Chinyere is a renowned teacher. she has taught for 10 years in basic school. she take great pleasure in developing children ability.
Why do I send my children to school? Why does the teacher teach? You can agree that these questions focus on the usefulness of education and learning to the learner and society. I send my children to school because I believe the school can deposit desirable attitudes, skills, knowledge, and behaviors in them. Likewise, the teacher teaches impacting concepts and principles which will positively affect the learner's behavior.
Thus, parents, government, teachers, citizens all believe that learning gained in school should help the learner to progress further in school and to be able to solve real-life problems. It can only work if the school can give its students learning experiences that will help them face the challenges in school and later in life, then it can not justify its existence.
I think all knowledge gained in school should affect further activities at school and outside the school. You ought to aim at producing self-reliant students. Students who can use the knowledge acquired to survive in society. Transfer of learning is the cornerstone upon which the educational systems rest.
Read on to know how you can promote the positive transfer of learning in school.
What is transfer of learning?
Transfer of learning is the carryover of learning experiences in one situation into other learning experiences. It is the influence a person's idea has on his acquired skill and performance in his present task. If a student carries over his learning of addition and subtraction of money in school to a real-life shopping situation where he gives or takes balances, then there has been a learning transfer.
When we think of transfer of learning, we usually consider how one learning experience strengthens another. We need to realize that some learning experiences do weaken others. Furthermore, the transfer may be positive if it facilitates our learning in future activities. It may be contrary if it interferes with another. It is also possible that there may be no effect at all learning one material on another.
What is the importance of the transfer of learning?
- The learner will be able to make future use of past and present knowledge without starting all over again. The positive transfer makes learning quicker and simple for the learner. A learner derives personal satisfaction and gets a sense of fulfillment if he finds his school learning purposeful.
- Teaching becomes more rapid when the teacher can use his learners' previous skills in his new lesson. She would not have to start all over again when she is teaching a new topic. She continues from her learner's past ideas.
- Implementation of acquired skills. If the citizens of a nation can make proper use of their school learning in developing the country, then the billions spent on education won't have been a waste.
How do you know that learning transferred is positive?
Positive transfer of learning is the ability to use the previous experience to facilitate the performance of a new task. It is the assistance of learning a new material supported on the entry behavior of the learner during a current one.
Positive transfer of learning is paramount in education. For example, solving addition in school can help a child learn multiplication. When you use your skills in badminton to play lawn tennis, you have transferred your learning experiences in badminton to lawn tennis. It is best when the child can apply the concepts, skills, theories, rules, and principles he has learned in other lessons within the subject to other subjects and real life.
Eight ways teaching can promote positive transfer.
- School learning should be purposeful
- Call the learner's attention to similarities between present, previous, and future learning
- Encourage step-step mastery in learning
- Emphasize understanding of concepts and principles
- Give a variety of tasks and examples
- Help the students to learn how to learn
- Encourage self-discovery among the pupils
- Help the child to develop and transfer a positive attitude to learning.
School learning should be purposeful:
Learning is not purposeful if the learners can not implement what they learned by solving problems. It makes learning useless. Therefore, you have to consider specific objectives in your lesson. Have it in mind that school learning should not be for passing examinations only. It should be a means to further performances and living. Likewise, it is wise for you to let them know how the lesson or task will help them later in school or life. With that, learning becomes purposeful.
2. Call the learners attention to similarities between present, previous, and future learning.
Relate what you teach to previous and future learning. Transfer occurs when there is a connection between similar experiences. Let them know that presents make future and previous if they value it. Therefore, the necessity of building the recent opportunity to take a chance that will determine another future.
3. Encourage step-by-step mastery in learning.
Encourage the students to master each skill, concept, and principle before learning another. With the ability of the learners to understand the skills, facts, principles, they become available for transfer to new situations. Moving from known to unknown is the simplest way to make learning transferable.
4. Emphasize understanding of concepts and principles
Concepts, rules, and principles make it necessary-for learners to apply a single idea in many situations. To solve problems of infractions, let them use the knowledge of BOD MAS. If it is well understood, you have to use concrete examples, illustrations, models, graphs, pictures, diagrams for further demonstrations. Through your emphasis, make them understand concepts and principles rather than mere memorization.
5. Give a variety of tasks and examples.
A variety of experiences during learning promotes transfer. You should, therefore, present a variety of relevant examples and tasks for whatever the student is learning. Numerous examples in the teaching of skills and concepts are considerably good. Such should be related to the direct and daily experiences of the child. The child requires the opportunity to use his knowledge in a variety of ways.
6. Help the pupils to learn how to learn.
A child who knows how to learner can transfer the knowledge to other learning that he faces. Specifically, project work is vital in helping students develop the learning skills of identifying the problem, clarifying it, collecting information to solve them, and presenting the findings. Children do not have to spend all of their time acquiring data. They get to at least have a few opportunities to gain experience using what they have learned.
7.Encourage self-discovery among the students.
In addition to helping students find solutions to problems through project work, you ought to instill the desire to make discoveries. They can achieve it by being alert to new ideas and reinforcing them. Create a conducive classroom environment, encourage and evaluate self-initiated learning.
8. Help the child to develop and transfer a positive attitude to learning.
Children can transfer approaches and emotions from one situation to another. Gratifying experiences can bring about positive characters towards learning. Praise the children for their efforts and achievements, especially when they solve problems under their initiative. Make them realize that a task that seems unpleasant or dull will lead to a future result that will be useful and pleasant. They should see issues as challenges, not a danger. Guide them to tackle with all the knowledge at disposal, rather than obstacles to avoid.
Do you agree with me that positive transfer of learning is the main reason we study?
© 2021 Chinyere Okoye