Misbah has always wanted to pursue writing as a career. She loves to write on different topics, and she loves to read about history as well.
Ghazi Osman's Birth and the End of the Abbasid Caliphate
It was 1258: When Ghazi Ertugrul bin Sulaiman was living in Soghoth, his first spouse, Halima Sultan, gave birth to a boy named Osman (or Usman). It was the year in which the Islamic world was in difficulty and the Abbasid caliphate came to an end. Due to the betrayal of Wazir Ibn Alqamah and Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, the Tartars and Mongols destroyed the capital of the Abbasid caliphate brick by brick. It was flowing like a torrential downpour.
All this was caused by the betrayal of some so-called Muslims and the luxury of the Abbasid caliphs. They were watching the dance of his slave girl, named Arafa.
In short, the Muslims at that time was a spectacle at the hands of the Mongols, Tatars, and the British. But if the sun of the Islamic world was set, on one hand, it was rising on the other were trying their best. By the time the Byzantines invaded the Seljuk Empire, Lucan Usman, like his father, defended his frontier.
Ghazi Usman and Byzantine Face to Face
When the Byzantines saw the Muslims progressing with passion and good morals, they started conspiring against the Muslims. Takfur, the Christian ruler of the Bela Zak region, claimed deep friendship with Ghazi Usman. But his real plan was to martyr Usman.
Where it is evil, there is also good. In the same area, there was a friend of Usman, a Greek nobleman whose name was Kosa Mikhail. Forty young men in women's clothing also hid their swords under their clothes. As Takfur signaled to his soldiers to arrest Usman Ghazi, Usman's companions stood with swords in their hands. He killed all the soldiers in the fort and captured the fort.
Ghazi Usman Conquered
To advance towards the Roman and Byzantine Empires, Ghazi Usman, with 300 of his warriors, attacked the fort of Qalaja Hesar at night in 1285 and conquered the fort. In this attack, also, some of Ghazi Usman's young men were martyred. There was also a Ghazi, Usman's brother, Sauji. This was Ghazi Usman's first victory after the death of his father.
Addresses and Powers by Sultan Alauddin:
Sultan Alauddin of Konya praised Usman's bravery and gave him the title of Oujbak-like Ghazi Ertugrul, which means guardian of the border. The sultan said that he was the emir of the region. Teaching and issuing coins in your own name is also allowed
Justice of Ghazi Usman
Ghazi Usman did not issue coins in his name but started reciting sermons in his name on Friday. Ghazi Usman was committed to justice with all the best attributes. There was a quarrel between a Muslim and a Christian. Ghazi Usman decided this dispute in favor of the Christians based on facts. Seeing this justice of Ghazi Usman, all the Christians living in that fort became Muslims.
Ghazi Usman Declares Independent State
In 1290, When Genghis Khan's grandson Batu, turning parts of Europe during the disaster he had destroyed the kingdom of Konya, Sultan Alauddin was killed when a rich area behind it all was back to himself. Batu became independent. The ministers of Sultan Alauddin and the chiefs of the Turkish tribes decided to make Ghazi Uthman the ruler of the area, which we now have a small area left.
He chose his new ruler. Ghazi Usman made Eskisehir near Ankara his capital. In modern times, Eskisehir is the capital of the Turkish province of Central Anatolia.
Ghazi Usman's State and Tribal Problems
Ghazi Usman set up some government departments and welfare agencies in his new government and called on the scattered Turkish tribes to unite to form a strong Turkish government. For these reasons, Ghazi Uthman is called the founder of the Ottoman Empire. It is the nature of the world that when a human being begins to develop, hundreds of enemies and envious people of that human being are also born.
Something similar happened to Ghazi Uthman — his non-Muslims were already enemies, but as soon as he announced the government, he became his own enemy. Amir Kirmania Qutbuddin Shah When he declared his sovereign government after the fall of the Taliban, he became the worst enemy of Usman. Ghazi Usman humiliated him many times, but still, he did not stop his actions. Ghazi Usman did not pay any attention to it, but kept on trying to achieve victories till the Dead Sea.
Ghazi Usman's call to Islam to the Byzantines
Ghazi Usman, after arranging the basic, necessary work of his new government, sent a message to all the Roman rulers in Asia Minor, according to Islam, in which they were given the option of one of three things: accept Islam or pay Jizyah or war. Some of them converted to Islam, the most famous being Kosa Mikhail, whose descendants are known in Ottoman history as Mikhail Oglu. Some rulers preferred to pay Jizyah and others to fight Usman.
The Byzantines understood Ghazi Usman's message that Usman was now dreaming of conquering the city of Bursa. The city of Bursa or Bursa was the most important city of the Byzantines in Anatolia.
Ghazi Usman's Greatest Victory
Ghazi Usman launched attacks on the Byzantine territories before the Crusaders were formed. Ghazi Uthman fell ill during the siege and returned to his capital, Eskisehir, after appointing his son, Urkhan, as the siege commander. The Byzantines of Bursa fought with the Ottoman army for nine years. Echinus collected all the information about Ghazi Usman and the Muslims. Echinus was gathering information about how to defeat Muslims, but he was so impressed with Islam that he himself also surrendered to the Ottoman army and converted to Islam and joined the Islamic army.
When this good news was conveyed to his father by Urkhan himself, Ghazi Usman appointed his son Urkhan as his successor on this occasion and also made many wills, two of which were to bury me in Bursa after my death. And most importantly, don't do anything after me that God didn't command us to do.
Ghazi Usman Murders His Uncle, His Will and Burial
Ghazi Uthman had all the qualities of a general and a ruler. Then, it was the custom of the Ottoman Empire that whenever a new caliph was crowned in the Ottoman Empire, the sword of Ghazi Uthman would be hung around his back May Allah bless you with the same qualities as Ghazi Usman.
Along with these virtues, there is also the stain of the blood of an innocent man at the feet of Ghazi Uthman. And that blood belongs to Ghazi Uthman's uncle Dundar Bay. According to 698 AH: if he wished, he consulted his soldiers and tribal chiefs about the attack. In this jirga, Dundar Bay stood up and said that the Greek army is more than us. We do not allow this attack. If you attack, our whole tribe will be destroyed. When Ghazi Usman saw his uncle showing cowardice, So he immediately shot an arrow and killed his uncle, so that the other chiefs and the army would not be discouraged by his words.
Muslims disagree on whether Ghazi Usman's work was right or wrong.
Like Khalid bin Waleed (an Arab Muslim commander in the service of the Prophet Muhammad, Peace Be Upon Him), Ghazi Usman did not die on the battlefield but died on his deathbed in the city of Bursa in 1327. The tomb of Ghazi Uthman was built in the same city.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2021 Misbah Sheikh
Misbah Sheikh (author) from The World of Poets on March 07, 2021:
I have updated this article
I saw a lot of you shown interest in knowing about the ottoman empire period. Here is a short history of the first sultan of the ottoman empire