The Egyptian Gods
The Egyptian Gods have a rather interesting family tree and creation. Staring with one god who developed an entire race of upper and lower gods. There's a lot of inbreeding needless to say, and like any family tree that involved inbreeding, it can get a little messy.
Atum was one of the most ancient gods in Egypt and was part of the Heliopolitan cosmology. Atum was originally an earth god, but hut then the became associated with Ra, the sun god.
In later times, he became associated with Ptah and eventually Osiris.
According to the priests of Heliopolis, Atum was the first being to emerge from the waters of Nu.
Originally a serpent, Atum was sent back to Nu and will return at the end of time.
Atum was often depicted as a man wearing the Double Drown of Upper and Lower Egypt, and as such, he is the first living man god conceived by the ancient Egyptians. Until then, all of their gods were in the form of animals.
Following, Atum's self- creation, he created his children Shu and Tefnut by masturbating (again the stories will vary as to the creation of the gods).
It was thought that Atum was a bisexual god and embodied both male and female aspects of life. So, his semen was all that was necessary to create new life and dieties.
Atum was often referred to as the Great He- She.
In later myths, it is said that Shu and Tefnut were created as the product his Atum's shadow and possibly his interest in the goddess Iusaaset.
Shu was the brother and husband of Tefnut, and they were usually mentioned together in myths.
Shu was the son of Atum and the father to Geb and Nut.
He was the Egyptian god of the air.
Shu means 'dry.'
Tefnut and her husband, Shu, were the products and children of Atum. When Atum became associated with Ra, Ra then became Tefnut's father. According to one myth, Tefnut became angry with her father, Ra, and ran off to Nubia. The god Thoth went to find her and cajoled her into returning to Egypt.
Tefnut was the Egyptian goddess of moisture and rain; her name means 'sky- spittle.'
Tefnut is the mother of Geb and Nut.
Geb and Nut
Geb was the Egyptian goddess of the earth, while her brother, Nut was the god of the sky.
Together Geb and Nut had four children- Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys.
Osiris and Isis
Osiris was the first child of Nut and Geb. He married his sister, Isis, and was the father of Horus and (according to some myths) Anubis.
As the myth states Nephthys assumed the form of Isis and seduced Osiris, and she then became pregnant with Anubis.
Osiris was the god of the Afterlife; his name means 'he sees the throne.'
Isis, the sister and wife to Osiris was the Egyptian goddess of magic; her name means 'the throne.'
She gave birth to Horus after she found Osiris's body in the lead covered box that Set entombed him in.
Set and Nephthys
Set was the brother and husband to Nephthys. Set never had any biological children, but he raised Anubis with Nephthys. Having never had children was representative of his association with the barren desert and of his status as the antithesis of the fertile Osiris.
Set was the god of storms and chaos; his name means 'to dazzle.'
Nephthys was the wife and sister to Set. She had an illegitimate love child with Osiris. There are several myths surroundings this story.
- She embodied Isis and seduced Osiris.
- She intoxicated Osiris and seduced him.
- She disguised herself as Isis and seduced Osiris.
It was Nephthys's affair with Osiris which enraged Set, and was just one of the motives for murdering Osiris.
Nephthys was the Egyptian goddess who was most ignored and pushed to the back. Her name means 'Lady of the house.'
- Gods of Egyptian Mythology
Find a rather extensive list of the Gods in Egyptian mythology. This alphabetical listing gives you the god and what he reigns over.
- Egyptian Mythology: The Creation Story
Although the creation story is varied, the general gist is quite the same. But, you will find both versions of the Egyptian creation story, either way.
- Egyptian Mythology: Osiris' Story
Osiris's story is actually pretty interesting, if you find being betrayed by your own brother, dying, and being brought back to life by your wife, interesting.
- Egyptian Mythology: The Great Quarrel
Every good myth has it's fights and arguments. Greek and Roman had a number of them. Egyptians have The Great Quarrel between Horus and Set.
- The Human Personality According to Egyptian Mythology
The Egyptians had a very interesting take on what makes up a man (or woman). There are 5 elements that make up a human.
- Egyptian Mythology: The Afterlife & Burial Practices
The afterlife was a very scary and hard time for Egyptians, so they kept very strict burial practices that would aid the Ba to its transformation into the Akh.
eye of horus on December 18, 2012:
mate you has this all wrong for 1 thing the name is amun not atum.
Horus is also one of geb and nut's children. but in one of his hosts he was also the child of Isis's host and Osiris's host. Horus is the god of combat.
Anubis is the god of funerals and mummification. set was not the god of chaos that is apophis . set is the god of the desert. and it is said that he created the sahara
chole on November 07, 2012:
thanks so much this really help me with my project :)
color of life on April 21, 2012:
if somene didn't want you to know about your true spirituality they would call your ancestory a myth then the stories they would be made to seem like a movie of sorts you know stretch the truth as to where it no longer seems to be
POOP chip on January 17, 2012:
This is great information and it helped a lot with my egypt project. Thank you!
kat on November 29, 2011:
thanks this was really useful info. im doin a project on egyptian gods.very accurate.
isis on November 13, 2011:
I really need facts and interesting stuff about isis can you please help ??? P.s. My Name is really isis
Student on October 30, 2011:
Hi, I am a grade seven student and I would like to use some of your pictures for a school project that would make no money. Please reply, thanks!
philipandrews188 on September 29, 2011:
Never knew about Egyptian Gods before. Thanks for this wonderful information I found.
? on May 21, 2011:
Lets get this right! Osiris is god of the underworld and Isis is his wife is Isis. And Horus isn't the god of the sun, he's the god of warriors and protector of the pharaoh. Get it right
HoshiLuvzCandy on April 11, 2011:
from my reaserch; most of this is correct, but i did just scan lol, but thanks, i needed this for a project
ck3137 on February 15, 2011:
I am confused about the combining of gods in Egypt and I was wondering if someone could explain it. (For instance, is Amun-Re a manifestation that both Amun and Re share,or is it a whole different god?) - any explanation of this subject would be greatly appreciated :)
journeywork on January 25, 2011:
Nut is actually the sky *goddess* and Geb is the earth *god* -- it's unusual, but that's the case. (If you look at images of Nut, the figure is clearly female.) This is well worth a correction in the article itself.
unknown on December 20, 2010:
thanks for the family tree it really helped me with a homework project
Dave Crits on November 19, 2010:
That's is very good! you should have more pics
Rod Martin Jr from Cebu, Philippines on October 19, 2010:
An interesting stroll down memory lane... Not!
Very intricate and confusing. I don't doubt, though, that if there is some truth behind the myths, that the truth is a bit more simple and understandable.
For instance, in the myth of Osiris (Auser), Isis (Aset), Seth (Set) and Horus (Heru), there are many strange images of impossible things happening. Osiris body in 14 parts and Isis having sex with the dead body to give birth to Horus. Or during a battle between Horus and Seth, when they turn themselves into hippopotami, Isis wounds Seth, he begs for mercy and she gives it to him. Horus is outraged, cuts off his mother's head and hides it from her in the mountains. Later, her head is restored and she doubles her defenses.
If one merely looks at these "gods" as groups of individuals, then their stories do not seem so bizarre. Picture instead Isis as a group and the Horus group kidnapping its leader (head) and hiding her in the mountains. Nothing supernatural about the group continuing to live without its head.
Some myth may be a puzzle, seen through the eyes of primitives who did not have adequate vocabulary to relate the stories accurately.
tacorama on October 12, 2010:
i found this very usful
unknown on October 08, 2010:
thank you so much for this tree! This was assigned as homework and it helped me out a lot. THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!
mtsi1098 on July 08, 2010:
Am I glad I did not live in Egyptian times because marrying one of my sisters and having a bird for a child is just too much for me :)...thanks...I enjoyed this
Ashelia on May 20, 2010:
Okay thank you so much you've been very helpful. I've been interested in Egypt for since I was little and I'm learning more each day.
Whitney (author) from Georgia on May 19, 2010:
There are prayers that were said. I do not know any of them specifically, but there were prayers while performing funerals and even a few sleep prayers. There's actually a book that's called "The Ancient Egyptian Prayerbook" that you may be interested in; it features prayers and a section about each.
The Book of the Dead, helped Egyptians to help others who have passed. It contained hymns, spells and instructions to help aid the dead to pass into the afterlife safely. They typically placed it in the burial tomb of the dead.
Ashelia on May 18, 2010:
I see this is all very interesting and I'm learning lots but I know there is a lot of things I still do not know, Are there any prayers from the Egyptian to keep spirits away at night? prayers (or spells)
Alos I wanna know what the role of the book of the dead if you please
Whitney (author) from Georgia on May 17, 2010:
Kebechet was often seen as Anubis' child, the goddess who was in charge of the embalming liquid. She was the goddess of freshness and purification via water.
The Nine (or Ennead) represented natural forces of the world. The group included Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys.
Ashelia on May 14, 2010:
Who's Kebechet? They say he's Anubis's offspring.. and who are The Nine and what are there roles?
Whitney (author) from Georgia on May 14, 2010:
Everything I've researched says that Anubis is the son of Nephthys. Although, I have heard that there are some stories that he is the son of Bastet or even Hastet. The versions of the myth that say that Osiris is his father, Nephthys is the mother- she disguised herself as Isis and slept with Osiris. I have not read or seen much detail about the stories where Bastet or Hastet were the mother.
Horus is the son of Isis. She became pregnant by Osiris after bringing Osiris back, says some stories.
Aselia on May 14, 2010:
i thought Anubis and Horus where sons of Isis?
tyler on May 05, 2010:
good job, altough i need to know who ptah was married to......
maria on November 19, 2009:
thanks need this for report on another website it was so confusing.
Whitney (author) from Georgia on October 26, 2009:
See the creation story link, and you'll find out how he was created.
Taylor Grant on October 25, 2009:
It is interesting but what about Aten the sun god? Did he just pop out of thin air?
Will on July 09, 2008:
Only problem is that it doesn't expand to most gods... I'm working on a complete one myself. It currently has 45+ gods and is growing. But otherwise, very interesting...
Whitney (author) from Georgia on May 04, 2008:
Horus is the god of the sun and the pharaohs, and Anubis is the god of mummification
Kate on May 04, 2008:
so what about Horus and Anubis, what are they the God/Goddesses of?
Bonnie Ramsey from United States on March 08, 2008:
I applaud you for being able to write this hub! I am so confused! I found it interesting and couldn't stop reading it but barely understood all the relationships LOL. I could have never understood enough to write this hub as well as you have. Great job!
singpec476 from Not Too Far Away on March 08, 2008:
Interesting, the relationships get quite complicated, great hub whitney.