Ms. Inglish has 30 years experience in medicine, psychology, STEM instruction, history, and aerospace education for USAF Civil Air Patrol.
Introduction to Biometrics
Biometric as a word is a combination of biology and metric. Biology is the study of life and metric is about measurement. Hence, biometrics is the study and measurement of biological data. In the 2010s, biometrics are used largely for identification purposes.
Biometrics is a system of now-automated methods used to officially recognize a person based on a biological or behavioral characteristics. This ID can include the face, fingerprints, palmprints, foot prints, handwriting, iris and retina, veins, voiceprints, gait, the bacteria left by the fingers on a keyboard, implant serial numbers, blood types, DNA, and many others.
Biometric technologies are becoming vital to security and military ID and personal verification.
Scientist and author Arthur C. Clarke predicted that after 2100, immortality would be understood scientifically and guaranteed to human beings as a physical certainly. Interestingly, his Robot series of novels and his especially good Bicentennial Man examined the definition of humanity and ended with legal human being-ness granted to Andrew the former robot/android.
It is possible, given the growing number of minority groups recognized with human rights and debate currently and argument over the sentient characteristics of some animals, all coming before a mass utilization of robot helpers likely in the offing in the 21st C - on earth and in outer space. that the outcome of Bicentennial Man may be realized by 2050.
Humans will likely not like enjoy sharing their status with machines or (biological-machine) cyborgs and religions may become (possibly more) confusing, given these events. Biometrics will take on additional meanings.
Considering the increasing numbers of security and surveillance cameras watching the earth from the ground and the skies (also predicted by Clarke and he was told he was crazy), added to expanding Biometrics, no human or cyborg can be likely afforded much privacy in the next decades.
- Fingerprints from Ancient Egypt to New Scotland Yard
Fingerprinting became a familiar police procedure in Sherlock Holmes novels that began as serials in the Strand magazine of the late 1800s. We've also discovered that the Egyptians of 3000 BC used them as business ID, just as banks do today.
- Careers in Criminology - A Top Career for 2010 - 202...
If you watch the CSI series on TV, you are watching criminology at work. Criminology is an important science in the field of sociology that can help prevent future crimes and help prisons to become rehabilitative.
What are other purposes of this science?
Science is pressing ahead, given funding, in the fields of genetic research, medicines and other drugs, disease control and elimination, biological-machine interfaces, prosthetics, biological warfare, "green" oil production, space exploration, and other areas of government and private interest. For example, some bacteria can eat away the BP oil spill of 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico. Algae can be transformed into oil as a substitute for fossil fuels.
Bio-machine interfaces have been explored in science fiction for generations, Anne McCaffrey's The Ship Who Sang began a series of novels in 1969 on the subject. In 2011's Fringe television series, one scientist attempted to download his dead colleague's psyche and essence into a computer, unsuccessfully. Interestingly, the part of the colleague was played by Leonard Nimoy, the Vulcan Spock of Star Trek®, who downloaded his essence into Dr. McCoy for safekeeping in Star Trek: The Wrath of Khan in 1982. The Borg cyborg, human-machine hive entities appeared in Star Trek:The Next Generation in 1989.
The concept of "cyborg" is most often attributed to scientists at Rockland (New York) State Psychiatric Hospital in the mid-to-late 1950s. Manfred Clines and Nathan Kline planted a chemical dosage administrator, a small machine, into the end of the tail of a lab rat to manipulate its physiological functions. This event was attached to their research paper Drugs, Space and Cybernetics, presented to the Psychophysiological Aspects of Space Flight Symposium of Air Force School of Aviation Medicine at San Antonio, Texas in May 1960.
Biometrics has been involved space flight and war, long-term.
The Cold War and UFO sightings were rampant and the US was attempting to beat the USSR into space at this time. However, biometrics also resulted in such useful appliances as the implanted insulin pump for diabetics as well. Space has led to some useful medical advances and is likley to continue to do so in missions to Mars and perhaps the moon, given the rise of privatized space flight.
A Rose from Hubble
Cyborgs of 1942
During the Golden Age of Comics, Robotman was a star in 1942. In the storyline, he was the creation of scientists Robert Crane and Charles Greyson. These men discovered a way to store human organs within a robot. Because of the murder of Crane by the underworld, Greyson inserted the Crane brain into Robotman.
To date, this may be the oldest reference to a bio-machine interface yet found.
If man in space, in addition to flying his vehicle,must continuously be checking on things and making adjustments merely in order to keep himself alive, he becomes a slave to the machine.
The purpose of the Cyborg, as well as his own homeostatic systems, is to provide an organizational system in which such robot-like problems are taken care of automatically and unconsciously, leaving man free to explore, to create, to think, and to feel.
— Clines and Kline, May 1960, in "Drugs, Space and Cybernetics"
American Biometrics Jobs Increase
American job listings in Biometrics have generally increased from 2006 to 2013, but by 2020, the American military services had consistently pushed the use of biometrics for defense purposes, creating more jobs.
In April 2011, 2,000 jobs in Biometrics were open, and in October 2013 nearly 4,000 such jobs were posted, During August 2020, nearly 8,000 such positions were advertised on Glassdoor and Indeed websites.
American Biometrics Job Listing Trends
- Harding Security Associates
- General Dynamics
- Booz Allen Hamilton
- Northrop Grumman
- Gilead Sciences
- Omnicare Clinical Research
- CACI International
- BAE Systems
Highest Demand Job Titles In Biometrics
- Heath Screeners
- Data Managers
- Security and Intelligence Analysts
- SAS Programmers for Clinical Research
- Biometric Software Systems Architects
- Engineers - Several fields.
- Firmware Developers
- Biometrics Technicians
- Project Managers
- Sr. Biostatisticians
- Army modernizes its biometric processing capabilities | Article | The United State
Army modernizes its biometric processing capabilities
- Biometrics | Homeland Security
Biometrics are unique physical characteristics, such as fingerprints, that can be used for automated recognition. At the Department of Homeland Security, biometrics are used to detect and prevent illegal entry into the U.S., grant and administer prop
Journal of the International Biometric Society
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2011 Patty Inglish MS
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 15, 2015:
Thamk you! biometrics are very important today.
Star Link Communication Pvt Ltd from D-88/4, Okhla Phase I, Okhla Industrial Area, New Delhi, Delhi - 110020 on May 14, 2015:
This article is provide very informative information about biomertics, in this world biometric is very useful & our daily need. Thanks for share this article of hubpages.
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on May 04, 2011:
I'm glad it made sense! But I don't think you're ordinary :)
Hello, hello, from London, UK on May 04, 2011:
It must be such an interesting job. Thank you for such a splendid hub and well worded to be understood by ordinary mortals like me. I ws fascinated reading it.
The Loan Arranger on April 26, 2011:
Scary stuff - great hub though