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History of Israel: Part Two (1948-1972)

James A. Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician, and a writer with four non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine articles read by millions.

State of Israel Born in 1948

The history of Israel, and the Israel Arab conflict, are best understood if we examine the Israel War of Independence.

The State of Israel declared independence May 14th, 1948—the most important day in the history of Israel, and of the Israel Arab conflict. This great triumph in the history of Israel for Jews was necessitated by the Holocaust. But it immediately sparked the the Israel War of Independence and the still ongoing Israel Arab conflict.

We can see from studying the history of Israel that there were internal conflicts straightaway as to the role Judaism should play in the new nation.

At this point in the history of Israel, 600,000 Jews lived inside what was called the Palestine Mandate, which represented 50 percent of the population living there. But the history of Israel shows us that the nascent State of Israel only claimed 6 percent of that land.

The new State of Israel was immediately recognized by the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.; and admitted to the United Nations one year later. Arab governments (represented by the Arab League, created at the encouragement of the British) that surrounded Israel took a hard line stance against it immediately, rejecting international agreements and choosing war, thus creating the Israel Arab conflict and the Israel War of Independence.

The land where the State of Israel was established had been ruled by the British for 30 years, after they had conquered it from the Ottoman Empire, which had allied itself with Germany in World War One.

THE FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL, DAVID BEN GURION (PHOTOGRAPH FROM 1918)

THE FIRST PRIME MINISTER OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL, DAVID BEN GURION (PHOTOGRAPH FROM 1918)

Israel War of Independence

If we investigate the true history of Israel, we find that the very day after the State of Israel was established, it was attacked by five modern Muslim armies, which were assisted by four other armies from Muslim countries. World opinion was that the inchoate State of Israel had no chance to survive, since they had to defend attacks on every side without an organized military.

The governments that started the war—Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon—promised their citizens victory within two weeks. The Egyptians led the assault, even though other Muslims did not regard Egyptians as Arabs but rather as ignorant, backward Africans. This Israel Arab conflict is known today as the Israel War of Independence.

In addition to the armies that attacked the State of Israel, Muslim civilians began sniper attacks on Jews inside the State of Israel during the Israel War of Independence. Muslims escalated the Israel Arab conflict when they attacked kibbutzes inside the new State of Israel; set off bombs in Jewish neighborhoods; mutilated the corpses of dead Jews; opened fire on convoys carrying food and medical supplies, and even shot doctors and nurses.

The State of Israel won a great and shocking victory, causing euphoria among Jews but bitter shame among the Muslims who had them outnumbered and outgunned in this Israel War of Independence.

The Arabs had been so over-confident during this first Israel Arab conflict that they did not even bother to unify their command, or to supply their officers with maps. After all, the State of Israel could only muster 30,000 fighters—including women—and had no air force.

The history of Israel shows us that the Syrians were defeated in the north by a fighting force of only two artillery pieces! The same two artillery pieces then were rushed south and used to drive the Iraqi Army out of Galilee.

The Lebanese were driven back in the north and the Egyptians in the south. However, Jordan was successful in conquering Jerusalem from the State of Israel during the Israel War of Independence .

During and after the Israel War of Independence, there was a mass movement of peoples. Approximately 550,000 people who described themselves as Arabs fled from inside the borders of the new State of Israel—some were forced out but most were simply afraid. These Muslims abandoned entire villages, which were then flattened by the State of Israel.

Nearly an equal number of Jews fled to the nascent State of Israel from surrounding Arab countries—arriving with nothing, having been stripped of all they owned by the Muslims they had lived alongside for centuries.

JEWISH REFUGEES COME TO THEIR NEW HOMELAND, THE STATE OF ISRAEL, IN 1947

JEWISH REFUGEES COME TO THEIR NEW HOMELAND, THE STATE OF ISRAEL, IN 1947

MUSLIM ATTACKS ON THE STATE OF ISRAEL IN 1948 DURING THE ISRAEL WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

MUSLIM ATTACKS ON THE STATE OF ISRAEL IN 1948 DURING THE ISRAEL WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

ISRAELI SOLDIERS IN THE 1948 ISRAEL WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

ISRAELI SOLDIERS IN THE 1948 ISRAEL WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

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Israeli Arab Conflict

The history behind the current Israel Arab conflict can be traced to how refugees were treated by their brothers in the country they moved to during and after the Israel War of Independence.

Jewish refugees were immediately granted citizenship in the new State of Israel and assisted in resettlement among the general population. Muslim refugees were put into camps by Arab governments—where many of them still live 60 years later.

By and large the Arab refugees were not given citizenship or the right to start a new life in the Arab countries to which they fled after the Israel War of Independence. The reason for this is that the Arab countries saw these refugees as useful pawns in future efforts to eventually rid the Middle East of Jews. Arab governments certainly had the resources to take them in. The State of Israel accomodated almost an equal number of refugees.

The Arab refugees were called Palestinians for the first time in history in the 1950s. Never before in human history had any human being ever called himself a Palestinian—no such nationality exists.

Numerous international studies of this history concluded that the Arab refugees should be absorbed by the surrounding Arab countries, given the dignity of resettlement so they could become productive citizens.

100,000,000 human beings have become refugees since 1945 (worldwide) and no other people have been kept in camps anywhere close to this length of time in world history.

850,000 Jews lived in Muslim countries in 1948. Only 20,000 remain there today. None of the 830,000 who fled Muslim lands are in refugee camps; none are demanding the right to return to from whence they came.

Half of all Israelis today are descendants of these refugees from Arab lands. 300,000 Jews emigrated from Morocco to Israel; 140,000 came from Algeria; 125,000 from Iraq; 100,000 from Tunisia; 75,000 from Egypt; 50,000 from Yemen; 35,000 from Syria; 35,000 from Libya. A Jew may not set foot in Arabia today.

The 320,000 Arabs who remained inside the State of Israel after the Israel War of Independence were offered Israeli citizenship. Half chose to leave the State of Israel after the war. Those who stayed were granted full citizenship in 1952. The Arab population inside the State of Israel would grow to 411,000 by 1975.

The United Nations brokered a truce in 1949 that established borders for the State of Israel inside what became known as the Green Line. The State of Israel now sat on only 78 percent of the land originally promised for a Jewish Homeland (only 2 percent of the land in what is called The Middle East). Arab states refused to speak to the State of Israel directly.

Jordan now occupied the West Bank as well as East Jerusalem, while Egypt controlled the Gaza Strip.

The State of Israel formed a parliamentary democracy with a 120 member Knesset (legislature). Israelis vote for parties not individuals. David Ben Gurion served as Prime Minister from 1949 to 1963.

After the cease fire, Arabs demanded that all people who had fled from Israel during the fighting be allowed to return. The Jews refused unless Arab governments recognized Israel as a sovereign nation with the right to exist in peace—which all Muslims refused to even consider at the time. In 1950, all Jews in the world were granted the right to come and live in the State of Israel.

"PALESTINIAN" REFUGEE ROUTES AS THEY FLED THE STATE OF ISRAEL BECAUSE OF THE ISRAEL ARAB CONFLICT

"PALESTINIAN" REFUGEE ROUTES AS THEY FLED THE STATE OF ISRAEL BECAUSE OF THE ISRAEL ARAB CONFLICT

PEOPLE NOW BRANDED WITH THE NEW NAME "PALESTINIANS" ARE HELD IN REFUGEE CAMPS BY THEIR MUSLIM BROTHERS (PHOTOGRAPH FROM 1950)

PEOPLE NOW BRANDED WITH THE NEW NAME "PALESTINIANS" ARE HELD IN REFUGEE CAMPS BY THEIR MUSLIM BROTHERS (PHOTOGRAPH FROM 1950)