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Maya Indians Predicted End of World or 2012

I love history and the events that built countries. Some events have details unknown to the average person, and they are interesting.

Maya Native Population

The Maya Indians have fascinated scholars, as well as, the general population for many years. The Indians are often referred to as Mayan, but that is incorrect. Maya is the term for the Indians and the language in the Mayan culture.

As the Maya population suddenly formed in the Americas with a well-developed and fully functional socio-economic system, scholars often disagree or are baffled as they have no good explanation how this occurred.

Map of Maya Population



How Nomads Originally Came to America

All of the original inhabitants of the Americas are thought to have crossed the Bering Straits when the level of the ocean dropped enough to form a bridge between Alaska and Siberia. Many of the nomads migrated throughout North America and eventually ended up in central and south America.

Records of archaeologist show evidence of the first Maya people as early as 1100 BC. The evidence shows that many of people lived in Copan Valley, Honduras probably came from nearby mountainous regions or the Guatemala highlands. Mayan history is divided into four segments. The Classic period occurred between 300 and 900 A.D. when they were at the height of the pre-Columbian culture.

Pre-Classical Period of the Maya Indian

The Maya people settled throughout the Yucatán Peninsula (over 100,000 miles) from the northern Lowlands, which is a porous limestone shelf, with rain forests extending toward the South. Their population extended into the volcanic mountains, which were referred to as the Highlands, found further south of the region. The civilization had great lords, who were a small elite group that ruled over as many as 50 independent states and tens of thousands of village farmers.

In low lands they primarily produced crops, such as squash, beans, chili peppers, amaranth, manioc, cacao, cotton for like cloth and sisal for heavy cloth and rope. The Highlands and the Lowlands were equally important for trade.

Obsidian, jade and other precious metals were found in the Highlands, which the Maya Indians used for trade. The Maya influence extended into several adjoining areas, as they were great traders.

Mayan Temples



Usumacienta River



Tough Life of Maya Indians

The Maya life was not simple, as there were many dangerous animals found in the Peninsula including the Jaguar, the caiman (a fierce crocodile), the bull shark, plus many poisonous snakes.

Their method of farming was a slash and burn form of agriculture. The numerous small thorny trees in the area were a problem, and it was extremely hot from February to May, which coincided with the time just after the fields had been cut.

They would burn the fields, and the skies would be filled with smoky grit in the air until the rains came in May. The Lowlands received about 160 inches of rain per year and the water drained toward the Caribbean.

The Highlanders used rivers as a form of transportation for both their people and their minerals, which was sometimes difficult due to the heavy rainfall. The Usumacienta and the Grijalva rivers were very important for their trade.

Mayan Calendar



Mayan Rulers and their Temples

The Maya leaders were considered to be divine kings and seemed to be obsessed with power. They built great cities and trading centers and adorned the public buildings with gems, stone and stucco sculptures of deities and mythical creatures.

They ruled the people by dividing them into classes and professions, plus the territories were created with clearly defined borders. Archaeologist compare the peaceful Maya Indians with the blood thirsty Aztec Indians, however, blood sacrifice was used in their religious ceremonies. In addition, they were warlike and raided their neighbors for land, citizens and captives.

If you have ever visited one of the Mayan Temple sites, you will note the flat surface on top after you climb, which feels like a hundred steps.The place was used for blood sacrifice in their religious ceremonies.

Mayan Indians

source commons.wickimedia.or

source commons.wickimedia.or

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Classical Period of Maya Civilization

The Mayas were the first to discover the 0 in mathematics and their writing in hieroglyphics was the only written communication in America capable of communicating thoughts. Hieroglyphic writing represented syllables or concepts and were written on long strips of paper or sometimes carved and painted on stone.

They went from left to right and top to bottom and pairs of columns. They recorded detailed histories and used their calendars to predict future and astrological events. Unfortunately, when the Spanish invaded they ordered the burning of all the books, and only three remained.

The Mayan calendar was their greatest accomplishment, although it did not originate with them but it became the most refined calendar. They used their ancestral knowledge, which guided the Mayans existence and influenced most facets of their lives.

They actually used several calendars and one of them was called the “long count", which was a continuous record of days from a zero day that correlates to August 13, 3114 BC and is considered more precise than the Julian calendar revised in Europe in 1582.

It is often been said the long calendar predicts the end of the world to happen on December 21, 2012. Some scholars believe that the Mayan calendar shows a time of transition from one world age into another, rather than the end of the world.

The Mayas were also great astronomers and kept track of solar and lunar years, eclipses and the cycles of visible planets. In order to accomplish this task they developed a sophisticated mathematical system, which used units written with dashes and bars to represent five units.

Post Classical Period of Mayan Natives

The Post Classic Period between 1000 and 1500 A.D. was a time when the Maya migrated further away from Guatemala and further south in the Yucatán Peninsula. Their accomplishments and artwork were not considered as progressive as those seen in the Classic Period.

The three most important cities during this time were Chichen Itza, Uxmal and Mayap n. The people overthrew the federation that had been ruling them and lived in relative peace.

However, wars occurred between rival Mayan groups until the Spanish conquered the whole region. Chechen Itza’s was abandoned by 1300. The Mayan calendar predicted this event. The Spanish made it a policy to kill all the Mayan priests and burn all the books when they arrived in Mexico. If this hadn't happened we would have a lot more answers about this lost tribe

Mayan Temple Locations

Mayan Calendar

NASA Conclusion

NASA weighed in on the controversy about the world ending in 2012. They stated the last big asteroid hit the year 65 million years ago, and there are no threatening asteroids that large anywhere near us.

Some also thought the world would on September 27, 2017 due to a collision by the plant called Niburu, but no such planet exists.

Solar activity peaks approximately every 11 years, and these peaks usually cause some interruption in satellite communications. Engineers are building new electronics, which will be protected from the solar storms, and there is no reason to believe one will occur in 2012.

They stated will be a rare alignment of the sun, earth as positioned in the Milky Way. They didn’t think this will end the world. Some scientists believed there will be a total magnetic pole shift of the North and South Pole. Obviously this didn't happen, there is no prediction of the world ending, so enjoy your life!

The copyright, renewed in 2018, for this article is owned by Pamela Oglesby. Permission to republish this article in print or online must be granted by the author in writing.


Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on December 16, 2012:

ratnaveera, Thank you so much for your comments.

ratnaveera from Cumbum on December 15, 2012:

Great and interesting article about Mayans. I hope this world will remain safe even after December 12, 2012. I enjoyed also beautiful photos. Thanks for presenting this wonderful and informative Hub! Voted Up!

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on December 15, 2012:

thimadmad, I don't think it is going to end this year either. I appreciate the comments.

acaetnna, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and thanks for the comments.

acaetnna from Guildford on December 15, 2012:

Food for thought ... a great read - thank you!

Madison Gardiner. from Denver, Colorado on December 15, 2012:

Interesting hub. I, like many, do not believe the world is going to end. At all. It seems a bit naïve to think other wise honestly... That's my opinion though. Good read on the Mayans though. Good and interesting hub.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on December 14, 2012:

samadasiam, I guess we will find out soon. I have heard different views from scientist. It is an interesting topic. Thanks so much for your comments.

Samad Aslam Khan on December 14, 2012:

Well I never read such a brief history about Mayan. Nice research you did Pamela99. There seems no logic of polar shift at least on 21 Dec 12. But polar shift is definite and it will happen. Even in Holy Books of Islam says that sun will rise from west. That is only possible after polar shift. Apart from Religion, scientifically it is possible and it has the logic.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on December 14, 2012:

Mimi, Thank you for your comment.

Logoquiz, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.

Missy from London on December 14, 2012:

Really interesting hub, enjoyed reading! Hearing so much about Mayans and the end of the world but very little about the background so it's nice to know a little bit more!

Mimi Hathor from an island found in the indian ocean on December 14, 2012:


Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on December 09, 2012:

KKGals, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.

Susan Hazelton from Northern New York on December 09, 2012:

Very interesting and informative. You've given me much to think about. Wish I had seen this article earlier.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on December 09, 2012:

Melinda, Amen to that. Thanks for your comments.

Melinda is ready to bolt! on December 08, 2012:

only the good lord knows the time and day the world will end just pray and stay in the faith'

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on March 06, 2012:

travel man, I am glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.

Ireno Alcala from Bicol, Philippines on March 05, 2012:

Wow, it's a very yummy hub, Pras! Thanks for sharing your extensive research regarding strawberries.

Strawberry season here in the Philippines starts on the first quarter of the year. Baguio city, our summer capital produces vast of strawberries during the pre-summer season.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on September 23, 2011:

Ingenira, Yes, it is. Thanks for your comments.

Ingenira on September 22, 2011:

Interesting and informative. It's good to know that NASA and the scientist have not found any scientific facts or evidence that the world will end in 2012.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on June 15, 2011:

Jasper, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub. Thanks for the comment.

jasper420 on June 14, 2011:

great info very intresting hub

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on June 08, 2011:

Hanna, Thanks for the comment.

HealthyHanna from Utah on June 08, 2011:

Great hub. Very interesting.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on June 06, 2011:

Ethel, Thank you so much for your comments.

Ethel Smith from Kingston-Upon-Hull on June 06, 2011:

Well it will end sometime but hopefully in millions of years. The Mayans are fascinating I think

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on June 06, 2011:

AngelTrader, That would take a major shift considering all the wars and greed we have now. It certainly sounds good and maybe you are right. I really appreciate your input.

AngelTrader from New Zealand on June 05, 2011:

Rather than a polar shift I believe there will be a massive shift in human consciousness which will bring about an end to the destructive monetary system we are all slaves to.

Everything in the universe vibrates at different frequencies. Human vibration will increase expanding our consciousness which will herald a new age for humanity. The world will not end in a fiery conflagration but its inhabitants will evolve to another level.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 29, 2011:

Susan, I also think that Maya Indians are fascinating. You have to wonder how they could do what no other tribes could do at that time. Maybe we are in for a magnetic pole shift that I don't think the end of the world will be that fast. I appreciate your comments.

Susan Miles on May 28, 2011:

I've always had an interest in the Maya Indian culture. Amazing how advanced they were. As for their calender prediction of the end of days, December of 2012, I'm not so sure. If we were that close to the end of the world there would be more signs than just a date. That being said others have predicted happenings around 2012 as well. Like as noted, a magnetic pole shift.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 27, 2011:

PhoenixV, I appreciate your comment.

PhoenixV from USA on May 26, 2011:

Great Hub Pamela I voted up:)

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 25, 2011:

Shygirl, I agree that no one in this world knows when it will end. Thanks for your comments.

shygirl2 on May 25, 2011:

Who's to say when our world, as we know it, ends. Only one really knows...the creator himself. Yes, there are signs in the Bible pointing out events, but to God, a day can be like a thousand years. I appreciate your hub though. Very thought provoking and informative, Pamela99. Voted up and useful! : )

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 25, 2011:

Cari, I feel the same way and I think 2012 should be an interesting year. I appreciate your comments.

Cari Jean from Bismarck, ND on May 24, 2011:

Fascinating hub, Pamela. I agree with a lot of those who commented that the world probably won't end in Decebmer 2012 - but it sure will be interesting to see what all transpires in 2012! Esp. w/ politics and natural disasters. Many believe we are living in the last days - but to an eternal God the last days could still be hundreds of years away. I'm not too concerned about when the end will come, but I am concerned for others who may not be ready.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 24, 2011:

Glen, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.

Glenn Stok from Long Island, NY on May 24, 2011:

I don't believe the world will end in 2012 but I read your Hub for the info on the lost tribe of the Maya Indians. I find the study of Archaeology very interesting, especially since so much information had been destroyed as you explained in your Hub. Lots of useful info here that you compiled. I enjoyed reading it.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 24, 2011:

K9keystrokes, Thank you so much for your comments. I am doing much better and thank you for asking.

India Arnold from Northern, California on May 23, 2011:

Oustanding work as usual Pam. I think a polar shift is entirely possible and as for the end of the world, gotta live each day as if it really is coming!

@KoffeeKlatch Gals~ Thought provoking button is an incredibly awesome idea and absolutely applies to this hub!

Thanks for your hard work here Pam! Up and Awesome. Hope you are staying on the 'mended' side of not feeling well these days!


Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 23, 2011:

Bobbi, I like your attitude! Thanks for your comments.

BobbiRant from New York on May 23, 2011:

I've decided if I can't take it with me I'm not going. Great hub and I enjoyed reading this interesting look at Doomsday.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 22, 2011:

JY, I sure do appreciate your comment. Thank you.

Steph, Thank you so much for your comments.

Hello, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and I appreciate your comments.

Novascotiamiss, Thanks for sharing the plan and I'll be sure to read it.

misty, I appreciate your comments.

misty95 from uk on May 22, 2011:

Interesting and well organized. My hubs are, some would call, secret knowledge. Teachings on evolution. The 7 layers of illusion around the soul. I glanced the Mayan path, although I gained more spirit Knowledge learning from the scrips of genesis.

Novascotiamiss from Nova Scotia, Canada on May 22, 2011:

I think it's time to become more active and do little things on a daily basis that help improve the environment. I we carry on the way we do right now we are doomed and we've only got ourselves to blaim. I have written a hub for earth day which I recommend:

Hello, hello, from London, UK on May 22, 2011:

Thank youi, Pamela, for your brilliant research. It is a fascinating hub to read. Excellent work well done.

Steph Harris from Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom on May 22, 2011:

Brilliant hub Pamela, very interesting, and I think that novascotiamiss is right, all of these natural disasters are our own fault, maybe if we have the time left, we can start to treat our planet with a lot more respect and save our own culture.

John Young from Florence, South Carolina on May 22, 2011:

Wow of your best yet!

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 21, 2011:

novascotiamiss, You may be exactly right. Thank you for your excellent comments.

Austinstar, I agree!

Lela from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on May 21, 2011:

novascotiamiss has a point there!

Novascotiamiss from Nova Scotia, Canada on May 21, 2011:

Great hub Pamela, you are an awesome writer. The Maya Indians were definitely an amazing culture and so were the Hopi Indians. But like all the other great cultures e.g. Romans, Greeks etc. what happened to them? I personally don't believe that the world will end in December 2012. Nobody can predict the end of the world and I don't think there will be a big bang. Humankind has been increasingly interested in end of the world theories and it scares many people to death - not a good thing. Others profit from the hype by selling end of the world supplies, survival condos and entry passes to heaven. Big business! My prediction is that January 2013 will arrive without much happening. Of course there will be an icreasing amount of disasters and if we don't watch it and look after our environment our quality of life will degrade year after year. May be we will realize one day that we were one of the great cultures that vanish all of a sudden without anybody knowing exactly what caused the collaps.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 21, 2011:

KKGals, I agree with you and appreciate your comments.

drbj, They are truly amazing and I have visited one also. Thanks for your comments.

drbj and sherry from south Florida on May 21, 2011:

Excellent and well-written research about the Maya, Pamela, but I would expect no less from you. I have had the good fortune to visit both Chichen Itza and Uxmal and those temples are extraordinary to see in person. Especially when you realize that those structures were built wihout the assistance of machinery and modern technology. Voted up!

Susan Hazelton from Northern New York on May 21, 2011:

Wonderful article Pamela99, well researched and written. I beleive the polar shift will occur but I don't want to believe that it will mean the end of the wrld. Rated up and awesome. I wish there was a thought provoking button.

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 21, 2011:

Eiddwen, I love history also and like to write about it. Thanks so much for your comment.

AustinStar, I know I found many different theories on the Maya Indians when I was doing my research so I appreciate your addition to the hub. It really makes sense with their temples, their advanced knowledge of astronomy, calendars, etc. that they were not from the same nomads as the Aztecs for instance. I don't think many people believe the world is going to end as predicted on their calendar. Thanks for the comments.

naturegirl, They really are more interesting to study than some of the other tribes and its sad the Spaniards burned their books. Thanks for your comment.

Will, Now that's a point I can agree with and I appreciate your comments.

WillStarr from Phoenix, Arizona on May 21, 2011:

The world may well end in 2012, depending on who we elect!

Great article, Pamela, and voted that way.

Yvonne L. B. from South Louisiana on May 21, 2011:

Very interesting article. The Maya had a fascinating culture so long ago.

Lela from Somewhere near the heart of Texas on May 21, 2011:

Hi Pamela. Nice hub and one of my favorite subjects. I would like to point out one thing though. I have done quite a bit of research on the Maya and the paleontologists have a viable theory about the Mayans coming over from Indonesia instead of the Behring Strait.

There is a lot of evidence to suggest that the temples of Palenque, Chichen, Uxmal, etc. have many similarities to the Dagobos of Ceylon, Boro Budor, temples in India and Malaysia.

There are no temples known to have been erected by the plains Indians of the northern tribes. So we can conclude that they did not have the same industrious ancestors.

Also, it should be noted that the Aztec may be descendants of the plains indians and they copied much of what the Maya had already developed.

As far as the Mayan calendar marking the end of the world, it does not. It is just the end of their long count. It starts over again as usual just like our calendars do on January first.

Eiddwen from Wales on May 21, 2011:

Hi Pamela,

This is a brilliant hub and one that I will be bookmarking as well as voting up.

It is only in the last few years that I have had a great interest in history and this one is definitly a treat. You have obviously worked so hard to publish this well informed and beautifuly presented hub and your work has paid off without a doubt.

Here's to many more hubs to share.

Take care


Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 21, 2011:

prasetio, I am grateful for your kind comments and glad you enjoyed the hub. Thank you so much.

Happyboomernurse, I agree. It would explain so much about the Maya Indians if we had their books. I appreciate your comments.

Gail Sobotkin from South Carolina on May 20, 2011:

This was a very well researched and interesting hub and I thank you for sharing it. I rated it up, useful and awesome. I'm always fascinated by other cultures and you've done a great job of describing the Mayan culture.

Tis a shame the Spanish invaders killed all the Mayan priests and destroyed the Mayan books, which leaves many questions unanswered and unanswerable about their knowledge and beliefs.

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on May 20, 2011:

I had never heard about Maya Indian before. I just remembered a little from the movie when I was kid. Thanks for writing and share with us. Pam, you have done a great research here. I always learn and learn something new from you. You deserve got my vote and I'll push all button, except "funny". Have a great weekend!

Love and peace,

Pamela Oglesby (author) from Sunny Florida on May 20, 2011:

Acer, Yes, it is already occurring. Thanks for your comment.

SunRob, I will check out your hub. I appreciate your comments.

acaetnna, I'm glad you enjoyed the hub and thanks for your comments.

always exploring, The world is amazing and there has been such tragedy this year. I appreciate your comments.

Ruby Jean Richert from Southern Illinois on May 20, 2011:

This was so interesting. I do wonder about the year 2012. The world is amazing..So many people, all with different cultures Thank you for bringing us a look at this one.


acaetnna from Guildford on May 20, 2011:

This is incredible and certainly much food for thought - thank you so much!!

James W. Nelson from eastern North Dakota on May 20, 2011:

Great hub, Pamela99. I too have a theory or two about 2012, if you would care to take a look. The name of hub is 2012: Colliding Galaxies?

Mentalist acer from A Voice in your Mind! on May 20, 2011:

The polar shift seems to be a fact,but with little harmful effect,it's happened before.;)

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