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Here Are the Most Important Reasons Why We Appear to Be the Only Human Beings

Ahamed has an MBA and worked in document control for years. He enjoys writing and has freelanced and blogged across the internet.

Most people believe that we are the only species to have ever walked this planet when we say, humans. However, we are not the only human species that has ever existed. Because we are the only human species that has survived, we can refer to ourselves as the surviving species.

Real-life Hobbits and Denisovans Homo Floresiensis left little evidence of their existence, but Neanderthals are a different story. A more complete story. here's this article.


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Until Charles Darwin established his theory of evolution, the first people who held Neanderthal skulls had no idea what to make of them. Modern humans, like all living things, must have descended from an earlier species, and many scientists believed Neanderthals met the requirement. Our predecessor was a basic, slightly dimwitted creature.

They were even given the moniker Homo stupid us by Ernst Haeckel. Other scientists had opposing viewpoints. Instead of maintaining that Neanderthals were some failed evolutionary dead end, they recreated skeletons to seem like cartoon cavemen. So, what part of the human story do Neanderthals play? Were they a bunch of ninny-muggins with cotton heads? Or were they smarter and more human than we thought they were? And if they were so clever, why did they vanish after meeting us? Is it true that Neanderthals vanished?

The Moving Parts

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You might not be able to determine who's who in a Train vehicle with a bunch of people and a well-groomed Neanderthal. That is, however, New York for you. However, there were some distinctions. The prominent forehead ridge and large nose, as well as the unusually short forearms and shins and large muscles.

All of these adaptations were made for survival in chilly northern latitudes, but our slim forefathers were constructed for a warmer, more active existence. Our bodies are distinct, yet similar enough that when Neanderthals and our species first met, we would have recognized something familiar.

The Caring Parts

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Dinner meant going head to head with woolly mammoths and rhinoceros-like some Paleolithic rodeo riders, thus Neanderthal life had major job hazards. Its fossil remains show mended damaged bones and even symptoms of blindness, implying that Neanderthal societies looked after and fed their sick and injured members. They buried their dead as well.

We don't know if it's because they were spiritual or religious, but Neanderthals were far from aggressive. They were social beings that cared.

The Thinking Parts

There were brains in Germany 250,000 years ago that was as big as or bigger than yours or mine. Only inside the skulls of Neanderthals. Blue whales would be our overlords if huge minds were everything! They're not correct, are they?

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Around 200,000 years ago, Neanderthals employed this tool. Their technology had developed to this level 150,000 years later. Not in the same league as Steve Jobs. It's no longer about the size of your brain; it's about how you use it. Without our brain's ability to string together fancy words, symbolic thinking, social relationships, technological progress, and dad jokes would be impossible. You know, complicated phrasing. Extensive discussion.

The Talking Parts (Complex language)

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So, could Neanderthals communicate? We know that we and Neanderthals both have the same version of the FOXP2 gene, which is required for language, but that gene alone isn't enough to turn a caveman into Shakespeare. The form of Neanderthal brains inside their skulls indicates that they had speech-related components.

Their throats were designed to produce noises other than those made by apes. That covers most of the materials for some form of communication. However, even without mouth noises, rich communication is possible. Scientists believe that, like prehistoric boy bands, Neanderthals could have shared thoughts and recounted stories by blending simple sounds, musical tones, and rhythmic movement.

The Killing Parts (Deadliest Weapons)

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Neanderthals met their incredibly intelligent cousins in us around 50,000 years ago. Our areas overlapped for five to ten thousand winters and summers until Neanderthals vanished some 40,000 years ago. Were we acquaintances? or are they adversaries?

Our species possessed deadlier weaponry whenever our nomadic hunting tribes competed over territory. Unlike the Neanderthals, who lived in socially isolated groups, we freely traded and shared technology among tribes. When it came to resource competition and creativity, Neanderthals simply couldn't keep up. Or maybe we just infected them with an extinction-level flu virus. The world's population of Neanderthals probably never topped six figures at its peak.

They lived in small, dispersed enclaves, similar to gorillas and orangutans today, which meant more inbreeding and less genetic variation. Perhaps Neanderthals were already extinct when humans arrived.

The You- Know- What Parts

Neanderthals left us one gift before they vanished. The genome of the Neanderthals was sequenced from ancient bones in 2010. That genome was compared to the genomes of current humans. Outside of Sub-Saharan Africa, Neanderthals contributed 1 to 4% of all existing human DNA.

Sub-Saharan African ancestors? There is no Neanderthal DNA. This indicates that Homo sapiens and Neanderthals had a romantic relationship and interbred shortly after our species left Africa, spreading Neanderthal DNA as we populated the rest of the world. I know I have more Neanderthal DNA than 70% of people according to genetic testing, which to me proves that Neanderthals were undoubtedly brilliant and great. So, 50,000 years ago, we were walking alongside other people. Except for the fact that they aren't completely gone, we haven't completely answered the enigma of why they vanished.

They live on inside us, the only humans left. The 7 and a half billion of us are alive today share more than these distant ancestors.

Personal Genetic Analysis

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23andMe is a personal genetic analysis company that was founded to assist people in better understanding their genetic makeup. You may learn how DNA affects your health, facial characteristics, hair, even your sense of smell, and how you sleep by seeing which regions of the world your ancestors came from. All you have to do is spit into a tube to submit a DNA sample.

Finally, I discovered that I had a gene that allows me to detect asparagus odor in my pee and that my second toe is likely to be longer than my big toe. That is correct. My toes are quite long. But I also discovered that one of the genes I got from my Neanderthal ancestors could explain why I'm taller than most people. It was a lot of fun learning about my DNA. Please let us know if you attempt it.

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