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Henri Fayol - Elements of Management by Henry Fayol

29 July 1841 - 19 November 1925

29 July 1841 - 19 November 1925

Henri Fayol was a French mining engineer and management theorist. He developed the theory of Scientific Management. He studied at the mining school "Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines" in Saint-Etienne of France. He is well known as the father of modern management theory. Fayol started as an engineer at a mining company and he became its managing director in 1888.

Fayol's contributions were first published in book titled "Administration Industrielle et Generale", in 1916. He looked at the problems of managing an organisation from top management point of view. He has used the term 'administration' instead of 'management'. His contributions are generally termed as operational management or administrative management.

Activities of an Industrial Organisation

Fayol has divided the activities of an industrial organisation into six groups.

  • Technical: Related to production.
  • Commercial: Related to buying, selling and exchange.
  • Financial: It is search for capital and its optimum use.
  • Security: Protection of property and person.
  • Accounting (Including statistics).
  • Managerial: It includes planning, organisation, command, coordination, and control.

Managerial Qualities

Fayol has identified the qualities required in a manager. According to him the qualities a manager has to possess are as under;

  • Physical (health, vigour, and address)
  • Mental (ability to understand and learn, judgement, mental vigour, and capability)
  • Moral (energy, firmness, initiative, loyalty, tact, and dignity)
  • Education (general acquaintance)
  • Technical (peculiar to the function being performed)
  • Experience (arising form the work).

Management Thinkers

  • Frederick Winslow Taylor
    F. W. Taylor was an American mechanical engineer completed his degree in Mechanical Engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1883. He is well known as the father of scientific management. He held...

General Principles of Management

Fayol listed and reviewed fourteen principles of management on the following aspects.

  1. Division of Work

  2. Authority and Responsibility

  3. Discipline

  4. Unity of Command

  5. Unity of Direction

  6. Subordination of Individual Interest to General Interest

  7. Remuneration

  8. Centralization

  9. Scalar Chain

  10. Order

  11. Equity

  12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel

  13. Initiative

  14. Esprit de Corps

The principles enunciated are not aimed at being exhaustive but are the ones to which Fayol had recourse most often. He stresses the universality of such principles and their application not only to business but also for the success of all associations of individuals.

More Information on 14 Principles of Management of Henry Fayol

Elements of Management

Fayol regarded the elements of management as the functions of management. He said that management should be viewed as a process consisting of 5 elements. They are

  • Planning
  • Organising
  • Commanding
  • Coordination
  • Controlling

He has regarded planning as the most important managerial function. Creation of organisation structure and commanding function is necessary to execute plans. Coordination is necessary to make sure that every one is working together , and control looks whether everything is proceeding according to the plan.


Rosemary on February 06, 2016:

Very useful for my management studies

mebin on September 29, 2015:

Great man in the world

babagana kachalla on August 02, 2015:

Scroll to Continue

Its makes me supries

tigist on June 23, 2015:

what is the Managerial Quality according to Fayol?

fabrice mutite on May 12, 2015:

I love his principles

Erastus samuel on April 07, 2015:

Wat are fayol's element?

Emmanuel Asare on November 08, 2014:

Fayol is too great to be called the father of modern management.He is an example to immitate as a manager on October 13, 2014:

looking forward to bea real mananger from fayors'principles

Chacha Dominicky on June 05, 2014:

I'll apply these principles in my company and see the impact...otherwise Fayol, hope you were excellent manager!

adera michael wandeda on March 05, 2014:

this gentleman is more than scholar, how i wish that he lived in the twenty first century yawa.

Anita Koku,deogratias on November 24, 2013:

hope lam going to became a good manager after knowing Fayol's principle

sydney kim on October 11, 2013:

truly Fayoul was a great man

lee on July 05, 2013:

this as a great character who knowledge and experience applies to even our digital group. he's a smaat guy

emely on October 17, 2012:

explain the elements in detail

Aderemi tosin on June 20, 2012:

Henri fayor was french industrialist and is administrative management. Is a great peason and interlegent.

Chacha Dominicky on March 01, 2012:

These are excellent principles that Henri scratched his brain to output.They are the straight highway to the golden city of success in an organisation.

Chacha Dominicky on March 01, 2012:

Henry's principal are really the true way to the hilltop of Excellency in an organisation.

Dunn korir on February 13, 2012:

Fayol was my great grandpa..

vijojohn on February 12, 2012:

Henry fayol was known as the principles of management. I have learning in plustwo bussines studies. This statement help to knowing The fayol

Makinde Olamide on January 23, 2012:

Oh! Henri Fayol is a great man. He is a man of a highly intelligent. His contributions to the world of management can neither fade nor over emphasis.

Jim Henderson from Hattiesburg, Mississippi on November 23, 2011:

Unlike myself, this man seemed to have it all together. I fear I'm the opposite of him although I'm sure it would be to my advantage to emulate his approach to management.

sonia05 from india on June 13, 2011:

hey, your hub reminds of my public administration studies!!! nice hub!

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on August 21, 2010:

Henri Fayol was obviously a smart man and certainly prescribed good qualities and ideals for good management.

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