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RMS Titanic, Ship of Dreams

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On April 14th 1912 the most luxurious passenger liner on her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York hit icebergs and sank in less than 3 hours later. 1,500 people lost their lives. The Titanic sank in Canadian waters, about 400 miles off the coast of Newfoundland.

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Had the icebergs warnings that had been radioed to the ship been forwarded to the Captain, the catastrophe may never have occurred. If just 2 messages that came into the radio room had been transmitted to the Bridge, Captain Smith would have most certainly stopped the ship.

Instead the Titanic hit an underwater Iceberg spur that caused a 300 ft gash along the Starboard side. 2 Hours and 40 minutes later it had completely sunk. 1500 people died in the freezing icy North Atlantic waters. There were not enough lifeboats on board.

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The RMS Titanic Disaster created the Birth of the US Coast Guard and International Ice Patrol. In 1912, no system existed to guard ships in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean against the perils of floating ice.

~~ The Titanic sank well below the Arctic Circle. Actually it sank 1000 miles due east of Boston Massachusetts. (42 degrees North), about 1000 miles due east. However, the Arctic was the SOURCE of the iceberg.

Representatives of the major maritime nations thoroughly discussed the subject of patrolling the ice regions at the first International Conference on the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), which convened in London on November 12, 1913 as a result of the Titanic disaster.

The Titanic was by no means the first ship to go down by hitting an iceberg. But it was the greatest accidents in terms of how much human life it cost.

Flagship and Pride of White Star Lines

The Titanic was the Flagship and Pride of
White Star Lines

~~ WHITE STAR LINE POSTERS ~~

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Biggest Ship in the World

Titanic was the biggest ship in the world

In 1907 J. Bruce Ismay President of White Star lines and Lord Perry Chairman of Harland & Wolff discussed their plan of construction for 3 ocean liners the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic. The Titanic was to be used for voyages between England and New York. The Titanic was to become the biggest ship of her day. The unique qualities of the vessel deemed her unsinkable were very likely the contributing factors that resulted in her going down.

She was built in Belfast Ireland in 1912 at the Harland & Wolff shipyard at a cost of $7.5 million. She weighed 46328 tons and measured 882 and 9" long and 92 and half ft in the beam. Each funnel was large enough for 2 trains side by side to drive through. There were 9 decks and the ship was as high as an 11 story building.

There were 4 elevators, 3 in 1st class , one in 2nd, Titanic was the first Ocean liner to have a swimming pool and a gym. It was constructed with a double hull and 16 watertight compartments, the problem was once one compartment was filled, the water would flow over the TOP to the next compartment. She was designed to stay afloat with any 3 or 4 compartments flooded enabling her to withstand a collision at the joint of any 2 compartments. It was thought that the Olympic class Ocean liners were unsinkable and themselves lifeboats.

At the time The British Board of Trade (Regulations?) rule was 16 lifeboats for any ship over 10,000 tons. The Titanic carried 20, 16 wooden and 4 collapsibles. The total capacity 1178 people. The theory of the day was that the lifeboats would ferry the passengers (from the sinking ships) to other ships that were always traveling in the heavily traveled shipping lanes.



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Murphy's Law

Murphy's Law
The greatest example of how if anything bad could happen it would.

The demise of White Star Line rolled back to the Titanic catastrophe, so that their main rival Cunard could swallow them whole. End of White Star Lines.

1) Normally Icebergs did not float that far South, this was out of the norm. ~~In all of Captain Smith's experience of 30 years, icebergs did not float so far South, this was fluke and not the norm.

2) She did not see the berg in time. ~~ Binoculars that the post of "Lookout" in the Crow's Nest should have had were missing, left behind in England, lost or stolen.

3) She hit it the way it most vulnerable to her. ~~If the officers had only let it hit head on, a 300 foot gash would not have occurred, compromising 6 compartments with the rate of water filling the vessel beyond ability to save the ship.

4) There weren't enough lifeboats for everybody. ~~ Titanic carried 20 lifeboats, enough for 1178 people. (only 700 were picked up in the boats)The existing Board of Trade required a passenger ship to provide lifeboat capacity for 1060 people for any ship over 10,000 tons. The boat was designed to carry 32 lifeboats but this number was reduced to 20 because it was felt that the deck would be "too cluttered" cosmetic reasons!

5) They didn't fill the lifeboats. (no lifeboat drills). ~~The British Inquiry questioned why it It took 1 hour after impact to launch the first lifeboat. They reacted so slowly to this catastrophe, that there was not enough time to successfully launch all the lifeboats ~~Collapsible lifeboats A and B were not launched but floated away as the water washed over the ship.

6) The nearest ship operator was asleep and did not relay to the California to come for help. ~~This ship was only 10 miles away and could have saved hundreds of lives.

7) White Star Line went into demise ~~ White Star Line Chairman J. Bruce Ismay was incorrectly targeted as the WHO for the Titanic catastrophe even though he was exonerated by both the American and British Inquiries into the Disaster. His request to stay on after the disaster was denied by the Board and this was the Beginning of the End for White Star Line. It spiraled downwards ~~An interesting note is that a desperate plea for help was made to him when he was in his 70s to help White Star Line before its demise and Ismay did try but it was too late.

The Unsinkable Titanic

~~ THE UNSINKABLE TITANIC ~~

The Titanic had 28 staterooms and suites for her 1st class passengers who mingled on the Promenade deck. The walls were similar to the Palace at Versailles. (Paris) Next door was the reading and writing room for ladies and the smoking room for men.

The cost of the journey was $4350 for 1st class and $30 for 3rd class. Even the 3rd class passengers were more luxurious than other ships. Although due to the position of the 3rd class cabins the 3rd class passengers were trapped below deck during the tragedy.

The crew consisted of 860 men and women of which 340 worked below deck. Only a few were officers.

She was one of pair a sister ship being built side by side simultaneously ~~ The Titanic and the Olympic. They towered like skyscrapers 15 stories high.

She was there to capture a hefty share of the Trans Atlantic market for White Star to persuade those emigrating from Europe or traveling for business or pleasure to use White Star rather than Cunard. The market was enormous. There were no jets, no planes, and the only way across the oceans was the big ships.