Felisa Daskeo is a teacher by profession and a mother who has experienced various parenting strategies. She shares what she does as a parent
Start with good motivation
As young children go to higher levels in their education, they learn more and more real life situations. They learn about the family, the school, the community and other practical things that they encounter in their daily life.
One of the things that young children learn in preschool is the house. They need to learn about the parts of the house and the rooms. Although of course the children start learning about these things earlier in life at home.
Formal learning starts when the child finally goes to school. So the child learns about the house and its parts.
As a teacher, you have to make the lesson interesting for the young children because it is in the way you impart knowledge that is important.
When children are motivated properly before the lesson is taught, they are more likely to learn what you teach them.
The lesson is about the parts of the house so pictures are needed in order for them to see the model of the real thing.
You need an illustration of the parts of the house so that the children will see them clearly and associate them with what they see at home.
I’m sure most of the children know some of the parts of the house because they hear them at home but don’t expect all of them to know every part of the house.
To begin, show them a picture of a house with all the different parts properly illustrated.
The Main Parts of the House
Each Part of the House Serves a Purpose
1. Door - where we go in and out.
2. Roof – covers the house.
3. Ceiling – serves as the second roof
4. Wall – divides the house into rooms.
5. Post - Supports the house to make it strong.
6. Floor – the space where we walk and move around.
7. Stairs – this is where we go up and down.
8. Window – an opening where air and sunlight pass through.
When you have explained the uses of each part of the house, you have to test if the children understood the lesson.
There are some fun activities that you can include in your lesson plan to make the lesson fit the young children.
For the younger children who cannot read just show them the pictures and explain to them the uses of each part.
You need a house model with detachable parts. You can also use some drawings.
Remove all the parts of the house. Call the children and let them put back the parts one by one until the house is completed. No matter how they do it, what’s important is that each child participates in the activity and you are there to guide them. You should pay attention to the children who need more help because some children will be too disappointed once they aren’t able to fit in something or do something.
The purpose of the activity is for each child to learn by doing.
Matching the parts of the house
This can be done with activity sheets. For the younger children who cannot read the words yet, you can give them pictures to match. For the older children, even if they cannot read, you can let them match the pictures to the words with your guidance.
This is a fun activity that the children can enjoy. You can use art paper or A4 bond paper. Paper folding is easy for the children because it is very simple. Just give them one paper each then let them follow how you fold the paper.
First, fold the paper in the center, crosswise. Then get the edges on both side and let them meet at the center to make a triangle. Now, open the triangle and fold it again. Get the open edge and fold it back. Now you have a small triangle that looks like a roof.
Get another A4 paper and fold it four times to make a small rectangle. This will be the body of the house.
When the body and the roof are ready, you can give them another sheet of paper where they can paste the roof and the body.
When they are done you can tell the children to draw the door and the windows then they can color their houses.
You can let the children draw their house. This activity is for the older children who are able to draw objects. You can tell them to draw their dream house.
Older children can copy the parts of the house. They can also draw the parts opposite the words.