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Learn English - Parts of Sentences

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I am Lakshmi. I've completed my graduation in the stream of ECE. I love reading and like to listen more than I speak up.


The contribution of the English language in today's world is inevitable. It is the most widely used language in the world. Nearly 400 million people are learning this as a second language, and it spreads all over the world as the medium of communication for science, trade, business, Media, and entertainment. Many countries are continued to use this as an official language even after the decolonization of British rule. Here in this article, we are going to learn the parts of sentences in detail.

To speak a language without hesitation, we must try to convert our thoughts into a sentence. To construct a sentence, we must know how to arrange the parts of a sentence. The two main elements which help to frame a complete sentence in English are

  • Subject
  • Predicate

A complete sentence must have both a subject and a predicate unit in it.

The subject is the main part of the sentence used to convey,

What the sentence is about


Who performs the action


Generally, the subject is a noun/noun phrase/pronoun. A noun refers to the name of a person, place, thing, or idea. A phrase is a group of words that brings out a meaning but cannot stand alone as an independent sentence. When a noun heads it then it is a noun phrase.

There are three kinds of subjects,

  • Simple subject
  • Complete subject
  • compound subject.

Let us explore the difference with the help of some examples,

1.Piya is a teacher

(Piya is a subject that refers to the name of a person in the sentence.)

Generally, a simple subject always comes as a single word.

2.The red car belongs to my uncle.

(Here,' car' is a simple subject, 'the Red' is an adjective and 'car' is a noun. In the above sentence,an adjective act as modifier that gives a piece of additional information about what the car looks like).

A complete subject includes a modifier along with a noun to describe the subject.

3.The house and the vehicle are for sale.

(Here, the subject holds two nouns "the house" and " the vehicle", and they are bound with the help of the conjunction word 'and' to make it a single subject. )

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A compound subject always carries more than one noun or noun phrase, and a comma or conjunction merges them.

4.I was on leave.

(Here, the pronoun 'I' replaces a noun in the subject.)

Generally, pronouns take the place of a noun in the sentence, The subject pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who, and whoever.

The predicate used to express,

What the subject is doing


The state or condition of the subject


Everything that follows the subject is a predicate. The predicate says more about the subject but doesn't contain the subject. The verb is the core element of the predicate. A verb is a word that indicates the action, situation, or existence.

Predicates are also of three types,

  • Simple predicate
  • Complete Predicate
  • Compound predicate


1.She smiles.

(Here,' smiles' is a predicate, and 'she' is a subject.' smiles' is a verb that conveys the action of the subject.)

The simple predicate contains verb or verb phrase only.

2.She hardly smiles

(In this sentence,' she' is a subject, and 'hardly smiles' is a predicate part. The predicate contains an adverb 'hardly' before the verb 'smiles'.Here the adverb acts as a modifier to describe the predicate.)

The complete predicate includes a modifier along with a verb to give an extra note about the predicate.

3.She smiles and waves at me.

(Here,' she' is a subject, and 'smiles and waves at me' is a predicate. the predicate part contains one verb and one verb phrase, Hence it is the compound predicate.)

A compound predicate comes with more than one verb or verb phrase to construct the predicate unit in a sentence.


Lakshmi (author) from Chennai on January 30, 2021:

Thank you, Ann Carr, for your help to improve my article,definitely I will correct my mistakes.

Ann Carr from SW England on January 30, 2021:

There are a couple of anomalies in your hub, regarding correct English:

'about how the car looks like' should read 'about what the car looks like' or 'how the car looks'. Also 'they are bound', not 'they are bind'. You have a paragraph where you write ' express (then a separate line) What the subject is doing?' There shouldn't be a question mark there, as you are making a statement, not asking a question.

I hope you don't mind me pointing these things out, but I feel it's rather crucial as you are teaching English in this hub. Normally, I don't pick people up on grammar as I don't expect everyone to know.

Otherwise, you set out your points clearly with good presentation which makes it easier to read and comprehend.


Lakshmi (author) from Chennai on January 29, 2021:

Thank you Liz Westwood for your valuable comment.

Liz Westwood from UK on January 29, 2021:

This is a useful article for anyone planning on learning English.

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