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Invasion of Poland and the Start of World War II


The Invasion of Poland and the Start of World War II

On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany launched an invasion of Poland, which marked the beginning of World War II. The German blitzkrieg, also known as the "lightning war," was extremely successful; as a result, Polish forces were defeated in less than a month's time. The invasion marked the beginning of a new kind of warfare, one that was distinguished by its rapidity and its effectiveness. In addition to that, it would bring about the bloodiest war in the annals of human history.

The Causes of the Invasion

There was neither a prerequisite nor a sufficient pretext for Germany's invasion of Poland. It was the consequence of a deliberate choice that had been made by Adolf Hitler, the dictator of the country. Hitler had long cherished the idea of Germany establishing itself as the dominant power in Europe, and he was convinced that war was the only way to realise this goal. In addition to this, he was of the opinion that the Polish people were beheaded because they belonged to a lower-class race and should be eradicated. As a direct consequence of this, the invasion was driven by a combination of ideology and racism.

The Execution of the Invasion

The actual invasion was carried out with incredible precision and efficiency. German troops crossed into Poland at 4:30 a.m. on September 1, 1939. They were met with little resistance from Polish troops, who were vastly outnumbered and outgunned. The Germans quickly began to overwhelm their opponents, using a new style of warfare known as blitzkrieg (or "lightning war"). This style relied on fast-moving tanks and aircraft to quickly break through enemy defences. Within weeks, Polish forces had been crushed, and Germany had gained control of much of the country.

The Aftermath of the Invasion

Germany's swift victory in Poland came at a terrible cost. The brutal occupation that followed led to the death or imprisonment of millions of Poles. Meanwhile, Hitler's actions had finally given other European countries cause for alarm. Britain and France declared war on Germany on September 3, but it would be many months before they took any meaningful action against Hitler's regime. In the meantime, Germany would go on to occupy much of Europe and wage war against the Soviet Union, leading to even more death and destruction on an unprecedented scale.

The outbreak of World War II was the culmination of a long and complex series of events, factors, and decisions. It was the result of Hitler's aggressive ideology, his quest for German domination, and his belief in the inferiority of the Polish people. It was also the result of Britain and France's appeasement policy, which allowed Hitler to gain control of much of Europe without facing any serious opposition. Ultimately, it was the invasion of Poland that sparked the start of the deadliest conflict in human history.


Germany's invasion of Poland was a key event in the outbreak of World War II. It demonstrated the power of blitzkrieg warfare and led to the occupation of much of Europe by German forces. The invasion also had far-reaching consequences for millions of people, both in Poland and elsewhere. Its legacy is still felt today.

© 2022 Melinda Huber

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