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How to Hunt for Rare and Beautiful Rocks and Minerals

Malachite & Chrysocolla purchased on eBay (at a very low price) before Chrysocolla became as popular and well known as it is today. I think I'll make a Bolo Tie with it.

Malachite & Chrysocolla purchased on eBay (at a very low price) before Chrysocolla became as popular and well known as it is today. I think I'll make a Bolo Tie with it.

Being a successful rock and gemstone hunter requires a knowledge of of the specific rock or gemstones and the type of environment they are found in.

Just saying that you're going to go out and find some turquoise today and then looking everywhere for it will not make you successful at finding turquoise.

If you really wanted to find turquoise, you would first need to learn all you could about turquoise and where it can be found. If you are from the United States, you may want to start in Arizona or Nevada.

Next you would want to find a location that has heavy copper deposits because copper is one of the minerals that are required to make turquoise.

You may wish to find your own deposits, however you will be much more successful if you look at locations where turquoise has already been found.

Many of these locations are off limits but are sometimes open to the public for special occasions. For example, once a year rock hounds are given the opportunity to hunt for rare, highly prized Bisbee turquoise at the Copper Queen Mine in Bisbee. For a small fee rock hounds are given 2 hours to search for this rare and beautiful turquoise by searching through freshly turned tailings from the mine.

Herkimer Diamond in Dolomite Limestone

Herkimer Diamond in Dolomite Limestone

Best Place to Find Local Rockhounding Sites

How do you find out about these great events and wonderful locations? The best place to start is your local gem or mineral club.

Your local gem or mineral club can be a valuable resource for finding rocks and gems in your area.

These clubs have "old timers" that are happy to pass on their knowledge and experience to members of the club.

Rock and mineral clubs can also make special arrangements to get into areas that are normally closed to the public, providing once in a lifetime opportunity.

One of my favorite places I was able to visit was the Johnson Mine located 65 miles east of Tucson, Arizona.

This mine is usually closed to visitors however at the time I was a member of the Old Pueblo Lapidary Club. They had made special arrangements to let us visit and collect mineral specimens at the mine.

I was able to find some wonderful Chrysocolla in quartz with veins of copper running through it.

In one section of the mine I was picking up pieces of what appeared to be limestone and found a piece that was very heavy for it's size. Taking my rock hammer I broke the rock in half exposing some beautiful clusters of Pyrite with crystals approximately 1/4" in size.

There were quartz crystals specimens in beautiful clusters specimens also found at the mine.

Not only did we get the opportunity to collect some amazing mineral specimens we also were able to learn about the mine from one and it's history from the workers at the mine.

Don't forget to check the internet to look for information about local rockhounding sites.

An online list of over 900 U.S. Gem, Mineral, Lapidary, Fossil, rock clubs, guilds, associations, and societies has been compiled and maintained by rockhound Karen Williams and can be found at

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The Greatest Chance for Success

Taking advantage of the work others have already done is one of the easiest ways to be successful at collecting rocks and gemstones.

Here are just a handful of places you can pay to collect your favorite rock or gemstone:

Oregon Sunstones

Spectrum Sunstone Mine, located near Plush, Oregon offers the opportunity to find some fantastic Oregon Sunstone.

The mine offers a pile of unprocessed ore that you may collect from for free all day. If you wish to collect a second day, adults are charged $50 per day and children are free.

There are special areas that are provided for those who wish to do some serious collecting and are willing to pay the additional fees.

Cabin and tipi accommodations are available if you wish to pay to stay overnight.

Herkimer Diamonds in New York

Herkimer Diamonds aren't really diamonds at all but beautiful clear quartz crystals that look like diamonds to the untrained eye.

You can collect Herkimer Diamonds at the Ace of Diamonds Mine and Campground.

The season opens April 1st and ends October 31st.

Mining fees per day:

$4.50 age 7 and under
$9.50 age 8 and up

Camping Fees:

$15 per campsite for 2 people
Plus $1 for each additional person
Plus $4 for a site with electricity

Woodward Ranch Plume Agate in Texas

Update: This location was sold and is no longer open to the public.

One of the most famous agates in the United States is the Woodward Ranch Red Plume Agate. This is simply amazing material and it's no wonder it's one of the favorites among collectors.

For those who don't want to go out collecting for themselves, there is a gift shop and special specimen area where you can purchase the rocks that are found on the ranch.

The Woodward Ranch is one of the few Texas ranches open to the public. This is a fully operational cattle ranch!

There is a $5.00 fee to go rock hunting on the ranch.

Diamond Collecting in Arkansas

Crater of Diamonds State Park is the only place in the United States that you can collect diamonds. Unlike some gemstone collecting locations there is no fee to keep what you find. If you find it, it's yours!

Fees are very affordable and are good for the entire day!

Currently the fees are:

Adults: $7

Children ages 6 through 12: $4

Children under 6 are FREE

Organized groups of 15 or more get a special half off discount if they notify the park in advance.

Precious Opal in Northern Nevada

Virgin Valley in northern Nevada is the home of some of the most beautiful fire opal available in the United States.

The Bonanza Opal Mines offers rock collectors the opportunity to collect some of these outstanding opals.

The fee is $60.00 per person per day. Children 12 and under are FREE with paid adult.

Public Rock Collecting Locations

Many of the prime rock and gem collecting areas in the Western Untied States have been closed to collecting due to recent legislation declaring many of these areas national parks and monuments.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management manages many areas that are ideal for rock and gem collecting. Some of these areas are set aside specifically for rock collecting.

Be aware that many of these locations require a fee and that there are usually specific regulations regarding the collecting of rocks and gems.

Along with specific regulations imposed by the BLM, there are also regulations that are imposed by states such as how much material may be removed.

The following are a few areas that may still be open for collecting. Be sure to check the latest regulations to make sure collecting is still allowed in these areas.

Fire Agate in Arizona

The Black Hills Rockhound Area has been set aside by the BLM for collecting of Fire Agate.

Fire Agate has exhibits flashes of light very similar to opal however it is much harder and more durable than precious opal.

Topaz and Other Gems at Topaz Mountain in Utah

Topaz Mountain in Utah is a great place to find the Utah State Gemstone, Topaz. There are also quite a number of other gemstones available for collecting including amethyst, beryl, bixbyite, garnet, hematite, opal, and pseudobrookite.

Do not collect on marked claims.

Editors Note: I recently moved near Topaz Mountain. I can't wait to start exploring!

Topaz Mountain, Utah

A View of Topaz Mountain

Gypsum from Colorado Springs, Colorado

Gypsum from Colorado Springs, Colorado

Easiest and Least Expensive Method for Collecting Rocks and Gems

There is nothing like the thrill of travelling with your friends to remote locations and finding wonderful rocks and gems. Unfortunately these trips can be quite costly with no guarantee that you will ever find anything.

For those who are unable to travel, by far the easiest and least expensive method for collecting rocks and gems is to do it online. Online rock collecting can be fun and exciting and costs much less than the travel costs associated with going on site to collect.

One of the best places to get your rocks and gems is on eBay. If you would like to browse the entire category it is easiest to get to it by clicking on "Browse by category" from the home page of eBay.

Next click on "See all categories". At this point you will be given a huge number of categories to choose from. Scroll down until you see "Collectibles" and then select "More" under that category.


Local Rockhounding Surprises: Sometimes You Just Get Lucky

For consistent results finding rocks and gems it takes a good knowledge of the type of rock you are looking for and the local geography.

Fortunately there are times you just get lucky. I live less than a mile where luck struck a local optometrist. Note: I've moved since the writing of this article.

In February 2000, Dr. Sheldon Johnson was leveling a hill on his property in St. George, Utah.

As he was working an object appeared that looked like a dinosaur track. Fortunately he stopped to investigate.

It was later relieved that Dr. Sheldon had uncovered a location where thousands of tracks were made by dinosaurs as well as other animals.

This discovery contained some of the oldest and best-preserved tracks in the world. The discovery contains one of only 5 sitting dinosaur impressions in the world. The discovery also shows signs of the dinosaurs swimming.

Now scroll down until you find Rocks, Fossils & Minerals.

From here you will be able to see the listing for that category or you can continue down to the following subcategories.

  • Crystals & Mineral Specimens
  • Fossils
  • Lapidary Materials
  • Meteorites & Tektites
  • Publications
  • Shells
  • Stone Carvings
  • Merchandise & Memorabilia
  • Other

Now that you have found your area of interest it's time to start hunting!

Finding Locations on Your Own

If your not looking for anything in particular and just want the opportunity to find something new here are some great places to look:

Road Cuts: These are prime locations to look for rocks, gems and fossils. Be sure to obey all traffic laws and check your local regulations before collecting in these areas.

Steep Slopes and Washes: Look for newly exposed soil and rock.

Rest Areas: Look for rocks in the surrounding area as you stretch your feet. You may be surprised what's waiting for you!

Landscape Companies: Local landscape companies often have some amazing rocks that come from the local area to collect. Many companies will let you collect by the five gallon bucket for very reasonable rates. I have found some wonderful deals this way, sold part on eBay and kept the best for myself!

The inside of the dinosaur museum showing a long line of dinosaur tracks.

The inside of the dinosaur museum showing a long line of dinosaur tracks.

The Latest Track Discovery

In 2012 the road outside the museum was widened to make room for increased traffic. The cut on the far side of the road contained additional discoveries that have yet to be investigated.

Slabs from the road cut above that are waiting to be documented and investigated.

Slabs from the road cut above that are waiting to be documented and investigated.

This road cut is the site of the latest dinosaur track discovery across the street from the Johnson Farm dinosaur track museum.

This road cut is the site of the latest dinosaur track discovery across the street from the Johnson Farm dinosaur track museum.

A large dinosaur track displayed outside the museum.

A large dinosaur track displayed outside the museum.

A small dinosaur track displayed outside the museum.

A small dinosaur track displayed outside the museum.

© 2013 Marty Andersen


Cindy Fahnestock-Schafer from Hedgesville, WV on March 24, 2019:

Hi Marty this is amazing work, and I really liked the part about the dinosaur. Maybe you can take a look at this, it's so much more than rocks. I will never look at them the same again.

Marty Andersen (author) from Salina, Utah on January 07, 2013:

Wow! I would love to go to Alaska and pan for gold. Several of my friends used to pan for gold near Tucson, AZ. I wish I would have went with them. It sounds like lots of fun.

Mary Craig from New York on January 07, 2013:

The thrill of the hunt! Searching for and finding rare and beautiful rocks is a great family pass-time and as you mentioned can be very rewarding. We went panning for gold in Alaska and though we only found a spec of dust, the experience was fun and memorable.

You've provided great information on places to go and I especially loved the dinosaur information and picture.

Voted up, useful, and interesting.

Aman Thakur from India on January 03, 2013:

Hello Flash,

I liked your hub very much. You have really gathered some superb rocks with their locations. I loved the Malachite & Chrysocolla rock the most from the above list.

Voting this hub up and useful.

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on January 03, 2013:

These rocks are amazing. When I was a little girl I was given a collection of beautiful rocks for a birthday gift. I would spend hours admiring them and then research them to find out more. I would so love to find my own especially some of the unique ones you have shown here.

I live in Florida so will research and see if we have any amazing rocks here.

Thanks for sharing this. Happy New Year on day three of the 2013. Sending Angels to you and yours. :) ps

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