On April 14th 1912 the most luxurious passenger liner on her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York hit icebergs and sank in less than 3 hours later. 1,500 people lost their lives. The Titanic sank in Canadian waters, about 400 miles off the coast of Newfoundland.
Had the icebergs warnings that had been radioed to the ship been forwarded to the Captain, the catastrophe may never have occurred. If just 2 messages that came into the radio room had been transmitted to the Bridge, Captain Smith would have most certainly stopped the ship.
Instead the Titanic hit an underwater Iceberg spur that caused a 300 ft gash along the Starboard side. 2 Hours and 40 minutes later it had completely sunk. 1500 people died in the freezing icy North Atlantic waters. There were not enough lifeboats on board.
The RMS Titanic Disaster created the Birth of the US Coast Guard and International Ice Patrol. In 1912, no system existed to guard ships in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean against the perils of floating ice.
~~ The Titanic sank well below the Arctic Circle. Actually it sank 1000 miles due east of Boston Massachusetts. (42 degrees North), about 1000 miles due east. However, the Arctic was the SOURCE of the iceberg.
Representatives of the major maritime nations thoroughly discussed the subject of patrolling the ice regions at the first International Conference on the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), which convened in London on November 12, 1913 as a result of the Titanic disaster.
The Titanic was by no means the first ship to go down by hitting an iceberg. But it was the greatest accidents in terms of how much human life it cost.
Flagship and Pride of White Star Lines
The Titanic was the Flagship and Pride of
White Star Lines
~~ WHITE STAR LINE POSTERS ~~
Biggest Ship in the World
Titanic was the biggest ship in the world
In 1907 J. Bruce Ismay President of White Star lines and Lord Perry Chairman of Harland & Wolff discussed their plan of construction for 3 ocean liners the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic. The Titanic was to be used for voyages between England and New York. The Titanic was to become the biggest ship of her day. The unique qualities of the vessel deemed her unsinkable were very likely the contributing factors that resulted in her going down.
She was built in Belfast Ireland in 1912 at the Harland & Wolff shipyard at a cost of $7.5 million. She weighed 46328 tons and measured 882 and 9" long and 92 and half ft in the beam. Each funnel was large enough for 2 trains side by side to drive through. There were 9 decks and the ship was as high as an 11 story building.
There were 4 elevators, 3 in 1st class , one in 2nd, Titanic was the first Ocean liner to have a swimming pool and a gym. It was constructed with a double hull and 16 watertight compartments, the problem was once one compartment was filled, the water would flow over the TOP to the next compartment. She was designed to stay afloat with any 3 or 4 compartments flooded enabling her to withstand a collision at the joint of any 2 compartments. It was thought that the Olympic class Ocean liners were unsinkable and themselves lifeboats.
At the time The British Board of Trade (Regulations?) rule was 16 lifeboats for any ship over 10,000 tons. The Titanic carried 20, 16 wooden and 4 collapsibles. The total capacity 1178 people. The theory of the day was that the lifeboats would ferry the passengers (from the sinking ships) to other ships that were always traveling in the heavily traveled shipping lanes.
The greatest example of how if anything bad could happen it would.
The demise of White Star Line rolled back to the Titanic catastrophe, so that their main rival Cunard could swallow them whole. End of White Star Lines.
1) Normally Icebergs did not float that far South, this was out of the norm. ~~In all of Captain Smith's experience of 30 years, icebergs did not float so far South, this was fluke and not the norm.
2) She did not see the berg in time. ~~ Binoculars that the post of "Lookout" in the Crow's Nest should have had were missing, left behind in England, lost or stolen.