Koh-i-Noor is one of the most controversial diamonds in the world.
This diamond has been the subject of battles and conspiracies for centuries, and has been in the possession of Mughal princes, Iranian warriors, Afghan rulers and Punjabi maharajas.
Weighing 105 carats, the gem fell to the British in the mid-19th century, and is now on display in the Tower of London as a royal ornament.
Owning the diamond is an emotional affair for many Indians, many of whom believe the British stole the diamond from them.
When Koh-i-Noor fell into the hands of Governor-General Lord Dalhousie in 1849, he prepared to send it to Queen Victoria with its official date.
He assigned the task of researching the diamond to Theo Metcalfe, a junior assistant magistrate in Delhi who was also interested in gambling and parties.
But Metcalfe took advantage of the rumors and gossip. The same stories have been told in countless articles since then, even on Wikipedia with reference to Koh-i-Noor.
Below are the six 'mythical stories' about Koh-i-Noor mentioned in the book.
The first myth: Koh-i-Noor is a prominent Indian diamond
When Koh-i-Noor came to the UK, it weighed 190 meters, and there were at least two similar diamonds, the Noor River (approximately 195-175 metric carats) which is now in Tehran, and The great Mughal diamond (918-18 metric carats) which modern jewelers believe to be the Orloff diamond. The three diamonds were taken to Iran in 1739 after the invasion of India by Nadir Shah, the Iranian ruler.
When this diamond reached Punjab in the early 19th century and began to be considered as a distinguished and noble diamond.
Another legend: Koh-i-Noor was a perfect diamond
There were yellow spots in the middle of the uncut mountain light that were present in the middle of it, one of them was a big spot and did not reflect light.
That's why Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband, was in favour of re-trimming Koh- I -Noor.
Koh-i-Noor is not the largest diamond in the world. In fact, it is the 90th largest diamond in the world.
In fact, tourists who see it in the Tower of London are often surprised at how small it is, especially when they compare it to two large Kleinen diamonds on display nearby.
The third mythical story: Koh-i-Noor was discovered in India in the 13th century from the Kolur mine
It is impossible to know when and where Koh-i-Noor was discovered. That is why it is a mysterious stone.
Some even think that Koh-i-Noor is actually a Shyamantak stone which is mentioned in the Hindu religious book Bhagwat Pran about Lord Krishna.
According to Theo Metcalfe's report, this is the tradition that "this diamond was extracted during the lifetime of Krishna."
But we can say for sure that this diamond was not extracted from the mine but probably from the dry river surface in South India. Indian diamonds do not come from mines but from riverine lands.
Fourth Myth: Koh-i-Noor was the most precious treasure of the Mughals
Hindus and Sikhs valued diamonds more than other jewels, while Mughals and Iranians preferred large, uncut and shiny stones.
Undoubtedly, Koh-i-Noor was one of the most valuable treasures of the Mughals, which contained some of the finest and most unusual gems, but most of the treasures did not contain diamonds. The Mughals were more interested in the red spinel of Badakhshan and the red ruby of Burma.
Even the Mughal emperor Humayun gave a diamond of Babar as a gift to the Iranian king Shah Tahmasp during his exile. It is also thought to have been Koh-i-Noor.
This diamond of Babar reached Deccan again but it is not clear when and how it reached Mughals again.
Fifth Legend: Koh-i-Noor was stolen from Mughal King Muhammad Shah Rangeela by changing his turban
There is a well-known story that Nadir Shah provoked the Mughal emperor to deprive him of his diamond, which he had hidden in his turban.
But Muhammad Shah did not have this only gemstone which he would keep hidden in his turban, and which Nadir Shah would get by cleverly changing the turban.
According to the Iranian historian Marvi, the king could not hide his precious stone from his turban, because at that time he was part of a very attractive and precious royal throne called the peacock throne of Shah Jahan.
He writes of his personal observation that Koh-i-Noor was mounted on the roof of this extraordinary throne on the head of a peacock.
Sixth Myth: Koh-i-Noor was carved out of clumsy bun, which reduced its size
The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb allowed the French jeweler and traveler or Pistate Turnier to see his personal jewels, and according to him, the stonecutter Hotensio Bourgeois burned a large diamond, reducing its size.
But he identified the diamond as the great Mughal diamond that Mir Jamla, a diamond merchant, had gifted to the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
Modern scholars believe that the great Mughal diamond is actually Olof, which is currently mounted on the royal staff of Russian Queen Catherine in the Kremlin.
Almost all the other diamonds of the Mughals have been forgotten and in historical references all the extraordinary diamonds of India are mentioned as Koh-i-Noor.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
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