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Using a Personality Test: Hidden Talents and How to Become an Expert

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Michelle Vedros has 1 1/2 years left to be an RN at the charity school of nursing. She has studied self-help subjects for 25 years.

Developing Expertise using Isabel Myers' MBTI Test, and the Myers Example of What Makes Expertise

Many scholars argue that constant practice is the answer to obtaining expertise. However, apart from practice, Isabel Briggs Myers (1897-1980), a successful psychological type theorist, utilizes mentorship, interest, and innate talent to develop. Many scholars argue that constant practice is the answer to obtaining expertise. However, apart from practice, Isabel Briggs Myers (1897-1980), a successful psychological type theorist, utilizes mentorship, interest, and innate talent to develop her expertise. (Marseille, A Correlational Study 11). Type theory is the analysis and study of all the possible personality types. I will give examples of how Myers' life reflects their expertise, with most of this paper emphasizing the importance of personality. In addition, I will show evidence to support this argument about personality's significance with a test developed by Myers. More specifically, through Myer's competence in personality type, she pinpoints what natural abilities a person has through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality test (The Myers & Briggs). Moreover, this paper will only be complete by mentioning the opinions of other scholar’s expertise. (Marseille, A Correlational Study 11). Type theory is the analysis and study of all the possible personality types. I will give examples of how Myers' life reflects their expertise, with most of this paper emphasizing the importance of personality. In addition, I will show evidence to support this argument about personality's significance with a test developed by Myers Briggs. More specifically, through Myer's competence in personality type, she pinpoints what natural abilities a person has through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality test (The Myers & Briggs). Moreover, this paper will only be complete by mentioning the opinions of other scholars.

Coyle's and Erickson's Arguments

Through research, one can see that many scholars focus on the argument that efficient practice creates mastery. Isabel Myer's success shows that this argument is valid because she has been an experienced researcher for four decades. For instance, she enhances Coyle's theory of "deep practice" in the Talent Code (16). In this book, he explains how soccer players become talented through efficient practice. However, he argues against innate talent (19). In addition, he does not emphasize how vital their coaches' and families' inspiration is (Coyle 13-16). Erickson states in the article of the Harvard Business Review, “The Making of an Expert,” that effective practice creates an expert but, like Coyle, fails to include mentorship, interest, and personality in his investigations (1). Isabel Myers has shown the importance of these factors through her life experiences and research.

The History of Isabel Myers and the MBTI

In the early 1900s, Katharine Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Myers, became interested in people-watching. Because of this, Briggs became fascinated with type theory after reading psychological type, first published in 1921 by a well-known psychologist and mentor, Carl Jung. During World War II, when women were forced to take soldier's jobs, Katharine Briggs noticed many women disliked their jobs and did not perform them well. Coincidently, Isabel Myers took an interest in her mother's endeavors at a youthful age, showing the power of inspiration and interest (Thomson x). Then, Myers cleverly formed the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to help these working women find jobs that fit them better. She also made this test to bring peace and understanding between people during the war. Myer's role model was her father, a research physicist, who showed her the value and knowledge of research, proving the importance of mentorship (Marseille, Become Who 1).

The Uses of the MBTI

The test is a vast questionnaire that discovers a person's character type and has many uses. There are 16 types of personality possibilities. This test guides people to choose careers they will be better at and choose relationships with a better chance of success. In addition, it helps a person understand other people of diverse types, understand oneself, manage different personality types, sell to different personalities, and grow. It also shows a person's weaknesses and strengths (Myers & Brigg).

Some of the Achievements of Isabel Myers and the Myers-Briggs Personality Test

The Myers-Briggs personality test is viral today, making Myers' expertise a success. After being rejected, she finally received her doctorate award in 2001, twenty years after her death. (Kroeger, Otto, and Thuesen Foreword). In addition, the Myers-Briggs indicator has a journal called the Journal of Psychological Types, and Myers' success affords her a library with countless books, articles, essays, journals, and videos. Another establishment came when an MBTI research organization called the Center for the Applications of Psychological Type (CAPT) was created (Marseille, A Correlational Study 12). Myer's expertise obtained great results since the MBTI test is utilized in countless business organizations, schools, and colleges (Thomson Foreword).

16 Types of Personalities Using the MBTI

OWLHAVEN.NET BY Mary Ostyn 11/25/14

OWLHAVEN.NET BY Mary Ostyn 11/25/14

Explanation of the four Dichotomies of the Personality and Carl Jung's Research

Carl Jung's theory establishes three parts to every person's personality. Each piece plays a tug-of-war between two forces pulling in opposite directions. The first part of the personality becomes one of two opposites: introversion versus extroversion. Extroverts love socializing, and introverts enjoy more time alone. Jung states that everyone has both sides in them but prefers to use one over the other. According to Jung, the second dichotomy of the personality is a function used when gathering information called intuition (gut feeling/theory/ideas) versus verses (information). The third part of the personality used when making decisions is thinking (logic) versus feeling (values). Isabel Myers created the MBTI personality test from the theories of Carl Jung. However, she made the test more accessible for nonprofessionals to understand. More importantly, she added the fourth part of the personality, perceiving versus judging. The perceiver values freedom and leaves their options open. They do not like routine or structure. In comparison, the judging type would instead make decisions and follow the format. (qt. in Marseille, A Correlational Study 8-11). These descriptions are just the beginning.

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Examples of How the Four Letters Work Together as a Whole

How can this information help decide on a career? When all four personality parts are combined, it tells a lot about that person's capabilities. For example, an ISTJ (introverted, sensing, thinking, judging) would be better at accounting jobs because this personality type is naturally detail-oriented, logical, conservative, and introverted. Ironically, Isabel Myer's personality type is INFP (introverted, intuitive, feeling, and perceiving). A person with this type of personality loves looking at possibilities and potential in people (Marseille, Become Who 1). Therefore, Myers is a perfect example of how one's nature plays a role in expertise since her interest and abilities coincide with her personality type (INFP).

Conclusion of Expertise and Inborn Talent

Looking at Isabel Myers’s life, one can see a splendid example of how to become an expert. Although deep practice is a part of expertise, mentorship, interest, and personality are ingredients also. Many scholars argue that expertise is made and not born, but this case study shows that it is both. In addition, by taking the MBTI, a person can make a better choice of career, to begin with. This test can save a lot of time and stress. It will be interesting to see where the next person will take her research.

© 2014 mav04

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