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Future Direction of Health Psychology

In a brief essay, explain the comprehensive intervention model and describe your own perspective regarding its appropriateness in light of what you have learned during this course.

According to Health Psychology 5th edition (2016) the comprehensive intervention model is “a model that pools and coordinates the medical and psychological expertise in some well-defined area of medical practice so as to make all available technology and expertise available to a patient; the pain management program is one example of a comprehensive intervention model”. Comprehensive intervention models are typically designed for specific diseases, disorders, and concerted attacks on risk factors. Comprehensive intervention models can take many different shapes, for instance pain management programs where all treatments for pain are organized in one place so that separate pain management regimens can be established for each individual patient (Taylor, 2015, p. 309). Hospice care is also considered to be a comprehensive intervention model because they offer palliative management technologies and psychotherapeutic technologies to terminally ill patients. Residential and outpatient coordinated rehabilitation programs for patients with specific conditions or diseases which help patients with multiple health habits simultaneously are also considered to be a comprehensive intervention model.

Comprehensive intervention models offer the highest quality of care to the patients that they care for. However comprehensive intervention models have begun to fall out of favor due to the high level of cost involved in the models and the treatments. For instance, hospitals have dismantled their pain centers due to a lack of funds to support the pain management strategies and techniques involved in the treatment (Taylor, 2015, p. 310). While hospitals have had to do away with their comprehensive intervention models not all organization have suffered from this dilemma. For instance, hospice is an organization that is able to continue to operate their comprehensive intervention model through the use of outside funding. Hospice receives funding from government programs, private insurance, donations by corporations, grants donated by charitable foundations, and through donations from individuals (Hospice Patients Alliance, 2016). Hospices also receive reimbursement from insurance providers like Medicare, Medicaid, and other private insurance for the care that the hospice provides to the terminally ill patient.

Based on my personal knowledge of health psychology I feel that the comprehensive intervention model is an appropriate patient care model. However I also feel that it needs to evolve and change in order to remain an appropriate treatment model. The comprehensive intervention model focuses on providing the highest quality of care for each patient by compiling information on numerous techniques and treatments; however with the current pressure to reform US health care and contain its costs, the model needs to find a way to provide care while reducing costs. While it is optimal to provide each patient with the highest quality of care it is perhaps better to be able to afford to provide all patients with both quality and affordable care. In order to do this the comprehensive intervention model should consider and attempt less expensive treatment strategies first and move on to the more expensive ones only if the less expensive ones prove to be ineffective. The comprehensive intervention model could work to incorporate the placebo effect into the treatment options. The placebo effect challenges the foundation of modern medicine as it proves that certain treatments are not effective because of their nature, but rather the patient’s belief in their effectiveness. The placebo effect presents the idea of the mind being able to control the body when the patient has a strong enough belief in the outcome that will occur. The comprehensive intervention models could begin patient treatment with placebo treatments and if the placebo proves to be an effective treatment then more expensive treatments could be avoided; this would reduce the cost of the models and allow for the treatment of more patients without the fear of running out of funding.


Hospice Patients Alliance. (2016). Hospice Funding: What you Need to Know. Retrieved

Taylor, S. (2015). Health Psychology (9th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

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Taylor, S. (2016). Health Psychology (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education. Retrieved

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