My vast library of New Age books has allowed me to research many new interesting theories about humanities ancient history.
Egyptian Ocean Going Vessel
Egyptian and Phoenician Alliance
In this article King Solomon's Mines, The Egyptian, Hebrew and Phoenician Colonization of North and South America, we will explore the idea that Columbus wasn't the first to discover North America but really only the last. I will describe why and how The Powers That Be, the Cabal or the Illuminati if you prefer have rewritten America's history and censored archeological discoveries, that would show that many ancient nations and civilizations already knew of the North American continent and had colonized it as well.
The amount of recently discovered shipwrecks of such groups of people as the Celts, Vikings, Romans, Greeks, Egyptians, Phoenicians, Chinese, Polynesians and Moors off the coasts of both North and South America and in the Caribbean provide ample evidence, that white Europeans were not the first to discover the New World. Because many of these wrecks are easily two to three thousand years old and some even older, logic dictates that at least some of these exploring groups of people would establish colonies.
This of course explains why Roman coins have been found in South America, Egyptian artifacts in the Grand Canyon, Celtic stonework East of the Mississippi, Phoenician sculptures from Los Angeles to Chicago, the Hebrew language was the basis for the Cherokee language and wide variety of other artifacts throughout both North and South America from the above mentioned groups.
Since the pursuit of gold and other precious metals has always been a motivating factor for exploration and colonization of new lands by kings, queens and nations since the beginning of written history, it doesn't require a lot of imagination to understand why any major ancient power or nations would be motivated to expanding their territories by exploring and colonizing new land, especially if it was inhabited by people of a far less technological and intellectual sophistication and easily defeated in war.
Once bronze was discovered to be a harder alloy of metal for making weapons, it became a distinct advantage for countries to have their own supply of copper and tin ( the two main ingredients) for making bronze. However archeological evidence has shown that nations and groups of people that achieved the development of bronze into their societies (or trading for it) progressed far quicker as a civilization than those that didn't. Because it allowed them to introduce writing (create laws & contracts), create long lasting agricultural tools and projects (aqueducts), invent the potter's wheel and develop sophisticated medical tools and eating utensils, making superior weapons and tools and wide variety of other uses that allowed their societies to grow and flourish.
One of the great mysteries of the ancient world, that has long been in dispute in academic circles, is the location of King Solomon's Mines, a source of his tremendous wealth and power. When King Solomon rose to power in 1,000 BC, he immediately began to explore, expand and colonize new territories from his position of power in Alexandria, Egypt. Allied with Hiram I of Tyre, a Phoenician King, he was able to develop a network of trading posts that doubled as military outposts. The Phoenicians were already an established Naval presence throughout the Mediterranean Sea and had explored much of the world's oceans as well. Combined with King Solomon's vast wealth and large army, they made formidable allies but what they both really needed was control over their own copper and tin supplies.
As allies they were able to rely on each others wealth, knowledge and experience to engage in joint expeditions to new lands called Tarshish and Ophir. Among scholars, researchers, writers and archeologists the locations of both Ophir and Tarshish are widely disputed but the consensus has Ophir located in India or Indonesia based descriptions from maps made by explorers and the ancient names of islands. Sri Lanka is the most likely location for Ophir but Ethiopia, Zimbabwe and Tunisia in Africa have been mentioned as locations as well as cases made for Peru and Brazil or even the Philippines.
What intrigued me were the descriptions for the location of Tarshsish, taken from the Hebrew Bible of a very large land or region in the far West of the Mediterranean Sea. Which of course, we all know the only large land mass West of the Mediterranean Sea would be either North or South America. Wikipedia lists a wide variety of locations for Tarshish, including Great Britain, Spain and Zimbabwe but is careful not to mention the idea that Tarshish could have been located in the New World. Cyrus Gordon, a Bible Scholar, writer and linguistic expert has noted the similarities between the Cherokee written language and Hebrew and has made the claim based on his own research that Tarshish, is in fact America.
Other writers and researchers have also made this same claim, based on the discovery of ancient mining operations in the Great Lakes region of the United States and of gold and silver mines in Kentucky and Tennessee. In the book The Ancient Giants Who Ruled America: The Missing Skeletons and the Great Smithsonian Cover-up by Richard J. Dewhurst, he writes that carbon dating from wood found in artifacts recovered from copper mines in Michigan have been determined to be 1,000 to 10,000 years old. Researchers have determined a continuous mining history from at least 8,000 BCE to around 1,500 BCE, contemporaneous with the volcanic explosion on the Cretan island of Thera (Santorini). However it does resume somewhere around the last millennium BC (900 to 1,000 BC), which would correspond with King Solomon's rise to power and vast accumulation of wealth from expeditions to Tarshish.
There is ample archeological evidence that continuous mining has gone on in this region for over ten thousand years and has produced in conservative estimates 500,000 TONS of copper. Since North America has never been considered having experienced a Bronze Age, then the question that comes to mind is where did all that copper and tin go?
However what I find even more interesting is that traditional researchers and archeologists refuse to analyze copper found in Europe, the Middle East and other parts of the world for its Michigan signature. This refusal to correlate information shows a clear pattern or design to censor information that would show ancient America was a busy trading community with other parts of the world in ancient times.
The idea that ancient history has been rewritten to suit those that wish to keep certain information a secret from the public, there can be no doubt in my mind. That being said, I read somewhere (unsure of the source) that the Canary Islands, were in fact named after the Canaanites, and who were the Canaanites but the Phoenicians. So let's explore this possibility before moving on, shall we? Wikipedia has this to say about the term Canaanites;
The name "Canaanites" (כְּנָעַנִיְם kənā‘anīm, כְּנָעַנִי kənā‘anī) is attested, many centuries later, as the endonym of the people later known to the Ancient Greeks from c. 500 BC as Phoenicians, and following the emigration of Canaanite-speakers to Carthage (founded in the 9th century BC), was also used as a self-designation by the Punics (chanani) of North Africa during Late Antiquity.
The scholar William F. Albright, in his book, The Role of the Canaanites in the History of Civilization, proposes the idea that Phoenician exploration of the Mediterranean and New World didn't really begin until the Hebrew King David defeated the Philistine empire in 990 BC. This shift in power opened the door for many other nations to begin exploration, due to the Philistine reduction in naval supremacy of the Mediterranean.
This allowed such city/states of Phoenicia, such as Carthage, Byblos, Sidonia and Tyre to begin to develop trade with the British Isles for tin, create colonies in Spain (Cadiz) and West Africa, namely Morocco and the Canary Islands and to sail beyond the Strait of Gibraltar into the open Atlantic Ocean. Interestingly enough the Greek word Phoinike means "people of the purple" (phoinios) because their main trade good was a purple dye they extracted from a mollusk (purpur murex) that could only be found in the coral reefs surrounding the Canary Islands. Of course it is easy to make the connection from Canaanite to Canary but there is more to this possible connection when we recognize that many ancient sea-faring civilizations may have visited these islands, such as the Egyptians.
We know that the Egyptians worshipped many Gods in their pantheon but one such was Anubis, the Jackal Headed God of the Underworld. We also know that the earliest known inhabitants of the Canary Islands were known as the Guanches, that in fact worshipped dogs and even mummified them and treated dogs as holy animals. Of course, one of the only ancient civilization to mummify their dead were the Egyptians. Yet we also know that in ancient times the Canary Islands supported a large colony of seals (monk seals), which are often called sea dogs. And we know that Phoenicians were master sailors and that master sailors are often referred too as "sea dogs" or canis marinus.
Canine is not only an adjective but also a noun. Dogs and their relatives in the Canidae family—the wolves, jackals, foxes, and coyotes—are often called canines. And so are those two slightly pointed teeth a bit to the right and left of your front teeth. Lest I digress into the role that dogs play in humanities ancient history and mythology with descriptions of the Dog Star (Orion), the Dogon Tribe in Africa (Sirius) and even that God spelled backwards is Dog, suffice to say that there does seem to be a dogged connection with Canaanites, Canines and the Canary Islands.
However one might question why I would spend so much time emphasizing the Canary Islands and their connection to the Egyptian and Phoenician civilizations? However if we examine the Gulf Stream, the current of water in the Atlantic Ocean that can easily propel ships along its course, that rely on oars or sails for their mode of transportation, then we can easily understand why the Canary Islands would serve any sea trading nation as logical base of operations.
King Solomon's name means peaceful, taken from the Hebrew word Shelom or Shelomoh, in the Bible it is Jedidah, meaning Loved By God. Many scholars think that the name Solomon may have been a King Name, such as Christ. In the Old Testament, Jedidah is considered the last king of a united Israel and builder of the Temple of Jerusalem. It is interesting to note that the name Jerusalem, also has the word Salem in it.
His reign lasted from 1,000 BC to 960 BC and is known as the Augustan Age in the Jewish annals. According to some historians, in a single year he was able to collect tribute in the amount of 666 talents of gold. A talent is the equivalent of 75 pounds, which would be almost 50,000 pounds or the equivalent in today's monetary system of about 750 Billion dollars. Now consider that this is just a single year of his reign and you can begin to see just how much wealth he would have accumulated in his forty years of ruling Israel. And, this is just what he made from his gold mines and doesn't include the vast amount of wealth he accumulated from other expensive trade goods, such as silk from China, spices from India, slaves from Africa and the Caribbean and copper, silver and tin from the Americas.
So the question that comes to mind is just where did he accumulate such a vast amount of wealth and where were these sources located?
However he is not just mentioned in the Bible but also the Qur'an, which names him Sulayman and attributes him as a great scholar, prophet and ruler that has attained many mystical powers, including but not limited too learning the language of birds with the ability to access the Hidden Glory in the World. In Surah 34:12 of the Qur'an we have the following text, which may reveal the source of his great wealth.
"And unto Solomon (We made subservient) the wind: Its morning course (covered the distance of) a month's journey, and it's evening course, a month's journey. And we caused a mountain of molten copper to flow at his behest; and (even) among the invisible beings there were some that had (been constrained) to labor for him by his Sustainers leave . . . ".
What I find interesting here, is that this text describes a month long journey using the power of the wind (sailing ships), to a land of unlimited copper, which would adequately describe a journey to North America and the copper mines of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
George Rawlinson, a 19th Century English scholar, historian and Christian theologian, had this to say about King Solomon's reign.
"The kingdom of Solomon," says George Rawlinson, "is one of the most striking facts in Biblical history. A petty nation, which for hundreds of years has with difficulty maintained a separate existence in the midst of warlike tribes, each of which has in turn exercised dominion over it and oppressed it, is suddenly raised by the genius of a soldier-monarch to glory and greatness."
Rawlinson continues, "an empire is established which extends from the Euphrates to the borders of Egypt, a distance of 450 miles; and this empire, rapidly constructed, enters almost immediately on a period of peace which lasts for half a century. Wealth, grandeur, architectural magnificence, artistic excellence, commercial enterprise, a position of dignity among the great nations of the earth, are enjoyed during this space, at the end of which there is a sudden collapse."
During King Solomon's reign the region enjoys almost a half century of peace and great wealth, which enables him to build, what is known as today as the Temple of Solomon, which is used to house the Ark of the Covenant. There is a great deal of history concerning just how King Solomon accumulated such great wealth, while keeping his sources a secret from not just his neighboring nations but from modern scholars as well. I think it is safe to say that the locations of his resources would be a closely guarded 'trade secret', that he would be unwilling to even share with some of his allies.
Temple of Solomon
Ancient Ship Building
The idea that any civilization capable of constructing the Great Pyramid of Giza would not have the technical expertise and savvy to build a ship able to withstand the weather and rigors of a trans-Atlantic voyage is absurd. But this is exactly what modern Egyptologists would like for us to accept. Despite a vast amount of evidence to the contrary, Egyptologists claim that the ships built by the Egyptians and found fully intact buried in boat pits around the pyramids, were only designed to float the Nile River or sail in and around the Mediterranean Sea.
This theory, built on the suppression of knowledge and censorship of archaeological discoveries, has been put forth to prevent the public from recognizing that the Egyptian civilization is far older than contemporary historians would have us accept. That quite possible the Egyptian civilization was established by immigrants from the ancient Atlantean civilization well over 30,000 years ago, as described by the ancient historian Manetho. The main premise behind this censorship of knowledge is to prevent mankind from recognizing that there existed ancient civilizations that possessed more knowledge, wisdom and sophisticated technology than modern man and that the human race is far older and more capable than is generally known.
I will reveal in this article King Solomon's Mines, The Egyptian and Phoenician Colonization of North and South America just how far reaching and widespread this censorship of our ancient origins is and why our history has been systematically rewritten.
Recent archaeological discoveries in around the Great Pyramid complex, if recognized by the mainstream public, would require modern historians to rewrite the current paradigm that our modern human civilization only began roughly 7,500 years ago in ancient Sumer. For example, the ship discovered in 1954 in a deep burial pit carved out of the local bedrock around 2580 BC is 140 feet long by almost 20 feet wide. This ship, which has been on display since 1982 at the Giza Solar Boat Museum, was constructed using material not found in Egypt, which means either it was built elsewhere or that the material had to be imported from these other locations.
While Egyptologists would have us accept the idea that this ship was built as King Khufu's (Cheops) royal yacht for leisurely voyages down the Nile River, the ship shows signs of having made voyages outside the Mediterranean Sea and in fact was designed and built in such a way as to withstand ocean swells and waves. The cedar planks and frames were lashed (sewn) together using "needle grass" (Stipa tenacissima), which can only found outside the Mediterranean Sea, such as the Canary Islands, Spain, Morocco, the Azores and other Atlantic coastal regions. The frame of the ship was put together using an advanced design known as Mortise and Tenon Joint (like Linkin Logs). This construction design allowed the ship to breathe and move as it encountered the massive swells and waves of the open ocean and is still used today by the Aymara Indians that live in around Lake Titicaca of Bolivia, to build their reed boats.
Another sign that this vessel was designed and built for ocean voyages is the scrapings along its forward hull (underside), which according to "ship experts" could only have been caused by coral reefs. The nearest coral reef grows near the Canary Islands off the coast of Southern Morocco, in the Atlantic Ocean.
Of course what this information suggests is, that either these ships were built for the Egyptians by another more advanced ship building civilization or that they inherited this knowledge from their ancestors. According to Manetho, a third-century-BC historian that recorded early Egyptian traditions and stories, Egypt was established by the Shemsu Hor, or "Followers of Horus", whom landed in the Nile River mouth 30,000 years ago from a distant land far to the West, that was sinking beneath the ocean waves.
However why can't both be true, I submit to the reader that an alliance with the Phoenicians, a notoriously well-known explorer/trading civilization would have allowed the Egyptian civilization the opportunity to trade for cedar planks and needle grass, while also gaining valuable knowledge about new lands and trade routes from the Phoenicians. Such an alliance would explain how and where the Egyptians were able to import or gather such exotic goods not "native too" their own country, such as cocaine and tobacco (found in mummies) and even corn, which is native only to the North American continent.
However what is even more startling, if not widely unknown, is the discovery in 1991 of fourteen, 75 foot long by 9 foot wide ships in the desert near Abydos, which predated Khufu's "yacht" by almost 500 years. Many of the ancient Egyptian ships found, were able to carry large cargoes and even had stalls for horses and chariots.
If contrary to modern Egyptologists claims that the ancient Egyptian civilization did indeed engage in trans-Atlantic trade it could very well explain the discrepancies concerning the "Land of the God" Ta Netjer or the location of the "Land of Punt". Because voyages to Punt are described in Egyptian history as lasting 36 months or three years, then the locations scholars attribute to this Land of Punt such as northern Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea and the Arabian Peninsula don't make sense. So much like the lands of Ophir and Tarshish, which have never been accurately located, so too is the Land of Punt called into question.
Egyptian Sailing Ship
The Land of Punt?
As is common whenever modern archaeologists are trying to interpret information and language from our ancestors, there will invariably be disagreements with the exact nature of the words and descriptions deciphered. Could Punt be defined as a "commercial voyage", rather than an actual location. Let's consider why their might be some ambiguity concerning actual distinct locations to distant lands. If a nation or civilization had the monopoly on a supply of cocaine, copper or tin or any other trade goods in demand, would this not give them a distinct advantage over other trade nations and/or their enemies . . . just like modern corporations closely guard their trade secrets, so too would any nation wish to keep the location of their monopoly a secret, as well.
If, however such an expedition to the Land of Punt, were to include not just those locations mentioned above but also trans-Atlantic voyages to North and South America and/or the Caribbean or journey's through the Arabian Sea to China and Japan, then a journey of three years would fit the bill nicely. Considering the trade goods, these voyages were bringing back, such as gold, silver, bronze, tin, precious jewels, exotic animals, silk, spices, slaves and plants that were not native to Africa and the Middle East, then it would lend credence to the idea that the Egyptians and Phoenicians had a source that was not readily known to their trade neighbors.
So the question becomes how would King Solomon, a Hebrew and enemy of Egypt come about the information of the trade secret of the Land of Punt?
When King Solomon rose to power in 1,000 BC, the Egyptian Empire was fading. The seventh and last King of the 21st Dynasty, Pharaoh Hor-Pasebakhaenniut II, whom ascended the throne in 967 BC and inherited an empire on the verge of economic and military collapse, simply traded Egypt's closely guarded trade secrets of the location of the Land of Punt to King Solomon for a share of the wealth. Part of this secret was a land called by the Egyptians, Khent-on-ofir, which means "Great Palace, or "far-off mythical city", or "royal residence".
Of course the Hebrew just shortened and changed the name into their language and called it Ophir, which leads us to the name Tarshish. According to Barry Fell in his book America B.C., we learn that the name for Phoenician Ocean going vessels were called the "Ships of Tarshish". There was also a city in Southeastern Spain, established in the 8th Century BC, by the Syrians called Tarshish, whom used a written and verbal language that was almost indistinguishable from the Phoenician language, which endured for hundreds of years until it was invaded by the Celts in 500 BC.
There is much archaeological and anecdotal evidence that ancient Egyptians, thousands of years before the reign of King Solomon were indeed trading, working and even living with many other ancient cultures throughout the Americas and in the Mediterranean Sea, especially the Phoenicians.
What is not widely known due to the antiquated philosophy of Egyptologists and the general censorship of archaeological discoveries from ancient Egypt is that ancient Phoenician sculptures and writing have been found in Egyptian ruins dated to the first and second millennium BC. The ancient Phoenician city of Byblos (which means papyrus in the Greek language), was shown to have traded with the Egyptian culture for thousands of years.
The Phoenician and Egyptian cultures were so closely intertwined dating back thousands of years and they even shared many similar Gods and Goddesses, such as Hathor, the mother of Ra and wife of Horus. The cult of Hathor predates the historic period, and the roots of devotion to her are therefore difficult to trace. Though it may be a development of pre-dynastic cults that venerated fertility, and nature in general, represented by cows. Hathor was known as the "Mistress of the West" and the Goddess of foreign lands, miners and fertility. She is depicted as a cow goddess with horns and twin feathers on either side of her head.
The Phoenician Goddess Ashtarte, whom was known by the Greeks as Ishtar, the Romans as Aphrodite and the Sumerians as Inanna was often depicted as having two curls of feathers or headdress on either side of her head, (much like the curls of hair worn by Princess Leia in the Star Wars movies). She was known as the "Lady of the Sea" by the Phoenicians and often attached as a figure to the prow of their ships. She was also minted on their coins and worshipped in such Phoenician cities as Sidon, Tyre and Byblos.
Once King Solomon gained the secret trade location to Punt or Ophir as his people called it, he then had a bargaining chip to make an alliance with King Hyram of Tyre and use his Ships of Tarshish, for the transportation of vast amounts of trade goods from the New World Colonies already set up by the Egyptians. This was the source of King Solomon's great wealth or as it is known King Solomon's Mines and I'm sure a closely guarded secret. And what better way to keep such a secret than to use disinformation to the location of Ophir or Punt by spreading rumors that it was located anywhere but North America?
Of course this leads us to the question of how the ancient Egyptians, whom were not known for being great explorers, knew of the "Land of God" or Punt in the first place?
If we are to recognize the information gathered by the great Egyptian historian Manetho, and accept his origin story of the Egyptians as accurate, then the obvious conclusion is that Egypt was founded by semi-divine sages called the Shemsu Hor (Followers of Horus) from the fabled city/state of Atlantis. A great many sources tell us, the least of which is Timothy Wyllie description in his series of books called the Rebel Angels, that the civilization of Atlantis had a great navy that had explored all of the known world in search of resources, riches and slaves.
Without going into great detail about Atlantis, suffice to say that the Atlanteans had a Patriarchal Hierarchy system of government in which the higher to middle classes (there was no lower class, only slaves) felt they were privileged and that menial task were only fit for slaves. They used their great navy to pirate the riches and people of the other nations of Earth to serve them. They would use their advanced sciences and knowledge of geography to locate vast sources of wealth, then establish mining or agricultural colonies using their captured slaves or indigenous natives to extract the riches of the Earth and their navy to return that wealth to their island continent of Atlantis.
When this island continent began to sink beneath the waves in a series of cataclysms, they spread out across the globe to inhabit regions they had already explored or had established colonies in. One such location was Egypt but others were North and South America and the Caribbean. Bringing with them their advanced knowledge they were able to set up fully intact civilizations and incorporate the native people into their societies to work for them. For instance the ancient Sumerian word for Worship actual means to "work for" and we all know that orthodox history regards Sumer as the Cradle of Civilization. Sumer was the first civilization in "recorded history", appearing out of nowhere as a fully intact civilization with its own language, laws, science, astronomy, religion, music, agriculture, animal husbandry and the list goes on and on . . .
According to The Emerald Tablets written by Thoth the Atlantean (translated by Doreal), he established Egypt by subduing the local natives using advanced technology, after arriving in the Nile Valley via aircraft. Once there, he established a priest caste system to ensure that Atlantean knowledge was not lost and set up pyramidal hierarchy rule of government, again employing the use of slaves for menial labor. He relayed his new base of operations to what was left of the Atlantean Navy and they arrived in ships later to begin a new civilization, which is known as the Zep Tepi (First Time). According to Manetho, who was an initiated Egyptian priest and scribe who lived 300 years after Plato, Zep Tepi began over 40,000 years ago around 39,000 BC.
The Shemsu Hor, which is defined as the "Followers of Horus", were known to live extremely long lives compared to the native humans they ruled, as well as being practically immortal, they were also giants. There are numerous statues, hieroglyphs and carvings that show just how large these semi-divine rulers really were. Of course orthodox historians ignore, ridicule and dispute this information as nonsense but even the Bible describes a race of giants having walked the Earth in ancient times.
There is more than enough evidence world wide to show that an ancient giant race of humanity existed, for more information on that subject see my article American History Censored: Mound Builders, Giants of Antiquity and Hollow Earth. The same disaster that destroyed Atlantis may have caused many other regions of the planet and civilizations to rebuild but the areas of the Earth where the surviving Atlanteans moved too, would at the very least benefit from their sophisticated knowledge and technology.
Emerald Tablets of Thoth
My own personal feelings is that Thoth the Atlantean, along with the Ra Confederacy, with the blessings of the Council of Worlds, were allowed to intervene in human affairs with the intention of establishing the Egyptian Civilization as means of teaching the human race the Law of One. Thoth and Ra would be given the chance to show they had learned their own spiritual lessons by establishing a "school of thought and principle" that humanity could follow, through the Egyptian Civilization.
I do find it interesting that when you combine their names together you come up with Thorah, could they have written a book of rules for humanity to follow . . . things that make you go Hmmm?
The need for humans to deify other beings of superior intellect, knowledge and technology, soon lead to both Thoth and Ra being worshipped as Gods, along with their followers. Of course, being much taller and larger, while living incredibly long lives and possessing sophisticated technology probably didn't help matters.
However, it is clear that the establishment of the Egyptian Civilization in the Nile Valley allowed for humanity to eventually stand on its own and branch out into other parts of the globe. Many ancient civilizations and people benefited from the Egyptians civilization and there is ample evidence that they visited many parts of the globe, including North and South America.
Ancient Polynesian Ship Design
Egyptian, Hebrew and Phoenician Exploration and Trade
The fact that the ancient Egyptian, Hebrew and Phoenician civilizations traded with one another is not in doubt, the idea that they visited the New World's of North and South America and the Caribbean, has long been in dispute within the orthodox archaeological community. The overwhelming amount of evidence and proof that they visited the New World, is considered by mainstream archaeology as a world wide conspiracy or hoax.
What is important to realize about the Egyptian, Hebrew and Phoenician exploration of North and South America is that these fleets, or Ships of Tarshish, were traders and explorers. They did not mine the gold, hunt the animals or tan the furs, smelt the copper or tin or even capture the slaves . . . they initiated trade for these goods with the natives of each land they visited. So, I'm sure that some of the slave trade they engaged in, was also a means of learning languages, customs and gaining intelligence from the people they traded with.
There are two basic routes the Phoenicians, Egyptians and Hebrews could have taken to the New World. The longer voyage, would have started in the Red Sea, moving down the East Coast of Africa around Cape Horn up the Western Coast of Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean to Brazil. The shorter route would have begun on the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, through the Strait of Gibraltar, passed the Canary Islands and across the Atlantic Ocean to the Northern coast of South America, along to the West Indies, into the Caribbean to the Mississippi River or up the East coast of Northern America to the St. Lawrence Seaway and into the Great Lakes.
Both route's would have afforded the sea trading nations plenty of opportunities to trade for a variety of goods. Of course there is another route that they could have taken as well, that would have allowed them to trade with India and eventually China and Japan, had they sailed East out of the Red Sea into the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean. This would have allowed them access to the Pacific Ocean and the Western coast of both North and South America. Now we can easily recognize that these fleets of trade ships or the Ships of Tarshish, as they were called, were in fact going to these distant lands based on the cargo and variety of goods they were bringing back.
It is important to realize that goods that were in demand but light weight, durable and easy to store, would be the most desirably to trade for because they would be the kinds of goods that could endure lengthy voyages, such as silk from China, spices from India, purple dye from the Canary Islands and from a cactus in the American Southwest and cocaine from South America.
However many other trade goods that were in demand weren't so easy to transport, such as animals, slaves that need to be fed and heavy metals such as gold, silver, tin, copper that added a lot of weight to your ship and food that would spoil on long distant voyages. As is the case with some of the food, such as vegetables, these traders could just as well bring back the seeds of these plants and then try to grow the plants themselves.
However to ensure that production of some of these goods would be made readily available and to cut out the middle man, I'm sure some of these nations might want to leave some of their own kind in these various ports, cities and lands to augment and cultivate better trade agreements. These ambassadors might even be there to gain more intelligence and even scout out desirable lands to colonize. Let's take a look at a few examples of where and when this may have happened.
Key Marco Bast Figurine
The first indication that Egypt conducted trade with the New World was when archaeologists discovered traces of cocaine and tobacco (only native to the Americas) in the mummified remains of the Pharaohs and found clear depictions of corn cobs (another native American plant) in Egyptian papyrus scrolls, on temple walls and within tombs.
However the first evidence that the Egyptian culture had reached North America comes in the form of the many names of Native American Indian tribes, cities, towns, landmarks, rivers and even states. The word Tennessee is literally translated from the ancient Egyptian language as tenne (meaning land) and esse ( Greek for Isis) or "Land of Isis". The Egyptian word Sawanee or Sau An means the "Children of Osiris" and also may refer to a body of water. From this word we get the word Savannah, which is the names for towns in Florida and Georgia and for a the Savannah River.
The name for the Iroquois Indian tribe is one of the animal totems assigned to the ancient Egyptian God Amon, called Iroquai. The Egyptian name for the primeval God is Pauti, whom created himself and "All That Is" but is also the name for an Indian tribe in Utah (location of the Grand Canyon, more on that later), called the Paiute Indians. Pau-ti-Taui is also the name for the Egyptian God Amon-Ra (supreme God of the Sun), which means "the Beginning of Time". Also the word Pautiwa is the name for the Zuni Indian tribe's 'Chief of Council' God, whom represents the Sun God and embodies the forces of power, kindness, dignity and beauty. The Zuni Indians were a peaceful tribe that lived in the Four Corners region of the American Southwest.
One of the most amazing ancient Egyptian discoveries in the New World was made by the Smithsonian Institute in 1896, of an artificial island made of sea shells off the Western coast of Florida near Key Marco. On this island was found a small pond that when dredged over 1,000 wooden artifacts were recovered. Among these artifacts was a six inch long figure of an anthropomorphic cat, that is a feline head on a human torso. This figure could only be a representation of the Egyptian Goddess Bast, whom was known to protect humans from infectious diseases and evil spirits.
Attempts to date these wooden artifacts lead to a wide variety of time periods however we do know that the Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut of the 18th Dynasty sent many expeditions to the Lands of Punt around 1450 BC. But another corresponding discovery was the famous Bimini Road or Wall, located off this islands northern point and twenty feet below the surface of the water. The Egyptian word Baminini means "Homage to (ini) the soul (ba) of Min", the divine patron of long-distance travelers.
One more piece of evidence that I find particularly convincing is that the Mi'kmaq and Algonkian Indians of the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec and Canada's Maritime Provinces along the St. Lawrence Seaway are the only Native Americans that used a written form of language. This logo graphic style of writing is composed of single symbols representing entire words or phrases, very similar to the ancient pro-to-dynastic hieroglyphic writing of the Egyptians. This is important because many of the symbols of the Mi'kmag's and Algonquians share the same meaning.
The Mi'kmaq's origin myths involves "fair-skinned travelers or wizards from across the Eastern Sea", that endowed them with "spiritual powers", Mi'kmaq means spiritual power. We must remember that the St. Lawrence Seaway would have been one route any sea-trading nation may have taken to reach the many copper and tin mines of the Great Lakes.
Egyptian Temple in East Tennessee
According to the famous Professor of Ancient Languages at New York's Brandeis University, the basis for the written and spoken language of the Cherokee Indians of Tennessee is ancient paleo-Hebrew. What is even more interesting is that the ancient Roman Jew, the historian Flavius Josephus, describes in his Books of the History of the Jewish War against the Romans how the Jewish people after being defeated in what is known as The Jewish War (circa 75 AD), fled across the Atlantic Ocean to a land they called Epeiros Occidentalis or "Western Continent".
This would mean that Jewish colonists arrived in North America, a full 1,300 years before Christopher Columbus 'discovered' Haiti. So despite mainstream archaeologists claim that the Bat Creek Stone is a forgery and modern day hoax, there is historical precedence that an ancient Judah culture existed in North America.
While constructing a dam near the Clinch River in Tennessee in 1934, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), discovered what at first was thought to be a Hopewell Native Indian burial mound and called in some archaeologists to investigate. The archeologist's excavations soon revealed the ruins of a large stone and wood structure. British Egyptologist, James Rendel Harris was consulted and he identified the structure as an Egyptian Temple.
"In the center of the mound, about three feet from its surface, I uncovered a large sacrificial vase, or altar, forty-three inches in diameter, composed of a mixture of clay and river shells. The rim of the vase was three inches in height. The entire vessel had been molded in a large wicker basket, formed of split canes, and the leaves of the cane, the impressions of which were plainly visible upon the outer surface. The circle of the vase appeared to be almost mathematically correct. The surface of the altar was covered with a layer of ashes, about one inch in thickness, and these ashes had the appearance and composition of having been derived from the burning."
I highly recommend clicking on the above link and then clicking the PDF document, for a better understanding of how the Native Americans in the Mississippi Valley differed from how they are portrayed in orthodox history books.
What is interesting to note is that during ancient times, Hebrews were commanded to maintain an eternal flame at the tabernacle/temple, this information can be found in Exodus 27:20, 21. However when we further explore the Old Testament, we find that incense was burned in the temple as representation or medium for prayers to rise in the smoke or travel to God. This coincides with many Native Americans that use tobacco in religious ceremonies to sends prayers up to the Creator. Many Naturalists whom lived with and travelled with Native Americans in the early days of America being built noticed the many similarities between ancient Hebrew customs and certain Native American Indian tribes, such as the Illinois, Natchez, Ojibwa, Algonquin and Cherokee.
"Henri de Tonto, who travelled with de la Salle and wrote an extensive report, thought them most "polished" people he had seen. As with the Illinois and Natchez, they maintained a sacred fire that was never allowed to go out in their major Temple… an elaborate palace with decorated walls ten feet high."
(A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820, by John K. Thornton)
So it is not just artifacts that reveal to us the veracity of ancient Egyptian, Hebrew and Phoenician colonist in the New World but all the similar traditions and religious ceremonies of their descendants. Early historical documents reveal a much different culture than what is taught to us through movies, modern history books, televisions shows and mainstream education.
Bat Creek Stone
The Phoenicians established a colony in Southwestern Spain around the 8th century BC, that they called Tarshish, named after their ocean going vessels, so that they could cut out the middle man (the native Basque's) and mine for silver on their own. The Greeks called this city Tartessean, after the language written and spoken there, which was closely related to the original Phoenician language. Many rock carvings have been found throughout the Americas with this form of writing on it, such as the Bourne Rock found in what is now modern Massachusetts.
We need to remember is that the Phoenicians were a trading corporation of many city/states and because of this they often were hired by many other nations to act as intermediaries, provide ships, sailors and crews and even soldiers to conduct their interests. Certainly they undertook their own expeditions but what they provided was sailing expertise, navigation, ships and most importantly locations, which were very closely guarded secrets.
The Phoenicians ability to keep the locations of gold, silver, copper and tin mines of North and South America a secret from their competition allowed them to amass great wealth, while providing a demand for the services of their Ships of Tarshish. Some of these ocean going vessels were very large and could hold anywhere from 100 to 500 tons of cargo. These ships also had twenty oars on either side, which allowed them to navigate rivers and row against the current.
From their city of Carthage or the Canary Islands, they could very easily have navigated to the Gulf Stream or South Equatorial Current and made their way to the Eastern coast of Brazil. Once there they could have gone South to Rio de Janerio and up the Sao Francisco, this river stretches 1,811 miles of which 812 are navigable, to the Gold and Diamond mines of the State of Minas Gerais (General Mines). Or they could have taken the Gulf Stream current north to the Caribbean to the gold mines of Haiti or even further north to the St. Lawrence Seaway and down to the Copper and Tin mines of the great lakes.
Because of the many stone carvings, hieroglyphic text written on stone and other artifacts left behind in their travels that have been discovered we do know they visited these ancient mines in both Americas.
Phoenicians in the New World
In 1872, what is now called the Paraiba Stone was discovered by some slaves working on a plantation in Eastern Brazil, which bore the markings of an unknown writing. The writing was transcribed by the plantation owner, Joaquim Alves da Costa's son and sent in a letter to the Institute of History in Rio de Janeiro and later learned to be Phoenician. After being passed around archaeology circles it was finally translated and officially considered a fake, mostly due to grammatical errors, which is a common disinformation technique to discredit ancient documents.
To make a long story short, for the purpose of this article, the famed linguist Cyrus Gordon finally learned of this document and made his own translation, which differed from the translation made 80 years before. The inscription contained elements that early 19th century archaeologists would be unfamiliar with, as they hadn't been deciphered yet. Here is the translation made by Cyrus Gordon, whom at the time was the world's leading authority on ancient Semitic languages.
We are Sidonian Canaanites from the city of the Mercantile King. We were cast up on this distant shore, a land of mountains. We sacrificed a youth to the celestial gods and goddesses in the nineteenth year of our mighty King Hiram, and embarked from Ezion-geber into the Red Sea. We voyaged with ten ships, and were at sea together for two years around Africa. Then we were separated by the hand of Baal, and were no longer with our companions. So we have come here, twelve men and three women, into New Shore. Am I, the Admiral, a man who would flee? No! May the celestial gods and goddesses favor us well!
The article The “Phoenician” inscriptions from Paraiba, Brazil explores the veracity of this stone's ancient writings and whether or not it is a hoax or genuine. What this writer, Austin Whittall, also gives us is some in depth research into where the mysterious land of Ophir could have been based on the Phoenician language and their trade in gold.
The Waubansee Stone discovered in Northern Illinois in the early 1800s is an intricately carved tophet (word for altar) used by Phoenician priests in ritual infanticide sacrafices. On one side of this alter is the face of man with eyes closed and mouth slightly opened, with a small depression or trough roughly the size of a bassinet on top. Three holes have been drilled through the hard granite leading to the mouth so that the blood of the sacrifice can run down and out the mouth. The face has a chin beard in the style Phoenician Priests wore, which is commonly displayed in Phoenician artwork that has been found in Carthage, Trye and other ancient Phoenician ruins in Northern Africa.
Smithsonian archaeologists have tried to argue that this rock carving is the work of an anonymous American soldier or Native American artist, in the likeness of Chief Waubansee of the Pottawatomie Indian tribe that lived in the region it was found in but that idea has been thoroughly discredited. Native Americans do not have facial hair nor did they practice infant sacrifices and they didn't carve stone statues, so that theory has been proven false.
The Phoenicians left behind many statues that have been unearthed by early Americans plowing fields, building roads and towns and clearing forests for farming. But due to the censorship that surrounds these artifacts and the propaganda to keep American History following the narrative that contemporary historians and those in power wish for it too, they have been removed from public scrutiny.
Waubansee Stone or Bloodstone
Copper and Tin Mines of North America
The reluctance of contemporary archaeologists and historians to acknowledge and accept the importance of the copper and tin mines of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and the Great Lakes region of North America is in itself one of the greatest cover-ups or false histories in modern archaeology and mainstream education. Clearly this is by design and not due to stubbornness, ignorance or lack of evidence.
Copper is one of the most common minerals on Earth but copper that registers over 90% pure is extremely rare and comes from ONLY one location known to mankind the American Midwest (specifically the Upper Peninsula of Michigan). Historians estimate that half a billion pounds of copper was mined from the American Midwest during a span of a thousand years during the European Bronze Age, in Michigan alone. Yet despite this amazing discovery they fail to explain where all this copper can be found, insisting that no transoceanic trade ever occurred between Bronze Age Europe and the Middle East and North America.
An ancient Bronze age shipwreck found off the coast of Turkey excavated in 1984 revealed 348 ingots or 10 tons of highly pure copper. According to the article Uluburun Shipwreck this copper was claimed to have come from Cyprus but that assertion has now been called into question. "Radiocarbon dating techniques and the presence of identifiable pottery types place the date of the wreck as sometime in the late 14th century BC, probably between 1330 and 1300 BC."
Since North America cultures and tribes never experience a Bronze Age, then clearly the large amount of copper and tin was shipped overseas to Europe, the Middle-east and Southeast Asia.
The Bourne Stone
What's In A Name
We do know that the ancient Phoenician's journey to the Americas would require many days and nights at sea and would require that they could navigate at night by The Stars, the word for The Stars in the ancient Phoenician language was La Mericka, which could easily be phonetically pronounced as America.
Again contemporary historians would have us accept the idea that the name for the Americas came from the Spanish explorer Amerigo Vespucci (1454 – 1512) and have us discount the idea that natives of the Caribbean and North and South America, referred to the lands they lived in as, alternatively Amerisque (mountain range in Nicaragua, named by the Mayas), Americo by people of Hispaniola (identified by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage) and Amuraca by the people of Columbia in South America.
So the question becomes where did this word come from?
We do know that the ancient Celts referred to the land they lived in along the western coast of France (Gaul), in the first century BC, as Amorica but how would that name come to be associated with the New World. To explain this association in detail will require another article altogether but what I can tell you is that the ancient Celts had a very large fleet of ocean going ships that was involved in a famous battle with the Roman Empire, called the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 57 BC.
The Venetii people of Amorica as they called themselves were defeated by the Romans and the survivors may have fled across the Atlantic Ocean to escape, as the Roman ships were not capable of trans-Atlantic navigation. I can tell you briefly that in both North and South America, a vast amount of Celtic artifacts have been found and many ancient red and blond haired skeletons unearthed. The ancient Celtic people were known for being unusually large, tall, bearded men with red and blond hair. Their signature double bladed axes have been unearthed all across the Americas from Canada to the tip of South America . . . but the details of their colonization of the Americas will have to wait.
Back to the idea that the names of countries, regions and lands in the Americas were based on the languages of people from Middle Eastern countries, we have only to learn the origin of the word Brazil. Interestingly enough, the word is supposed to derive from the ancient Gaelic words Breas (great) and Ail (wonderful), or put together to form Breasail.
However the Phoenician word for live burning ember (red hot) is BRZL, in Portuguese the word is "braza" (in Spanish Brasa), a live burning coal. There is also a tree that only grows in Brazil called almug, from which a red colored dye can be obtained. As we know the Phoenicians traded for dyes and were known in the ancient Mediterranean for having the monopoly in this trade. The bark of the almug or algum tree as it sometimes called, is a deep red color and the Greek word for red is Phoinix. A Phoenician word for Land of Plenty is called Braaz.
We know from the writings of King Solomon that he imported the wood of the almug or algum tree from the land of Ophir, sometimes called Brazil Wood.