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History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

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- photo from Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt -

- photo from Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt -

Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt, or Yoghourt

There are several variations of the English spelling of the word, including "yogurt", "yoghurt," "yogourt" and yoghourt."

According to Wikipedia, the word is derived from Turkish: yoğurt, and is related to the obsolete verb yoğmak "to be curdled or coagulated; to thicken."

In the United States, "yogurt'" is the usual spelling, but "yoghurt" is also sometimes used.

In Canada, "yogurt" is most common among English speakers, but many brands use "yogourt," and both spelling is acceptable in both English and French.

In the United Kingdom "yoghurt" and "yogurt" are both acceptable, "yogurt" being more common on product labels, and a few brands also use "yoghourt," although not common.

In Australia and New Zealand, the common spelling is "yoghurt."


An 1848 Lithograph showing Ghilzai nomads in Afghanistan. source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

An 1848 Lithograph showing Ghilzai nomads in Afghanistan. source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Nomadic herdsmen and their sheep - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Nomadic herdsmen and their sheep - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Blue-North Asia, Purple-Central Asia, Green-Southwest Asia, Red-South Asia, Yellow-East Asia, and Mustard-Southeast Asia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Blue-North Asia, Purple-Central Asia, Green-Southwest Asia, Red-South Asia, Yellow-East Asia, and Mustard-Southeast Asia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Whatever the spelling, we know that yogurt is very good for us. The health benefits of yogurt are numerous making yogurt one super food. Did you know how yogurt came about, or whether yogurt was invented or discovered?

Well, the story goes that yogurt was discovered by accident in the beginning of the Neolithic era, when people first began to practice milking. (Neolithic is traditionally the last part of the stone age.) Nomadic herdsmen milked their animals and carried the milk in pouches made out of sheep's stomachs, the lining of which contains an enzyme called rennin, which curdles milk. As soon as the wandering herdsmen discovered the curdled milk, they tasted it and found it wasn't too bad.. in fact, it tasted good. And it could be said that the rest, as they say, is history.

However, there are no written records to prove this fact.

Food historians generally agree that yogurt (and other fermented milk products) was discovered accidentally by Neolithic peoples living in Central Asia. Since those ancient times, yogurt has been a staple in diets of people in the Central European, Middle Eastern and East Asian regions.

Pliny the Elder, Galen, Mahmud of Kashgar and Yusuf Has Hajib have something in common. They were the first ones to mention or write about yogurt in history.


Pliny the Elder, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Pliny the Elder, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Oldest writings mentioning yogurt

Gaius Plinius Secundus (23 AD - August 25, 79 AD), better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian.

Pliny the Elder is credited for the oldest writings, presumably about yogurt, mentioning that certain nomadic tribes knew how "to thicken the milk into a substance with an agreeable acidity."

That's it. And now he's in the history of yogurt.


Galen, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Galen, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

First to identify yogurt

Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus (September AD 129 - 199/217), better known as Galen of Pergamon (now Bergama, Turkey), was a prominent Roman (of Greek ethnicity) physician, surgeon and philosopher. It could be said that Galen was the most accomplished of all medical researchers of antiquity, contributing to the understanding of numerous scientific disciplines including anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and neurology, as well as philosophy, andlogic.

So what does this great man Glen got to do with yogurt? Galen identified that what was known to the ancient Greeks as pyriate, was actually a form of yogurt.

Isn't that amazing?

Mahmud of Kashgar, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Mahmud of Kashgar, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Yusuf Has Hajib, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Yusuf Has Hajib, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

First written description of yogurt (yoghurt)

Mahmud of Kashgar (1008 - 1105), full name is "Hussein bin Mahmoud bin Mohammed," was a Turkish author and cartographer. He wrote Diwan Lugati't-Turks , in Turkish language, the first encyclopedia and dictionary.

What does Mahmud of Kashgar got to do with yogurt? The first unequivocal description of "yoghurt" is found in the Diwan Lugati't-Turks written by Mahmud of Kashgar.

Yusuf Balasaghuni (1019 - 1085), full name "Yusuf Khas Hajib Balasaghuni," was a prominent Kyrgyz scholar. He wrote the Kutadgu Bilig and upon presenting the Kutadgu Bilig to the prince of Kashgar, he was awarded the title Khāṣṣ Ḥājib, an honour similar to "Privy Chamberlain" or "Chancellor".

So, what does Yusuf Balasaghuni got to do with yogurt? Well, Yusuf Balasaghuni mentioned the word "yoghurt" in his book.

Both Mahmud of Kashgar and Yusuf Balasaghuni got in the history of yogurt because their books specifically mentioned the word "yoghurt."

Fascinating, isn't it?

Francois I - King of France, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Francois I - King of France, source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Distance between Istanbul (Turkey) to Paris (France) 1400.59 miles or 2253.98 kilometers

The King of France and Yogurt

There are different versions on how the King of France, Francois I, got linked to the history yogurt.

One version says that Francois I was in Paris when he suffered diarrhea. A Jewish doctor gave him some fermented milk that cured his diarrhea and the King was so happy that he spread the word throughout Europe about the goodness of yogurt.

Another version goes like this. Around 1542, the King of France Francois I was suffering from severe depression. The doctors could not figure out what to do.. nothing seemed to work. Then the Ambassador to the Sublime Porte suggested that there was a Jewish doctor in Constantinople (today's Istanbul) who made a brew of fermented sheep's milk of which people including the Sultan's court said was magical. So the King sent for the doctor. But since the doctor would only travel by foot, it took him forever and a day to walk through the whole of southern Europe, followed by his flock. Of course, the King was overly agitated by the time the doctor arrived. But since the King still did not feel well, he did not send the poor doctor to the gallows. After several weeks of sheep's milk yogurt, the King was cured. The sheep, however, had not recovered from their long walk and caught cold in the air of Paris and they all died. The King offered the doctor to stay but the doctor declined and left. He went home, taking the secret of his brew with him. The health of Francois I continued to improve, and yogurt was forgotten for nearly four centuries.

The second story sounds better, because yogurt was actually introduced in France in 1929.

Stamen Grigorov - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Stamen Grigorov - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Ilya_Mechnikov_(Nobel_1908), source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Ilya_Mechnikov_(Nobel_1908), source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Yogurt first gained international prominence in the early 1900s.

Stamen Grigorov (1878 -1945), was a prominent Bulgarian physician and microbilogist. He was the first to examine the Bulgarian yogurt.

Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (1845 - 1916) was a Russian biologist, zoologist and protozoologist, best remembered for his pioneering research into the immune system. Mechnikov received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1908, shared with Paul Ehrlich, for his work on phagocytosis. He is also credited by some sources with coining the term gerontology in 1903, for the emerging study of aging and longevity.

And what do Stamen Grigorov and Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov have in common? Yogurt.

Mechnikov was influenced by Grigorov's work and linked the regular consumption of yogurt by the Bulgarian peasant to their unusually long lifespans.

Mechnikov is credited for making yogurt popular as a healthy food throughout Europe.


Daniel Carasso, , a pioneer of yogurt, source http://www.esefarad.com  - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Daniel Carasso, , a pioneer of yogurt, source http://www.esefarad.com - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Daniel Carasso - Danone, from elmundo.es - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Daniel Carasso - Danone, from elmundo.es - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Dannon Yogurt, photo By nesssalove, source photobucket - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Dannon Yogurt, photo By nesssalove, source photobucket - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Industrialization of yogurt

In 1919, Isaac Carasso, a Greek-born Jewish doctor, moved to Barcelona, Spain. Noticing that digestive illnesses were common in his adopted country, he opened a small yogurt company and prescribed the bacteria-laden milk products to sufferers of intestinal distress. He named the business Danone after his son - “Danon” - “little Daniel” in Catalan. .

In 1919, Isaac Carasso industrialised the production of yogurt.

In 1929 ten years later, Daniel Carasso brought the Danone brand to France, setting up Société Parisienne du Yoghourt Danone before he had even turned 25.

Yogurt comes to America

In the 1940s, Daniel Carasso immigrated to the United States and took over a small yogurt factory in the Bronx, New York. He was soon joined by Juan Metzger, and the two sold their yogurt under the name Dannon (originally Danone) to Americanize the name.

In 1947 the company added strawberry fruit preserves to make the first "sundae-style yogurt."

Yogurt's popularity in the United States was enhanced in the 1950s and 1960s, when it was presented as a health food. By the late 20th century yogurt had become a common American food item.

So, who industrialized the production of yogurt?

Answer: Isaac Carasso


And which company popularized yogurt in America?

Anwer: Dannon


Frozen Yogurt

Frozen yogurt was introduced in New England in the 1970s as a soft serve dessert by H. P. Hood under the name Frogurt. source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

Frozen yogurt was introduced in New England in the 1970s as a soft serve dessert by H. P. Hood under the name Frogurt. source Wikipedia - History of Yogurt, Yoghurt, Yogourt or Yoghourt

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Comments

Rosie Rose (author) from Toronto, Canada on January 24, 2012:

Thank you all for your comments and votes. I'm glad you found the history of yogurt interesting and informative. Cheers!

@Monalisa Saha - I'm glad you enjoyed reading my article on the history of yogurt, and found it helpful in doing your project regarding probiotics. You're welcome.. my pleasure. Cheers!

Have a nice day y'all,

Rosie

monalisa saha on January 23, 2012:

whatever the history you have given here,its really amazing...i think if anybody have any doubt regarding yoghurt they could have clear with it....since i am doing project regarding probiotics, all this information will be very help full for me....

Thanks a lot

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on October 07, 2011:

I love yoghurt and I really enjoy reading the history of yoghurt. I had never know about this before. I got new knowledge from this hub. Thanks for writing and share with us. Vote up. Have a nice weekend!

Prasetio

Barbara Anne Helberg from Napoleon, Henry County, Ohio, USA on October 05, 2011:

Rosie2010...What a fun read on the history of this delicious delight! Thanks!

Danette Watt from Illinois on July 27, 2011:

Great hub with lots of good info here, voted up and interesting

Denise Handlon from North Carolina on July 04, 2011:

Yogurt: full of healthy goodness Your hub: full of interesting facts.

Hi Rosie-when you write 'curdled' with a food item I enjoy my stomach flipflops, LOL ! What have you been up to now that Idol is over for the season? Did you watch The Voice? I did. It was interesting.

Jackie Paulson from USA IL on June 30, 2011:

It's been awhile for me on hub pages but you are the one I started with. I wanted to say HI. I also wanted to say you know how to make a hub easy to understand. I love this topic. I also use plain yogurt on my face. Thanks for such a wonderful reading and learning experience.

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on June 28, 2011:

I love yogurt and I liked the story behind this. Well done, Rosie. You got my VOTE. Have a good day!

Prasetio

Rhonda Musch from The Emerald Coast on June 21, 2011:

Hi Rosie. I did not realize that yogurt had such and interesting history about it. Voted up and I am glad to see your still writing those great hubS.

Sweet wishes Rhonda

maria sial from united kingdom on June 09, 2011:

Very interesting information about yogurt. You have done good research rated up

Christina Lornemark from Sweden on June 03, 2011:

Wow, this was a very informative article about yoghurt! Thanks for the history of yoghurt and I will be thinking of this next time I eat yoghurt for breakfast! Voted up.

Tina

QudsiaP1 on June 03, 2011:

Ha, who would have thought. I mean I never think about the history of yoghurt as I happily eat it.

Thanks for the info. :)

Mimi721wis on June 02, 2011:

I never yogurt had been around so long. I only knew about yogurts usefulness in warding off yeast infections. Hey learned a bunch.

Rosie Rose (author) from Toronto, Canada on June 02, 2011:

Hiya 4youreyes, thanks for dropping by. I know, me too! I just stumbled upon the history when I was doing research on the health benefits of yogurt and I was fascinated. I'm glad you found it interesting and fun to read. Cheers!

Have a nice day,

Rosie

Rosie Rose (author) from Toronto, Canada on June 02, 2011:

Hiya Writer, thanks for dropping by. Well, you're partly correct. Nobel Prize winning Mechnikov (Russian) is the one who is credited for making yogurt popular as a healthy food throughout Europe. I'm glad you enjoyed reading the history of yogurt. Thanks so much. Cheers!

Have a nice day,

Rosie

Rosie Rose (author) from Toronto, Canada on June 02, 2011:

Hiya Will, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading the history of yogurt. Cheers!

Have a nice day,

Rosie

4youreyes on June 02, 2011:

Rosie,

I enjoyed your hub, I never even thought about yogurts history. You have made it very fun and interesting to read. Thanks

Have A Good Evening !

Joyce Haragsim from Southern Nevada on June 02, 2011:

I would have sworn that yogurt came from Russia originally, but we live and learn every day. Thanks Rosie keep up the good hubs

WillStarr from Phoenix, Arizona on June 02, 2011:

Great hub, Rosie!

Rosie Rose (author) from Toronto, Canada on June 02, 2011:

Hiya John, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading my hub on the history of yogurt. I find it fascinating discovering how things got discovered or invented. Thank you so much for the vote up.

Have a nice day,

Rosie

johndwilliams from Essex England on June 01, 2011:

Great Hub very interesting information and comprehensive too! Well written Voted up!

Rosie Rose (author) from Toronto, Canada on June 01, 2011:

Hiya Melpor, thanks for dropping by. I'm glad you enjoyed reading the history of yogurt and found it informative. I love doing research. Thanks so much for the vote up.

Have a nice day,

Rosie

Melvin Porter from New Jersey, USA on June 01, 2011:

Good hub Rosie, I didn't realize yogurt had such a long history. I learned a lot about yogurt from your hub. Thanks for the well researched information. Voted up.

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