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How Will Plants Grow in Space?

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How will plants grow in space?


When we think of space farming, we tend to focus on the logistical aspects of how it might work, including how it would impact the astronaut’s day-to-day health. However, there’s another important question that needs to be answered: How will plants grow in space? Although it seems like something that would have been thoroughly researched and tested by now, the truth is that no one really knows if plants will grow in micro gravity—although some astrobiologists are currently working on figuring out this very problem.

picture of Plants

The Space Environment

Space is a harsh environment, especially for plant life. Some astronauts who’ve grown plants in space report that it’s hard to know if something’s alive or not—the leaves tend to shrivel up and look dead. That’s because of low levels of carbon dioxide (about 10 percent of what we breathe) and other gases, which is thought to slow plant growth. It also means that oxygen might need to be recycled on board. And with no gravity, things like water can float away, so water storage containers would need a lid or tethers attached so they stay near their roots. Finally, some light is necessary for photosynthesis to occur—but too much can damage delicate leaf tissues.

The Importance of Plant Life

As living beings, humans require oxygen to survive. And while we don’t directly depend on plants for survival, they help make life on Earth possible. Plants clean our air and water, they absorb carbon dioxide (CO2) and release oxygen, which humans and animals breathe. This is called photosynthesis; a process by which plants use energy from sunlight to create glucose (sugar) and oxygen through chemical reactions with carbon dioxide from the air or water. The glucose is then stored for growth or converted into cellulose for long-term storage. Some of it also converts into other chemicals like lignin, a substance that gives plants their structure as well as flavonoids, phytochemicals with antioxidant properties that are important for healthy human development and immunity.

How Plants are Important for Humans?

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Expected Outcomes for Space Farming

Crews on long-duration missions such as a Mars trip would not have enough food to survive. In order to successfully colonize another planet, our survival must include sustainable plant life as well. The main reason that these crops are needed is because astronauts can’t carry their weight in food when they travel into deep space. To do so would take up too much mass and volume; therefore a system for growing food must be created to replace them. Currently, an experiment called Veg-01 is being conducted at Kennedy Space Center where scientists are trying different methods of farming aboard International Space Station (ISS). If successful, these methods could easily be scaled down for long term use outside of earth’s atmosphere. Here are some solutions that might work.

Plants are the partners of Humans

The Future of Space Farming and Gardening

It’s been nearly 60 years since John Glenn became America’s first man to orbit our planet. While it’s unlikely that NASA will be launching humans into space on a regular basis any time soon, that doesn’t mean we won’t ever again see people setting foot on other planets. And when we do, they’ll need crops and food to sustain them during their mission. So how are scientists planning to supply those first off-world pioneers with their daily veggies? Although, Scientists have achieved so many discoveries so far but this will bring them towards other planets. This will be a reason for humans to move in the spaces and to settle there for the spending the lives. This is the only problem, the people are thinking about. As the science has shown its rapid progress so we believe that the day is not far when this news will be heard by our ears .

VIVOSUN BAMBOO PLANT

© 2022 Ghulam Nabi Memon

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