Because of global warming, many coastal places and villages are in danger of being submerged in the water bodies. Mangroves are one of the reasons why this has not happened yet. Without them, there is little chance of saving them from being destroyed completely.
When you reforest with mangroves, the mud in the mangroves reduces the force of the sea. The water body will have problems and it will not be able to attack the settlements near the water bodies effectively.
They not only protective barrier between the land the sea but also cultivate wildlife and sea life.
It is pretty easy. Put the seed in the ground. Take a few steps forward and repeat, that’s it. It is mostly done during the day as it is beneficial for the plant. At first, they are small and they grow very big.
They also provide economic benefits as a lot of them have oysters in their roots.
They mostly grow along the coastline and only type of trees to thrive in saltwater. The nutrient-rich sheltered water also provides nursery habitats for numerous marine species.
The most amazing aspect is that it acts as a filtering system of water. Their tangled root system filters dirty water as it flows into the sea.
The other key function of the mangrove is that it acts as a natural carbon store and they are significant in that function. They typically store far more carbon than terrestrial forests.
All trees need carbon dioxide to grow, as they absorb it from the atmosphere carbon becomes locked in the trees' leaves, branches, and roots. Parts of the tree will eventually fall off into the soil where they will decompose. They will then release some of the carbon dioxides back into the atmosphere.
But mangroves are different, their tangled network of roots traps their carbon-rich plant material in their water-logged soil, sealing it from the atmosphere. This vault of carbon can remain secure for a long time as long as the mangrove forest remains intact.
The real problem is that only half of the world’s mangroves currently remain. The main cause of human impact. In the past, it was shrimp farming, removal of trees, and presently palm-oil plantation. Other reasons include coastal development of hotels and roads, in developing countries for extraction of fuelwood and timber. It is estimated that all mangroves would disappear within the next 100 years.
The main challenge lies that a lot of people are dependent on these mangroves for their livelihood. The solution is to find means of conserving that will fund conservation. One way is to sell the organic matter stored within their soil. With this, we can convert the biomass to carbon and well can tell how much carbon they have. These can be further converted into carbon dioxide equivalents that can be traded in the market. We can sell the mangroves forests’ ability to sequester carbon on what is known as voluntary carbon-credit market.
All individuals and industries produce carbon knowingly or unknowingly. Rich countries especially do it more. To counter the damaging effect people can calculate how many tonnes of carbon they emit and offset this by paying carbon-capture initiatives, like planting trees that will remove carbon from the atmosphere.
This carbon offsetting is considered controversial because some people will use it as an excuse for climate emergency inaction. But, this is just one small part that is the response to climate breakdown.
Now, if the selling of carbon credit is done correctly, this provides the poor communities that live near these forests to not cut down the forests but instead grow it more and the more they grow, the more carbon credits they will have to sell and more income they will eventually have.
As these forests benefit the growth of the fish population, the fishermen benefit from this as well. As it is their main source of income they will be able to provide their children with education and food to eat. Also they can help improve their families financial situation with the extra income generated with buying good facilities like kitchen that run on gas pipeline instead of firewood, better equipment ot hunt which will in turn result in more income.
Climate change is our generation’s biggest challenge. It is not a one-stop solution but if nothing is done nothing will happen.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2021 Siddharth