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Importance Of Traditional Knowledge In Agriculture

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Padmshri Award Mrs. Rahibai of Ahmednagar started the seed campaign for the health of the people. Let's know her work.


How traditional knowledge is important for agriculture?

A few days ago, the Padma award distribution ceremony was held at Rashtrapati Bhavan. Of course the ceremony was spectacular. Because, some of the awardees were working at a very basic level, who changed the lives of the people around them. People who have done research and contributed in the field of agriculture are always honored. But this year also included congregations promoting traditional farming knowledge. On the one hand, while modern technology was being used for agriculture, traditional knowledge was also respected.

It has been instrumental in advancing the traditional knowledge in the field of agriculture. At present modern technology is being used to increase production and to overcome difficulties in the agricultural sector. Sophisticated systems are being used to deal with problems like untimely rains, diseases, soil fertility. But the increasing use of this technology has increased the risk of forgetting traditional agricultural techniques and knowledge from one generation to the next. Of course, this knowledge is not found anywhere else, but is found in our surroundings, in the family.

For this we will take the example of Beejmata Rahibai Popare. Her invaluable contribution to the development of seed for grain in Ahmednagar in the Maharashtra state and he came to prominence on the basis of this work. In fact, the seed has enriched the agricultural sector and has been used in modern crop improvement programs in recent times. This seed is not a modern invention but has been developed through the work of generations. Ideal farming criteria were set for increasing income and improving agricultural value and the plan was prepared accordingly.

There are different types of seeds were sorted and selected on the basis of experiment. Although these seeds have not been used commercially for many years, they have contributed to the increase in biodiversity. This biodiversity helps us to understand global key issues like climate change. Not only have that, but the biodiversity characteristics of the crop helped in facilitating the agricultural sector. Therefore, we need to pay special attention to the development and cultivation of conventional seeds. In the last few decades, 75 percent of crop biodiversity has been lost, according to a United Nations research paper. It considering how the growth of most of these crops is naturally stunted, the figure is quite large.

As a result, the incidence of diseases among the people has also increased due to the reduction in the consumption of fruits or crops naturally. Man's immunity is also declining. Therefore, a healthy diet is considered an important factor for human health. But the World Health Organization estimates that 30 percent of the world's population suffers from dietary disorders. Therefore, there is a need to focus on nutritional supplements that are locally and readily available to reduce the incidence of malnutrition.

The production of fruits, vegetables, pulses and seeds is essential for a nutritious diet, according to the Alliance of Biodiversity International. However, its production has now declined by 22 per cent. At present, in many places, the emphasis is on single crop. The Government of India has focused on the cultivation of oilseeds. Therefore, the amount of crops required for a nutritious diet is found to be low.

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Padmshri Award Mrs. Rahibai Popare of Ahmednagar started the seed campaign

Seeing the deteriorating health of the people due to lack of nutritious food, Mrs. Rahibai Popare of Ahmednagar started the seed campaign. They felt the need for healthy, nutritious and locally grown crops, food for the health of the people. For this, the basis of traditional agricultural knowledge was taken. Real traditional knowledge includes cultural, social and intellectual things. Traditional knowledge in any field is not limited to one community. It helps in understanding the deep and special context of an area. It is a mistake to assume that traditional knowledge comes from formal education.

It also requires informal experience. Human and cultural responsibility has also been observed while cultivating the environment through traditional agriculture and crops. That is why the thoughts, contributions and deeds are considered wonderful. One objection is raised against conventional seeds or seed, and that is that the technique is not very useful in practical and economic testing when it comes to commercialization of a wide range of crops.

At the global level, the demand for agricultural products is increasing by fourteen per cent every decade. Due to the recent decline in agricultural production, declining agricultural area and subsistence farming, it may be difficult to meet food needs on the basis of conventional farming alone. Therefore, when thinking of changing times, we need not only conventional knowledge but also to adopt it effectively and adopt sustainable farming methods.

Ecosystems are also considered when modernizing technology in sustainable agriculture. Ecosystem means enhancing the interaction between plants, animals, communities and inanimate environments by increasing interaction. Congregations like Mrs. Rahibai who have knowledge of traditional agriculture know the meaning of 'ecosystem' very well and their role in such a situation is very important. We need farmers like Rahibai who have a scientific understanding of agriculture and are actively involved.

On this basis we can disseminate traditional knowledge and pass it on to the common farmers. While traditional agricultural knowledge is currently being researched nationally and internationally, it is important to identify the traditional seeds and their properties and evaluate them accordingly. With the help of this assessment, popular varieties can be developed and more land area can be increased. Of course, the starting point of all this work is the diversity of seeds and this diversity has come from the agricultural knowledge that has been cultivated for generations.

We need social recognition and encouragement to learn and carry on traditional agricultural knowledge. An honor like Padma Shri Award not only honors the work of an individual but also honors the contribution made by many generations. Now we need to go further. There is a need to involve those who promote traditional knowledge, balancing the changing needs and security, in the decision-making process in agriculture and the environment. Such as the traditional knowledge of her and their work. According to this, she will be able to work from one part of the country to another and will join the mainstream of the country through the influence of their work.

© 2021 Anand

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