Chinyere's passion for children is sentimental. She extends her love to anyone who needs it,
I noticed that some children are academically bright like other children. But have some learning problems which prevent them from coping with their school work. These children find it hard to prove the degree to which the concept of learning has attained.
Probably, there are some challenges in speech and emotion causing inhibitions. For instance, the English language is a foreign language. It is different from our various native languages. Since it is the official language, we are obliged to study, write and speak it.
However, the indigenous languages often may interfere with the foreign language, especially in articulation. You know that young children socialize in their mother tongue before coming to school to learn English. Some of them who could not speak English are going to show language disorder.
A bright child who is learning English may not perform above average due to weakness in language disorder. A child who has speech defeat equally may not perform above average. Learning disability describes different kinds of learning problems like; learning to talk, read, write, do arithmetic, etc.
Learning disabled children have average or even above-average intelligence. They have specific learning difficulties in either writing, reading, arithmetic, and listening. Or a combination of these aspects. Read on to grab how to aid a child with learning.
What signs does a learning disable child show?
You can notice the learning disabled child in your classroom by observing the following behaviors, which form their characteristics.
Children with learning disabilities get bored when they do not understand a lesson.
They copy from the work of brighter children. Give up trying, especially when they are not encouraged.
They will not hand in their exercise books when asked to do so. Try to hide their problems by misbehaving in the class.
They usually find excuses to leave the classroom during difficult lessons.
They sleep when they get bored with class activities. Resort to disruptive behaviors and bullying.
Can I identify a learning disable child?
Of course! You can identify a learning disabled child before he starts showing his weaknesses. At the onset of the academic session, I adopt observation techniques to trace out the feeble children.
You ought to possess skills that will help you to distinguish children with learning difficulties. You should not confuse a learning disability with mental retarded. Mental retard children are below average in intelligence, and they have a problem in learning tasks.
As a keen and observant teacher, I would certainly notice any child in my class who shows any of the characteristics explained above. Your observation should always be specific. I can identify a learning disabled child by rating him through the following questions.
- Is the child often confused and unstable to understand simple language?
- Has the child had unusual difficulty in following simple oral instruction?
- Does he make short incomplete sentences?
- Does the child participate in classroom discussion?
- Is he unable to retell stories in proper sequence or talk about experiences in the home? And classroom?
- Does the child write words and letters backward or awkwardly?
- Does the child have difficulty using his eyes and hands together, as in throwing and catching?
- Is he unable to read simple books?
Speech and Language Disorder.
A speech and language is a disorder when it departs from the way people, regarded as the standard. The departure shows in the way you express it and how it calls undue reaction of the listener to the speaker.
The way a child pronounces the word may give you an indication that he deviates from the way it should be.
Examples of speech/language disorders include stammering, fast speech, high voice(men), low voice (women), and sometimes loud and sometimes-low- speech of a deaf child. Children with these disorders are children with communication problems.
Children having speech/language disorders have identifiable characteristics
- Mispronunciation of vowels/ consonants
- Nasalized speech
- Prolongation or repetition of sound
- Pitch level too high or too low
- Permanent loss of voice
- Omission of some sounds
- Speaking very fast.
What do I do if my child has a speech disorder?
Some children mispronounce L as R and would call Love Rove. There are tribes where certain English vowels/ consonants are not in their mother tongue. Children from such tribes are likely to have wrong pronunciation problems,
Furthermore, if your child has difficulty in speech, give him extra help. Get a private tutor to guide him on his sound articulations. Let him do more language activities to enable him to adapt to the standard speech mode.
Some children talk as if they are speaking through the nose. Usually, such children have problems with speech apparatus.
Consequently, they do not round up their words at times. It is difficult to understand some children's stammer. They drag some words. One can see the agony and pain involved in trying to be fluent in speech.
Some children miss out on some sounds in their speech, probably, because they do not develop the speech apparatus. There is a speech in a speech/ language considered normal when a child exceedingly omits it. It indicates a stuttering disorder.
Rights of a learning disable
Speech/ Language disorder
Helping a learning disabled child.
I recollect vividly encountering many learning disabled children during my time as a teacher. I have the urge to make them improve. To see them perform like every other active child of their age. I believe that children in early childhood are still in the developmental stage. However, there is each disposition that a speech disorder child may develop before his 18.
I assign my skills into action to help each of them get to where they should be intellectual. Leaving the child behind shows your weakness as a teacher. I think of a suitable technique for each lesson topic to keep the child stable.
What I usually do is consider them when I am drafting a lesson plan. I assure I have adequate teaching aids that will magnet their attention. Let me give you a step-by-step guide on how I managed to help disabled children reach an intellectual peak.
- Think of a song or story that matches the topic of the lesson. I get into the class with a cheerful look. Start the song to gain their attention. In the process, observe them, find out if they are listening. Having succeeded in drawing their attention, I chip in on the topic of the lesson.
- I use motivation to inspire them more to remain in focus. I praise often. Furthermore, I make use of a name whenever I want to give an example.
- I apply body language, using my hands, eyes, legs while making a description; this will help them understand simple languages. You teach with senses. Do not just stand in one place talking without moving. It will make them get bored.
- Ask him questions- if he fails to respond, I do not scold him to avoid discouraging his trust. I opt to pat his back, assure him of working it better. It will make him develop a love for you. At least, the confidence of having a benevolent teacher is the beginning of cooperation.
- I have to help him complete his sentences whenever I notice he leaves some words behind in his speaking. Do not ridicule him, rather ginger him to continue. Make him proud. He would be able to correct his errors. Remember, the English language isn't his mother tongue. You're to teach him. So, teach him around.
- Guide him to produce sounds to enable him to read. Often, some children could not read due to the teacher's inability to teach SOUNDS.
- I assist him able to writing legibly. I ensure my writings on the whiteboard are clear and visible. Some teachers have illegible handwriting. You have to be cautious of that. Otherwise, the child will end up copying rubbish.
- I position the child at the front seat if he has difficulty in using his eyes.
- I drill him with many finger activities to make the muscles flexible if he can not use his hands.
© 2021 Chinyere Okoye