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How Were the Pyramids Built?


Ancient Egyptians building pyramids may have been claimed to have driven giant blocks of rocks across the desert and moisturized the sand before large objects were extracted. In Amsterdam, university physicists studied the forces required to drag massive artifacts on a wide slide through the desert sand. They also found that hydrating sand before a rudimentary instrument reduces pressure and stimulates activity. These discoveries contribute to persistent historical mysteries: how the Egyptians could achieve the nearly difficult job of constructing the legendary pyramids.

Scientists used the observations of ancient Egyptians to make their observations. The wall drawing, discovered in Djehutihotep 's old tomb around 1900 B.C., depicts one hundred and seventy-two men with a substantial trail-lined statue. On the drawing, a person on the front of the sleigh is seen pouring water over the sand, says Daniel Bonn, lead author of the study at the University of Amsterdam, Professor of Physics. Bonn and his team designed miniature sleds and sand trays for the inspection of bulky items. When the researchers dragged the trails over the desert, they found that clumps had been installed, needing extra strength.

Therefore, the water on the sand improved its hardness, and the sleds could quickly roll across the surface. Scientists have said that water droplets build bridges between grains of sand, allowing them to stay together. Bonn claims that the use of wet sand is ideal for creating a castle than dry sand. However, the researchers considered the equilibrium to be fragile. "If you use dry sand, it won't work as well, so if it's too warm, it won't work," Bonn said. "Here's an optimal rigidity."

The amount of water needed depends on the sand form. The optimum quantity decreases typically by 2 percent to 5 percent of the sand content, however. "The wetting of desert sand from Egypt could minimize friction by a little and means about half of the people have to pull on the wet sand as opposed to dry sand," said Bonn. The letters reported on 29 April on the physical analysis demonstrate how ancient Egyptians constructed pyramids but have new applications. The results could increase these products' transportation performance by recognizing researchers' actions on other granular resources, such as concrete and gas.


In the early days, the pyramids were made of stone. Calastone was the preferred material for these pyramids' main body, while the higher standard Calastone was used for the outer box in Tura (near modern Cairo). In Aswan's vicinity, granite was used to construct architectural components such as Portcullis and the burial chamber's roofs and walls. Granite was commonly present in the outer case, as in the Menkaure pyramid. There were layers of stone inside the pyramid, but this arrangement was less robust than the stones' horizontal pile. The Bent Pyramid in Dahshur recommends that these two design strategies be changed through a new process. The lower part consists of holes, and the upper part of the stones is horizontally positioned.

Pyramid construction techniques have again been modified in the Middle Kingdom. Many of the pyramids built around this period were mud-brick mountains surrounded by a polished calcareous furnace. In many cases, later pyramids were built on the natural hills to minimize the material they used. The building materials and techniques used in the early pyramids made their existence much better than the pyramid monuments of later Pharaohs.

Egyptian archaeologists found a 4,500year-old ramp structure to remove alabaster stones from the quarry, and sources indicated that it might provide insight into how the Egyptians built the pyramids. Although the ramp mechanism is an important technical discovery, the pyramid link remains relatively long. At the French Institute of Oriental Archeology and Liverpool University, archeologists have uncovered the ramp's remains at Hatnub, located in the Eastern Desert, in an ancient alabaster quarry. The ramp's structure goes back to Pharaoh Khufu, who built the Great Pyramid in Giza.

Many Egyptians already believe that Egyptians have also used ramp systems built from pyramids, but conclusions about their types remain simple. Cooney said that specialists could potentially use direct ramps up the pyramid's outer wall, ramps across the walls, or ramps in the pyramid itself. Although the discovery of the ramp structure in the alabaster canyon teaches us a lot about the Egyptian understanding of technology, it does not address the significant questions of how the pyramids were designed. Moreover, that is what the ancient Egyptians wanted. Just as "any authoritarian regime will hide its secrets as long as it can," Cooney points out, Egyptian citizens have deliberately left no record of their pyramids. "The pyramids are like the mountains of stone, showing the earthly existence of their god-kings.

The Anglo-French team discovered a unique ramp at Hatnub, another rock quarry in Egypt's eastern desert, cut to the ground that showed some remarkably sophisticated technical achievements. It was quite steep for one thing, but most importantly, it was flanked by stairs on both sides. These stairs were marked by repeated holes that could hold wooden posts. Another scholar who participated in the expedition, Roland Enmarch, noted that the post-hole climbers' designs indicated a specific type of rope and poultry scheme. Related sweater mechanisms are well documented in Greek science, but they date back to 2000 years. Since the particular ramp is cut into the rock itself, the actual Great Pyramid may not have been constructed.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Michael