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First World, Second World, Third World

James A. Watkins is an entrepreneur, musician, and a writer with four non-fiction books and hundreds of magazine articles read by millions.

First World, Second World, Third World

FIRST WORLD, SECOND WORLD, THIRD WORLD  (1960)

FIRST WORLD, SECOND WORLD, THIRD WORLD (1960)

INTRODUCTION

Alfred Sauvy, a demographer from France, invented the concepts of the world being divided into a "First World," "Second World," and "Third World" in 1952.

The First World was the world of individual freedom, democratic elections, private property, capitalism, and Christianity. It was therefore modern and prosperous.

The Second World was the world of socialism. It was marked by the complete subjugation of the individual to the state, collectivism, official atheism, genocide, and enormous human suffering.

The Third World was where the poorest of primitive peoples lived, with the daily features of hunger, malnutrition, disease, filth, and misery.

More recently, the concept of a Fourth World has arisen. This is a sub-population of aboriginal people mostly, though it can include nomads and hermits. It is of people socially disconnected from the global society, who neither produce nor consume and are largely bypassed by technology.

World Map of Indigenous Intelligence

WORLD MAP OF AVERAGE INTELLIGENCE OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

WORLD MAP OF AVERAGE INTELLIGENCE OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

World Map of Religions

WORLD RELIGIONS (RED FOR PROTESTANT, BLUE FOR CATHOLIC, MUSTARD FOR ORTHODOX, GREEN FOR SUNNI, BROWN FOR SHIA, PINK FOR HINDU, ORANGE FOR BUDDHIST, AQUA FOR SHINTO, PEA GREEN FOR CONFUCIUS.  LIME GREEN, LAVENDER, AND PURPLE FOR TRIBAL)

WORLD RELIGIONS (RED FOR PROTESTANT, BLUE FOR CATHOLIC, MUSTARD FOR ORTHODOX, GREEN FOR SUNNI, BROWN FOR SHIA, PINK FOR HINDU, ORANGE FOR BUDDHIST, AQUA FOR SHINTO, PEA GREEN FOR CONFUCIUS. LIME GREEN, LAVENDER, AND PURPLE FOR TRIBAL)

First World Countries

Originally, First World countries included all of those in Western Europe, as well as the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. It is notable that these are the Christian nations of the world, especially the predominantly Protestant peoples.

By the 1960s, Argentina, Chile, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Israel, and Turkey were considered full-fledged members of the First World. Since the fall of the Iron Curtain; Poland, the Baltic States, the nations of the Balkans and other Eastern European countries have joined the First World—having escaped the Second World.

The First World is noted for having achieved the highest levels in human history of life expectancy, literacy, education, and standard of living. One measure of this is the Human Development Index. By looking at a world map of comparative HDI, one can compare it with world maps that show the various levels of Freedom, Democracy, Free Enterprise, Productivity, Wealth, Health, Charity, and Christianity in the world.

World Map of Democracy

WORLD MAP OF DEMOCRACY (THE LIGHTER THE BLUE THE MORE DEMOCRATIC; THE DARKER THE COLOR THE LEAST DEMOCRATIC)

WORLD MAP OF DEMOCRACY (THE LIGHTER THE BLUE THE MORE DEMOCRATIC; THE DARKER THE COLOR THE LEAST DEMOCRATIC)

World Map of Human Lifespan

WORLD MAP OF LIFESPANS (GREEN GOOD; RED BAD)

WORLD MAP OF LIFESPANS (GREEN GOOD; RED BAD)

World Map of Corruption

WORLD MAP INDEX OF CORRUPTION (DARK BLUE FOR THE LEAST CORRUPT; RANGING TO DARKEST RED FOR THE MOST CORRUPT)

WORLD MAP INDEX OF CORRUPTION (DARK BLUE FOR THE LEAST CORRUPT; RANGING TO DARKEST RED FOR THE MOST CORRUPT)

The Second World

The Second World was the world of Socialism. In it were the Soviet Union, Red China, North Korea, Cuba, the countries of Eastern Europe subjugated by the Soviets, and parts of Southeast Asia.

Approximately 100 million of its own people were killed by the Atheistic, Socialistic, and Totalitarian governments of the Second World. The utopian dream that a godless Socialist State would bring mankind to a better, brighter future turned into a nightmare of astounding proportions.

Some may forget why the Berlin Wall was built. 15,000 East Germans per day were fleeing the coming Socialist utopia to live in the Free West—the First World—and this was quite embarrassing to the Socialists. So, they built a wall to imprison them complete with troops ordered to "shoot to kill" any persons trying to leave Socialist East Germany.

The Second World is notable for its oppression of individual freedom; lack of private property and free enterprise; lack of productivity; tyranny; secret police surveillance; religious persecution; and its replacement of God with the State.

World Map of Wealth Production

WORLD MAP GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT  PER CAPITA (RANGING FROM DARK BLUE FOR THE HIGHEST TO RED FOR THE LOWEST; WITH GREENS IN THE MIDDLE)

WORLD MAP GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT PER CAPITA (RANGING FROM DARK BLUE FOR THE HIGHEST TO RED FOR THE LOWEST; WITH GREENS IN THE MIDDLE)

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World Map of Individual Freedom

WORLD MAP OF INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM (GREEN MOST FREE PEOPLE ON EARTH; RED LEAST FREE PEOPLE ON EARTH)

WORLD MAP OF INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM (GREEN MOST FREE PEOPLE ON EARTH; RED LEAST FREE PEOPLE ON EARTH)

World Map of Happiness

WORLD MAP OF HAPPINESS

WORLD MAP OF HAPPINESS

Protestant Nations of the World (19th Century)

PROTESTANT NATIONS OF THE WORLD IN THE 19TH CENTURY (THE DARKER THE RED THE BETTER)

PROTESTANT NATIONS OF THE WORLD IN THE 19TH CENTURY (THE DARKER THE RED THE BETTER)

Third World Countries

Third World Countries included almost all of Africa, as well as South America, Central America, Mexico, India, most of the Middle East, and the majority of countries in Southern Asia. Originally, these were known as the non-aligned nations.

Third World Countries featured people who lived on less than $100 a year. A Third World Country is one with poor sanitation, a lack of clean drinking water, backward agriculture, minimal opportunities for education, without the Rule of Law or property rights, and usually low average intelligence.

It is a myth that the Third World was created by Colonialism. It was already the Third World before any colonizers showed up. If that myth were true, then the coastal areas where the Third World first came into contact with First World peoples would have been the most backward and uncivilized. By venturing up the Amazon, into the heart of the Dark Continent, or into the jungles of Papua New Guinea, one would have found Paris or London. But in fact, the farther inland one went one found even more primitive people who had not "evolved" in thousands of years.

Let us keep in mind that if Colonialism were the problem, how would one explain that the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand were all once colonies of England?

While we are at it, we can put to bed another myth: the wealth of the First World was built on the backs of common laborers. Labor is common all over the world. The Second World and the Third World both had far more laborers than did the First World. If that myth were true, the First World would be the Third World—the First World featured the fewest common laborers of the three worlds.

To understand why the First World became the First World, it would be helpful to check out comparative world maps.

World Map of Gross National Income

WORLD MAP OF GROSS NATIONAL INCOME (BLUE HIGHER THAN AVERAGE; NOT BLUE LOWER THAN AVERAGE)

WORLD MAP OF GROSS NATIONAL INCOME (BLUE HIGHER THAN AVERAGE; NOT BLUE LOWER THAN AVERAGE)

World Map of Aid Recipients

WORLD MAP OF AID RECIPIENTS (THE DARKER THE COLOR THE MORE AID IS RECEIVED FROM DEVELOPED COUNTRIES EXCEPT THE BLACK, WHICH HAVE NO DATA AVAILABLE)

WORLD MAP OF AID RECIPIENTS (THE DARKER THE COLOR THE MORE AID IS RECEIVED FROM DEVELOPED COUNTRIES EXCEPT THE BLACK, WHICH HAVE NO DATA AVAILABLE)

World Map of Average Intelligence

WORLD MAP OF AVERAGE INTELLIGENCE OF PEOPLE BY THE COUNTRY IN WHICH THEY LIVE: PURPLE THE MOST INTELLIGENT PEOPLE ON EARTH BESIDES JEWS; DARK BLUE THE NEXT MOST INTELLIGENT; DARK RED THE LEAST INTELLIGENT PEOPLE; NEUTRAL COLORS IN THE MIDDLE

WORLD MAP OF AVERAGE INTELLIGENCE OF PEOPLE BY THE COUNTRY IN WHICH THEY LIVE: PURPLE THE MOST INTELLIGENT PEOPLE ON EARTH BESIDES JEWS; DARK BLUE THE NEXT MOST INTELLIGENT; DARK RED THE LEAST INTELLIGENT PEOPLE; NEUTRAL COLORS IN THE MIDDLE

CONCLUSION

Incredibly, while the Third World people yearn to move to the First World—and tens of millions have—there are people in the First World who think the old Second World of Socialism, or the Third World of "Noble Savages," are better worlds. There are Western intellectuals who teach at Western Universities who wish the First World would emulate the model of the Socialistic, Atheistic Second World; or even better, to create a New World Order where the entire planet is governed by a Global Atheistic, Socialist government.

The United States, a nation founded by Protestant Christians and based around Individual Freedom, Private Property, the Rule of Law, Free Enterprise, and Democratic Elections, has the highest average annual wages in the world at $53,000. The Gross National Income of the United States is almost triple that of the runner-up, now China, even though China has over four times as many people.

Americans are also by far the most generous people on earth—they give twice as much to charity each year as any other people. (Of all Americans, secularists give the least money to charity and volunteer the least of their time; Christians by far the most of both.) The point being that Americans strongly believe in Christian Charity and they are not greedy or uncaring about those less fortunate—as some Leftists claim.

In spite of all we learned here today about the world, perhaps 10 percent of Americans yearn to destroy their own country. They hate what it stands for, are disgusted by its history, think its flag a symbol of oppression, hate Free Enterprise, and are decidedly anti-Christ. They are obsessed with proving how oppressive America is to women and people of color despite the facts that women and people of color have never had it so good at any time in any place in world history as in America today.

One would think that upon reviewing the charts above, the public schools in America would teach children: If you take a people who are intelligent; imbued with the Protestant Work Ethic; have a Christian Worldview; believe in Free Enterprise Capitalism; and are fortunate enough to live in a country founded on individual freedom, private property, representative democracy, and the Rule of Law—the result will be a nation as wealthy and wonderful as America.

But that is the opposite of what is taught to American children in public schools and young Americans in college. A set of huge lies has been substituted for the Truth. If the anti-American Americans succeed, the light will go out of the world.

World Map of the Human Development Index

WORLD MAP OF THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (A COMBINED MEASUREMENT OF STANDARD OF LIVING, EDUCATION, LITERACY, AND LIFE EXPECTANCY) DARK GREEN FOR MOST HIGHLY DEVELOPED HUMAN BEINGS; DARK RED FOR LEAST DEVELOPED)

WORLD MAP OF THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (A COMBINED MEASUREMENT OF STANDARD OF LIVING, EDUCATION, LITERACY, AND LIFE EXPECTANCY) DARK GREEN FOR MOST HIGHLY DEVELOPED HUMAN BEINGS; DARK RED FOR LEAST DEVELOPED)

Comments

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on May 29, 2020:

Eric Dierker ~ Thank you. There are many factors that make up a man or a woman. Race is one. Culture is a big one. Nature and Nurture both come into play. Learning plays a part. Those one hangs around with is in play. Parenting is huge. Genetics certainly has an effect. Politics even has an effect. Notice the only countries with high average national IQ that are not in the First World are or have been Socialist. That will hold back anybody.

Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on May 28, 2020:

James you are right on the money. Note here there is nothing about race. Take a Himalayan runner and an African plane runner and an American found with great skill and a fantastic training and coaching apparatus. Who wins the 100 meter? Who wins the 10K and who wins the hill climb challenge?

Now take a remote village in the mountains, a primitive village on the vast plains and a kid born to two professionals and in the best schools. Who is going to win the Pulitzer prize. Well now that depends on the color of the skin because it is PC and Race oriented. And then throw in those from developing countries and for sure the one loses.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on May 28, 2020:

Eric Dierker ~ Thank you for coming over to read my article here. The maps are about five years old. I suppose I could update them. I see what you mean about "overtones." I don't believe the Truth sees race. No white man has won the 100 meter dash in forty years. I suppose that also has "overtones" but it is true. Truth is not sentimental or politically correct. In fact, the very purpose of political correctness is to stop people from saying what is true and force people to say what is not true.

Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on May 26, 2020:

Cool documentation. I took the maps with a grain of salt. I think they are a little outdated. But that would only be a matter of degree not absolutes.

It seems that in this current climate that this is extremely not PC. Clearly there are racial overtones.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 14, 2020:

Shrikant Jadhav ~ Thank you very much for visiting and reading my article. I appreciate your dissent.

You can thank Western Civilization for train tracks, sewage systems, clean water supply, telephone lines, electricity, the parks system, museums, libraries, modern ports, manufacturing, airports, maps, modern agriculture, air conditioning, airplanes, anesthesia, aspirin, automobiles, batteries, blood banks, cameras, motion pictures, clocks, CAT scans, computers, defibrillators, e-mail, elevators, engines, eyeglasses, fiber optics, film, GPS, helicopters, insulin, the internet, lasers, light bulbs, locomotives, MRIs, microphones, microscopes, motors, penicillin, cell phones, phonographs, photographs, printing presses, radar, radios, refrigerators, sewing machines, silicone, sonar, steel, stethoscopes, telescopes, televisions, thermometers, thermostats, tires, toilet tissue, toilets, tractors, transistors, ultrasound, vaccinations, vacuum cleaners, videotape, washing machines, X-rays, and the cure for dozens of deadly diseases.

Or you can go back to living without such things. That is your choice.

Shrikant Jadhav from Pune, India on January 13, 2020:

I do not agree with you that colonialism did not impact your so called "third world countries". India and China were top contributors in the world GDP until the British came and ruined India. For details you can watch below video where Shashi Tharoor shares facts :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OB5ykS-_-CI

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 15, 2016:

You are most welcome GmaGoldie. What a pleasure it is to hear from you again. Thank you for visiting and for your gracious remarks.

Kelly Kline Burnett from Madison, Wisconsin on February 15, 2016:

Hi James,

I read this when you first published it and returned today and ironically I am facilitating a university viewing about one of my favorite subjects - macroeconomics. Your coverage of this topic with the world maps was wonderful. Thank you!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on June 26, 2015:

mk-globetrotter! Thank you!! Thank you very much.

Mustafa Khursheed on June 25, 2015:

Great Hub!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on April 22, 2015:

My barind~ My thoughts exactly

My barind on April 21, 2015:

My at

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on March 10, 2015:

Vonthegreat--- Thank you for taking the time to read my article and offer your thoughtful feedback. I surely agree that Christianity is only part of the division between worlds. But isn't it interesting that it birthed the best part?

Vonthegreat on November 04, 2014:

I think most info here are not right..Alfred Sauvy only coined the word "Third World". The idea of 'first world' was introduced by the United Nations in the late 1940s. And the division was first about 'allies' and 'socialists' countries, not merely on "Christianity" issue. Please do more research before giving info. I think wikipedia is more informative than this!

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on November 01, 2014:

Thank you.

mow50states on October 31, 2014:

We all are need word map for our personal uses, so here is a place from where you can get it http://www.mapsofworld.com/images-mow/world-map.jp...

LongTimeMother from Australia on April 07, 2013:

I am living off the grid and actively pursuing the lifestyle of a hermit. (Without the filthy clothes and empty belly often associated with the image. I also break the true hermit stereotype because I love having my family around me.)

However when they release a map of the 4th world, I bet my house is on it!

Voted up and awesome. Great tool for home schoolers.

Thaddeus Byron Bullock Jr. from Clemson, South Carolina on March 13, 2013:

Great hub! So refreshing to read, especially as a college student.

pramodgokhale from Pune( India) on March 01, 2013:

Third world has become victim of super powers rivalry . First world and intellectuals are preaching democracy and welfare to the third

world nations.

It is a big hypocrisy. They sell arms to undemocratic nations across the globe and blood letting goes on.Mindset of the third world people and governments yet to change and not development oriented .

Financial aid and World bank funding does not bring desired results.

In Africa there is no civilian society and literacy will do but it will long time.

India promoted Non-Aligned-Movement to insulate from arms race and chose path of development and succeed.

In WTO ,first world dominates and existing global situation will not change anything there.

India is surrounded by failed nations and we spend more money on deference and that has eaten into our development .

We are singing tune of Globalization , Multi cultural world can not become one world .It is a dream !!

good article.

pramod gokhale

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 13, 2013:

Deb Welch— Hello there. I am well pleased that you decided to visit another one of my Hubs. I am glad you liked it. I appreciate your recognition of the hard work I put into my articles. :D

Yes, the people of North Korea are starving. What a human tragedy that is. But the so-called United Nations is too worried about criticizing the United States to say anything about Communist regimes. Maybe they are, as you say, in the Fourth World. Well put.

Thank you very much for the visit and your thoughtful comments.

Faithfully Yours,

James

Deb Welch on February 09, 2013:

James - decided to visit and read another one of your Hubs and I chose a great one. I could tell you put a lot of work into it. I heard on the news radio a short while ago that in North Korea many of the people are starving so desperately that they have gone to Cannibalism - killing and eating children. This must put them in the Fourth World. We should worry about that World - the sickness in humanity has gone too deep plus testing of Nuclear weapons. Your maps were beautiful. Have a fantastic day.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on January 10, 2013:

Caleb DRC--- Thank you for both of your comments, Greg. :D

I have quoted the statistics before that clearly show, by a large margin, Christians, and to a somewhat lesser extent other Conservative people, give far more money to charity, donate more of their time to volunteer, and even give far more blood.

Conservatives want to give THEIR money to the poor. Liberals want to give YOUR money to the poor.

I do not recall in which Hub of mine I wrote about that though. I just now looked around a bit and couldn't find it. But if you found it, that's great!

I appreciate the inquiry and I look forward to reading your new Hub when it is finished.

James

Caleb DRC on January 09, 2013:

Never mind James, it was this one. I found it already linked at another hub of mine. How embarrassing is this? It is times like this I'm really, really, really, really glad I go by a pseudonym rather than my real name, Greg . . . oops.

Caleb DRC on January 08, 2013:

James, I spent 2 hours trying to find the hub you wrote comparing Christian giving to secular and USA giving to other countries, but no luck.

Where is it? I want to link to it in the hub I'm working on.

When did hubpages get rid of those search engines at each site? I remember when a hubber had a bunch of articles you could find what you wanted at his site with its own search engine.

It is possible I read it at another site, but I'm quite sure it was your's.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on December 03, 2012:

Joel— I know that Sweden is a wealthy country. But did not Sweden become a wealthy First World country during the times when its people were very much Christians?

No people gives more money to charity per capita than Americans. Do you mean that your government gives more than the American government to foreign aid, per capita? The private citizens of America give more to charity than all the rest of the world's people combined.

You may have good morals over there. Where did they come from? Where did the basic morality of Swedes come from? Paganism? Atheism? Or from its Christian foundations?

Lastly, WHAT madman of the Bible are you referring to. There are so many. :D

Thank you very much for reading my article. I appreciate your excellent comments.

James

Joel on December 03, 2012:

Sweden is one of the countries with the highest percentage of atheists and agnostics yet we scored higher than the US in most of those charts and we donate much more per capita than the US. I would actually say that I have far better morals than the madman described in the bible, even though I'm an agnostic.

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on August 11, 2012:

quicksand— It is always a distinct pleasure to hear from you, my friend. I enjoyed the humorous reminiscence about the Hoover advertisement. Your comments are, as always, thoughtful and insightful.

I'll come over soon to see what you've been writing lately.

I am glad you found this article interesting. I appreciate the visitation. Thank you for the correspondence.

James :D

quicksand on August 04, 2012:

Hi again James, this was extremely interesting. It's simply impossible to imagine that there are people around who are not touched by technology advancements.

Not having had a glimpse of the outside world and naturally no opportunities to be literate also is the cause. However much technology seeps in, not being literate is like a shield that would prevent involvement, right?

Reminds me of an advertisement I saw in my childhood days. This ad appeared in almost every issue of the Readers' Digest to which my father used to subscribe.

As the ad goes, a deer and it's young are in conversation. The young deer (I guess it's called a fawn) tells its mum, "mum I wanna go somewhere where no one has ever been before!" To which the deer replies, "that's not possible dear, wherever you go, you'll find HOOVER there before you!"

Well, Hoover polishers and appliances! Great ad it was. Remember?

(:------wide smile------:)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 30, 2012:

Caleb DRC— Thank you ever much for the accolades! I appreciate your encouragement, my friend. God Bless You and Keep You!

James

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on July 30, 2012:

John Holden— Thank you for taking the time to come over here and read my article. I do not consider Sweden, Norway, or France to be Socialist. The USSR, Red China, North Korea, and East Germany—they were all officially Socialist nations and said so right in their founding documents and by what they named themselves.

You see that the three countries you named rank high for freedom and democracy—decidedly missing traits from Socialist countries. Sweden, for example, is a "constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy form of government and a highly developed economy." And you might note that even countries that now implement Socialism Lite got wealthy in the first place through Free Enterprise. Socialism has never increased the wealth of any country anywhere ever.

Caleb DRC on July 18, 2012:

Unbelievable!!! James, you did an outstanding job on this hub.

Incidentally, I'm still keeping up with your sagacious replies on your Iron Lady hub--both you and Will.

John Holden on July 18, 2012:

James, you say "The First World was the world of individual freedom, democratic elections, private property, capitalism, and Christianity. "

But your first map shows many countries in the first world which you would consider to be socialist, like Sweden, Norway and France!

How do you reconcile this discrepancy?

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on May 31, 2012:

Kebennett1— Thank ever much for the lovely laudations! How good it is to "see" you again. I hope all is well for you and yours. God Bless You! :-)

James

Kebennett1 from San Bernardino County, California on May 30, 2012:

Lovin it James! What an awesome hub. Keep up the great information you always provide. Always a fan :)

James A Watkins (author) from Chicago on February 16, 2012:

phdast7— Hello Theresa! Thank you for the compliment.

You wrote: 'Because these phrases "extensive tests" "worldwide" "over decades" "all sorts of people" indicate testing done on such scale and in so many locations and over so great a time span that it seems virtually impossible that the "results" have been hushed up. This would be a conspiracy on an absolutely incredible scale - crossing testers, nations, people groups and decades. Who has such power that they can repress research data gathered across time and space and nations?'

I understand your concern. I am not saying the data is "repressed" by anybody. You can Google "intelligence by country" or "intelligence by race" right now and 479,000,000 websites will pop right up with the information, including Wikipedia.

What I am saying is that despite it being readily available, when confronted with the data most people have not heard of it and are in a state of disbelief until they see the data for themselves. Something so common and well known but hardly any Americans know about it. I see the reason for that as being political correctness and multiculturalism—and the whole self-esteem movement.

You see in political correctness and multiculturalism, ideologies that come from Marxism and surely rule the day in our schools and universities today with an iron fist—sort of like an academic Iron Curtain—the idea is to bash the West. So you take the Third World and you tell students it is only so poor because the boogeyman—the West—exploited it. In other words, if the West and the Third World were isolated and had never met, the Third World would look just like the First World does today. When you really look at the intelligence of the people involved, it blows the cover off of that false teaching of history. It also sheds much light on the huge gaps in academic achievement in the United States that are routinely blamed on racism.

For instance, in the despised West an IQ under 70 is what used to be called retarded. But what if we find hundreds of millions of grownups who as a group average 64? Well, we decide not to talk about that or to blame the test; the test must not be right because it might explain the real reason why the Third World is so backward and impoverished and why the problems in the Third World have proven to be so intractable despite trillions of dollars thrown at them.

I have a adopted relative who has the mind of an eight-year-old. I love her dearly, she is a precious child of God. I do not disparage her low IQ of around 65. She can't help it, she was born that way. She is pretty happy in fact. But I wouldn't lie about it either and blame it on somebody else's exploitation of her. Nor would I put her in charge of IBM or send her to Harvard.

A great book about intelligence is "The Bell Curve."

I very much appreciate your extraordinary comments

James

Theresa Ast from Atlanta, Georgia on February 13, 2012:

Hello James -

An excellent Hub. I cover some of this in my classes, but not in such great detail and with such terrific and explanatory maps. Very informative. Sometimes pictures, and maps!, really are worth a thousand words. :)

However, I did find the maps of Intelligence disturbing. Responding to another comment you wrote,

"Extensive intelligence tests have been run worldwide for deca