I wrote this article on J1407-b A True lord of the rings. Gas ain't that can solve the mystery of the formation of Neptune rings.
Super Saturn, J1407b
Learn All About J1407b And its Amazing Rings.
Muhammad Sohaib Hassan via Hubpages.
'J1407b' Nicknamed as, 'The Lord Of The Rings is a gas giant, also knowgn as Super Saturn. Located about 433.8 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Centaurus. The planet was discovered in 2012 by the University of Rochester, located in New York. It is also term as a red planet due to strange red haze on its surface possibly due to slightly fusion activity in its core just like in Jupiter. but, the astonishing feature of this planet is its massive rings. Due to this massive ring system that is almost 200 times larger than Saturn rings with an angular diameter from Earth is about 3.7 milliarcsecond across. If Saturn has the same ring structure its angular diameter from earth would be about 0.006 milliarcseconds across. the total length of these rings is almost 90 million kilometres from the planet surface. And the ring system starts from 30 million kilometres from the planet and reaches almost 90 million kilometres. With a mass of about 3 to 9 times the mass of our earth, the rings are mostly made up of dust as the planet is too hot to spread any ice rings. But, ice could be found in exterior rings captured from commits etc. Those of you who love watching Saturn rings fall in love with this wonder of our universe .J1407b is huge almost 20 times more massive than Saturn with a ring system that is approximately 200 times larger than Saturn rings. And covers an area of 180 million kilometres approximately. This is an area almost equivalent to 1 Astronomical Unit (AU) for those of you who don't know how big 1 AU is it is equivalent to the distance between the sun and earth. J147b takes almost 3725 earth days to complete its rotation around its parent stan with a semi-major axis of 3.9 AU.
Here Is A Comparison Between I AU To The Rings Of J1407b.
Here Is A Brief Comparison Between Saturn Rings And Rings Of J1470b.
Comparision between 1 AU to the rings of J1407b.
Brief comparison between saturn rings and rings of J1470b.
J1407b rings formation.
There are a total of 37 rings separated by huge gaps Scientists predict that moons bigger than Earth-Moon might harbour this region but so far not a single one is discovered may be new James web telescope give us some information about J1407b and its beautiful rings and moon. There are several hypotheses about how this gigantic ring structure was formed
- Collision with a super-earth.
This hypothesis suggests that a giant planet 4 to 5 times the mass of the earth came to collide with J1407b but due to its intense gravity break apart into those beautiful rings we see today this is the reason for the creation of beautiful rings of J1407b.
Here is a photo of how this collision occurred.
Saturn collided to form rings
Dust from the creation of J1407b.
This theory suggests that when J1407b was formed. Due to its massive size trap, a lot of leftover dust rock and ice into its orbit. This theory was powered by the age of the planet. As our Saturn is 4.503 billion years old but J1407b is only 16.01 million years old. This means that j1407b parent star 1S WASP J140774 is younger only 16 million years old. While our sun is 4.603 Billion years old. That means this is a young solar system full of dust particles and rock ice. So that is the reason why the J1407b ring system is so huge. Every Gas gaint is truly a lord of the ring when it is young.
Even it is suggested that Neptune and Jupiter also hold Gaint rings when they are younger that is now turned into 79 moons of Jupiter and 14 moons of Neptune.
Here Is A Photo Of The Suggested Rings Of Jupiter And Neptune.
Suggested rings of Jupiter and Neptune.
Early solar system
J1407b. brown dwarf or Planet
The story of J1407 is very shame full. Because J1407b just failed to ignite fusion to become a star. The mass of J1407b is 20 Mj. This means that its mass lies between a super Jupiter about 20 times the mass of our Jupiter to a brown dwarf about 80 times the mass of Jupiter. Anything below this value doest have enough gravity to crush hydrogen in its core to create helium and lots and lots of heat and light. This means that although J1407b tries to become a brown dwarf, but failed due to lack of mass.
However, there are brown dwarfs out there containing their own planets and their own planets and also circling around another star much more massive. These brown dwarfs are the best place to find life as they are always surrounded by huge planets one brown dwarf is so massive that it actually vibrates its star.
Here is A Video of a Brown Dwarf with Its Parent Star.
Here Is A Photo Of J1407b As A Brown Dwarf Star
Brown Dwarf With Its Parent Star.
J1407b as a brown dwarf star
Detection of J1407b
J1407b Discovery is quite fascinating. first of all, it is the first brown dwarf to be discovered by the transit method.
Actually, scientists are pointing a telescope at 1S WASP J140747 suddenly scientists detected a series of eclypse like something is passing in front of 1S WASP J140747 in groups the reading of fluctuations in the graph is quite strange as the time of fluctuation is irregular at first but when the same value occurs again scientist was stunned.
Here Is A Graph Of Change In Luminosity Of 1S WASP J140747.
Graph of change in luminosity of 1S WASP J140747.
These fluctuations let scientists believe that this could be a ring system. Because 37 eclipses were detected first. then 37 again this 37 pair separated by a few seconds. This couldn't be a dust cloud or an asteroid belt. Scientists then predicted that this might be a ring system but, ironically the planet that was surrounded by this ring system was never discovered. Why? Because of the angle between earth J1407b and its parent star 1S WASP J104707. Actually for transit to accrue a planet must be revolving directly in front of its parent star or what we call inside the Star's illuminated disk, but in the case of J470b, it is revolving a little down than the telescope and sun angular limit. Only its ring passes in between telescope lens and the sun due to the mass of the rings that scientist predicted that its mass could be in between 16 times to 24 times that of Jupiter mass then later own due to bubble the clear image of J1470b was detected and its mass is about 20 Mj.
- Here Is a Short video of 37 Rings of J1407b.
- Here Watch The Video Of How the Transit detection Method work.
- Also, watch how scientists detected J1407b in the first place.
Short video of 37 Rings of J1407b.
Transit detection Method working
Scientists detected J1407b.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2021 Muhammad Sohaib Hassan