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Human Dignity-Centered Framework: Social Cognitive Theory (SCT)

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Human Dignity-Centered Framework: Social Cognitive Theory (SCT)

Human Dignity-Centered Framework: Social Cognitive Theory (SCT)

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Abstract

The development of a Human Dignity-Centered frameworks was done using religious perceptions to advance organization ethics. The basic principle is that individuals learn through their personal experiences and observe environmental events or others and their actions. This paper discusses the ethical and legal Social Cognitive Concept foundation by reviewing current research under this theme. The paper will also explore examples of the motivational theory in the biblical text, referring to scriptures linked with the six primary SCT constructs: reinforcements, behavioral capability, self-efficacy, reciprocal determinism, observational learning, and expectations. Finally, the paper discusses whether the theory fits in Human Dignity-Centered conceptual framework.

Keywords: conceptual framework, human Dignity, ethical prism, Social Cognitive Theory, and business ethics.


Human Dignity-Centered Framework: Social Cognitive Theory (SCT)

Albert Bandura developed Social Cognitive Theory 1986. Social cognitive theory is the psychological behavior model that states that learning happens through observation in a social framework. According to this theory, people observe the resulting consequences of others and use those opinions to update their behaviors. The founder of SCT was absorbed with behavioral learning theories. As he approved the established operant conditioning and classic conditioning theories, he added more conditions to describe how people can learn from the social context. Apart from the mentioned conditions, his concept includes an intervening process between responses and stimuli and admitting that social behavior is acquired through the social and environment observations. It examines human development using feedback from reciprocal relations between environmental, personal, and behavioral factors (Kabadayi et al., 2019). Self-efficacy acts as the primary stimulator of motivated achievement.

Lutz-Bachmann (2018) shows that SCT can be broken into different constructs: self-efficacy, reciprocal determinism, observational learning, reinforcement or incentive motivation, outcome expectations, and behavioral capability. Legal and Ethical Foundations of SCT proposes that the individual’s motives and beliefs are made based on value verdicts. Stajkovic and Sergent (2019) reveals that based on SCT, individuals modify their conduct by continuously taking the self-assessment action of their behavior in contrast with environmental activities, which by description encompasses the ethical climate. This discussion examines the legal and ethical effects of the primary goal realization constructs within the SCT.

Literature Review

According to Lutz-Bachmann (2018), numerous conceptual speculations have been anticipated to explain human conduct. The standpoint on human nature characterized in such beliefs and the causal cycles they suggest have impressive introduction. The origination of human nature in which conceptual theories are established over a theoretical issue. As information acquired through presentation is used, the foundation handling the social activities have enormous ramifications. Hilgendorf (2018) characterizes the Social intellectual hypothesis as the learning theory entered on the guarantee that the setting encompassing somebody adds to lead, the individual is significant. Individuals learn by noticing others, climate, conduct, and perception as essential estimates that impact advancement a relative triadic association. Bandura clarifies the central thoughts of the theory through triadic proportional causality.

As communicated in this part, human Dignity implies that each individual has otherworldly worth that dwells in their embodiment is not a situational factor or an extra component (Borowski, 2021). In contrast to furniture or machines, individuals are closes in themselves and not an unfortunate chore. Social learning scholars accept that since individuals can learn through perception alone, their knowledge may not appear in their exhibition. These are associated with one another, and their impact can be directly connected with the individual or gathering mental behavior. According to Vourlekis (2017), it is imperative to perceive that the overall effects of cooperating factors on propelled conduct will change contingent upon various exercises, various people, and various conditions.

Human Agency

The social intelligence hypothesis is proposed in an agentic viewpoint, which recommends that people are self-creating, automatic, self-reflecting, and proactive rather than being formed by conditions or internal powers (Hilgendorf, 2018). In particular, the human office works in three modes. The model includes Individual Agency (an individual's impact on the climate), Proxy Agency (Individual's work on getting the person's advantages), and Collective Agency (Individuals collaborate to realize the benefits).

The idea of these encounters is vigorously subject to the kinds of social and actual conditions individuals select and develop. An agentic point of view cultivates lines of examination that give new bits of knowledge into the social development of the practical construction of the human mind (Pirson, Aksoy & Kabadayi, 2019). This is a domain of request where brain research can make particular crucial commitments to the biopsychosocial comprehension of human turn of events, variation, and change. The social-psychological hypothesis buys into a model of rising intuitive office (Vourlekis, 2017). To utilize Pirson, Aksoy and Kabadayi’s (2019) similarity, the remarkable growing properties of water, like smoothness, thickness, and honesty, are not just the total properties of its small segments of oxygen and hydrogen. Through their intelligent impacts, they are changed into new marvels. One should recognize the actual premise of thought and its deliberative development and practical use. The human brain is generative, imaginative, proactive, and intelligent, not simply receptive (Vourlekis, 2017). Psychological specialists control their activities by rational, descending causation, just as through vertical initiation by tangible incitement.

Human capacity

Vourlekis (2017) refutes that people are included with cutting-edge neural frameworks, which empower people to secure information and abilities by immediate and emblematic terms. To get familiar with specific conduct, individuals should comprehend the likely result on the chance they revise that conduct. The observer does not imagine the real disciplines brought about by the model yet expects comparable results while imitating the behavior, displaying impacts discernment and conduct.

Discussion and Implications

Individuals worldwide are without a doubt confronting a lot greater and more confounded issues than at any time in recent memory. The extension and criticalness of the arrangements expected to manage those issues are confirmed by the United Nations' immediate inclusion with their affirmation of the Development Goals. As discussed, Pirson, Aksoy and Kabadayi (2019) instituted another idea to feature the job administration associations in making and offering market-based answers for cultural issues. By spanning the administrations and humanistic administration written works, this paper built up a sound system. It proposed a typology where administration associations can utilize three distinct strategies to boost their social development endeavors.

Human Dignity-Centered Frameworks versus Social Cognitive Theory

It has been usually recognized that the idea of self-adequacy assumes a focal part in Social Cognitive Theory wherein the conviction that an individual is equipped for utilizing a specific framework impacts exhibition. It is prohibitive to sum up SCT as exclusively the idea of individual self-efficacy, prompting the meaning of a self-viability theory. Hilgendorf (2018) contents that the force of SCT does not live in finding the significance of self-viability yet instead in making unequivocal the intricacy of learning measures in which self-adequacy is personally interlaced with other psychological factors like result assumptions, passionate elements yet additionally singular conduct and ecological factors. Self-adequacy assumes a focal part in conduct execution. Onlookers who have an undeniable degree of self-adequacy are bound to embrace observational learning practices. For instance, understudies become more effortful, dynamic, focus, profoundly energetic, and better students when they see that they have dominated a specific errand. The educator should permit understudies to see in their adequacy by giving input to comprehend their degree of capability.

Inter-influence between self-efficacy and outcome expectations

SCT places that the conviction that an individual can play out a specific assignment impacts the impression of possible positive or adverse results and equally. The capacity to imagine the presumable results of forthcoming activities affects human inspiration and action. As a result, self-viability and result assumptions are indistinguishable ideas when utilizing SCT, in light of their synergic nature. Nonetheless, the writing survey uncovered that a couple of studies enveloped the two concepts in their investigations. Besides, it was likewise tracked down that the joining of both SCT and TAM led by and significant to combine the ideas of saw handiness and result from assumptions, which coordinates all SCT measurements: individual, conduct, and social and ecological. When utilizing both TAM and SCT, it appears to be that the thought of apparent convenience is a sub-build of result assumptions. Such discoveries raise the issue that coordinating a few theoretical foundations in a solitary system may prompt pertinence issues in which specialists are urged to be especially wary.

Lack of emotional considerations

SCT stresses the significance of the pretended by passionate elements. Undoubtedly, it is said that individuals' self-convictions of adequacy influence how much pressure and gloom they experience in undermining circumstances, just as their degree of inspiration. Scarcely any examinations thought about intense subject matters, proposing future exploration to research the pretended by passionate contemplations on psychological and social components. Earlier outcomes recommended that tension and stress responses are low when individuals adapt to assignments in their apparent self-viability range (Vourlekis, 2017). However, self-questions in adapting adequacy produce considerable expansions in emotional pain and physiological excitement. Such bits of knowledge merit further examination in IS.

An essential part of the experience

The bidirectional idea of causality expressed in SCT shows that presentation has consequences for both psychological and passionate elements, thus influencing future execution. Such an articulation reminds us that any learning cycle should be viewed as a fleeting and advancing wonder in which previous results become future sources of info. A couple of studies have considered fleeting viewpoints when exploring the capacity of a person to figure out how to play out a specific undertaking. For example, the conviction that an individual is equipped to go through with one particular self-adequacy.

SCT found within Biblical text

Observing the Law and Nature

Nature's language displays moral exercises. The magnificent articles are signs and vehicles of thoughts regarding God and life. The universe is God's phone framework, His excellent sign framework by which He streaks messages from the statures above to the most profound valleys underneath (Pirson, Aksoy & Kabadayi, 2019). The reality of nature uncovers the being of God; its limitlessness shows His Immensity; its consistency proclaims His Unity; its routineness reveals His unchangeableness; its assortment shows His exhaustlessness; its variations divulge His intelligence; and its satisfaction shows His Goodness (Pirson, Aksoy & Kabadayi, 2019). God spreads the word about himself through the regular request (Job 36:24).

According to Psa 19:1, the sky announces the wonder of God, the skies broadcast crafted by His hand. The Psalmist decided to look on the excellence of the Lord. These entangle complete consideration, maintenance, and inspiration. Likewise, Job encouraged his companions to gain from the birds and creatures (Job 12:7). The Psalmist implores: "Make me fully aware of seeing your law" (Psa 119:18). The law of God should be considered, contemplated, and followed up on for the most significant advantage. It will achieve consistent recharge of one's personality (Rom 12:1-3) and help in every single conduct adjustment. "Apology and responsibility would guarantee the life and the favors of God. Defiance would bring about their passing as a country.

The Conceptual Features of Human Dignity

It is alluring, however, no basic errand, to start reaching more broad inferences about human nobility as an idea and as the segment of regularizing banter. It is worth momentarily differentiating how people may move toward examining human respect with that of fundamental freedoms. Conversation of everyday spaces highlights established discussions concerning their good or political defense, a reasonable theory of rights, and fundamental liberties fitting to rehearse.

Interestingly, investigation of human poise needs such characterized boundaries since it is conceivable that is contending idea of human respect and not just encountering originations. It is not just that in academic discussion, many parts of the solitary ideas can be provided uncommon prominence or challenging justificatory systems for the equivalent, shared thought. Maybe, human poise may envelop genuinely unique and adversarial views. Therefore, meta-investigations of the employments of human nobility experience issues yielding conclusive examination of the idea's presuppositions and works, or have planned various capacities that are hard to stick (Mea & Sims, 2018). Holding the numerous elements of human nobility might be conceivable, best-case scenario, just through performative investigation (Hilgendorf, 2018) or family likeness examination (Pirson, Aksoy & Kabadayi, 2019). However, these include surrendering a solitary thought of human respect for depicting different neighborhood employments.

The Credibility of an Interstitial Concept

Interestingly, people would contend that the three standardizing fields of law, ethical quality, and governmental issues together propose the chance of an unmistakable central idea. The possibility of the total status of each individual can be held to outline our regulating rehearses. Undoubtedly, the greatness of this responsibility is to such an extent that it would need to be shown in the entirety of our social practices. Unmistakably, in any case, this is not without issues. Any possible safeguard of an IHD idea—one that, by definition, sits between and joins diverse standardizing rehearses—deals with the quick case of the molding presumptions of those orders and works on. This can be treated as a three-overlay issue. The legitimacy of any legitimate standard is restrictive on political will; the ethical defense of the thought requires further clarification and legitimization. A broad set of laws will mold the lawful idea itself, so it tends to be reliably operationalized inside the framework. These three issues are squeezing issues for any IHD guarantee decisively because the concept should profess to rise above these molding parts of our regulating rehearses.

In any case, it can be contended that the chance of an interstitial idea includes support inside the fields. For instance, the possibility of law and order is planned to bind together various legitimate and political guideline areas. Consequently, multiple scholars intently partner human respect and law and order (Hilgendorf, 2018). The human concern may well motivate more gainful and exact administrative practices, be they identified worldwide, social or procedural equity. On the off chance that law and order is the little interest that there be a decent match among guideline and office, more extensive projects conjoining law, morals, and legislative issues can be definitively communicated in the language of human respect given its bringing together capacity. The possibility of the legislative problems as an anomic practice is hard to safeguard. Eck and Turner (2019) reveals that law and governmental issues remain in a connection of beneficial co-constitution with governmental issues making law and overall sets of laws amending the substance of that law and managing political practices themselves—and best reproductions of the establishments of political practices and organizations are probably going to include the obligation to the sorts of formal suspicions related with human poise.

Furthermore, moral speculations can implement commitments that create institutional plans, and procedural components proposed to secure human nobility and render it inalienable in friendly frameworks (Bonefeld & Psychopedis, 2017). In aggregate, the three issues related to an IHD guarantee are not consistently acknowledged. They should not be treated as a nullification of interstitial cases as a rule or idea explicitly.

Conclusion and Future Research

Bandura's theory of observational taking distances itself from ecological determinism yet understands the reality individuals are affected by what or who they acutely see in their current circumstance. While taking into account the sub-interaction of inspiration, Bandura does not accept that that award or support should consistently be available before one's capacity to impersonate conduct can be enacted. He has introduced adjusted standards for understanding social realizing, which are priceless for clarifying and anticipating conduct and conduct change. This paper endeavored to show that Bandura's observational learning hypothesis is steady with the scriptural order and proof, particularly in kid observational learning, grown-up observational learning, and learning through nature and the law. A few scriptural entries were utilized to represent observational learning. The Bible demands that one draw in the entire being in the learning cycle. Complete consideration is essential for most extreme impartation. This hypothesis keeps on being applicable in numerous circles. Further contextual analyses would be required on various social classes and distinctive social and social settings to exhibit this scripturally reliable theory of observational learning.

References

Bonefeld, W., & Psychopedis, K. (2017). Human dignity: Social autonomy and the critique of capitalism. Human Dignity, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315253046-1

Eck, D., & Turner, S. (2019). Cognitive science and social theory. The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Sociology, 152-168. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190273385.013.9

Hilgendorf, E. (2018). Problem areas in the dignity debate and the ensemble theory of human dignity. Human Dignity in Context, 325-344. https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845264585-325

Kabadayi, S., Alkire (née Nasr), L., Broad, G. M., Livne-Tarandach, R., Wasieleski, D., & Puente, A. M. (2019). Humanistic management of social innovation in service (SIS): An interdisciplinary framework. Humanistic Management Journal, 4(2), 159-185. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41463-019-00063-9

Lutz-Bachmann, M. (2018). Human rights and human dignity. Human Dignity, 42-51. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315468297-3

Mea, W. J., & Sims, R. R. (2018). Human dignity-centered business ethics: A conceptual framework for business leaders. Journal of Business Ethics, 160(1), 53-69. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-018-3929-8

Pirson, M., Aksoy, L., & Kabadayi, S. (2019). Social innovation and the future of business and business education. Humanistic Management Journal, 4(2), 119-124. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41463-019-00076-4

Stajkovic, A., & Sergent, K. (2019). Social cognitive theory. Management. https://doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780199846740-0169

Vourlekis, B. S. (2017). Cognitive theory for social work practice. Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice, 173-205. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351327404-10

Borowski, A. (2021). On human dignity and social work. The British Journal of Social Work. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcab016

© 2021 Professor Dominic Mutua

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