiragana and katakana charts, indeed, you can use a dictionary or translator. Don't worry if it is not perfect now, everything needs practice.
- Kim is my friend.
- Is my car.
- Is Mary here?
- Make your own, using all of the particles viewd.
As always, I'll upload the correct answers in next Lesson.
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© 2021 Daniela Alejandra Rodríguez Cerda