Updated date:

Facts about Homo Sapiens that You May Not Already Know


Aya Katz has a PhD in linguistics from Rice University. She is an ape language researcher and the author of Vacuum County and other novels.

Humans often live in family units and build artificial shelter

Image Credit: Wikipedia

Image Credit: Wikipedia

Perhaps you are considering adding another human being to your household. Or maybe you have no experience at all with human beings, and this will be the first one you encounter. This hub will give you some basic facts about human beings and the necessities without which they cannot live.

Humans, according to the Wikipedia

Homo sapien idaltu

Humans are scientifically classified as homo sapiens sapiens. Their nearest relation, homo sapiens idaltu, is extinct. Their closest living relatives are the common chimpanzee and the bonobo. Humans and chimpanzees can get along just fine if raised together from infancy, but if you already have an adult chimpanzee in your household and are just now thinking of acquiring an adult human being, you will have to keep them separate. Since they both occupy the same ecological niche, humans and chimpanzees who have not grown up together are in natural competition and pose a threat to one another.

In the past humans have been in competition with a number of other hominid species, but they have always managed to drive the others to extinction. In the wild, humans are in the process of exterminating their closest relatives, the great apes: the chimpanzee, the bonobo, the gorilla and the orang utan.

Great care must be taken to keep your humans and your other apes in separate habitats, unless brought up together from infancy.

Bushman language and lineage

Beami People: Papua New Guinea (This video won't embed so click through to YouTube)

Human beings are one of the most intelligent animals on earth and interacting with them can be a real joy, but there are many pitfalls for beginners. Try to educate yourself about humans, before you decide that a human is right for you.

Here are some common misconceptions about human beings:

  • Humans come with a ready-made language acquisition device and they will start talking on their own, no matter what you do to them or how they grow up.
  • Humans smell bad, and you need a really elaborate sewage system in order to handle their waste products.
  • Humans needs shoes and clothes and if you don't give them these necessities they will be unable to walk or go out of doors.
  • Humans need to be given elaborately constructed housing, and if you do not provide this for them, they will perish.
  • Humans can write, read, draw and cipher, as well as perform great musical, mathematical and artistic feats.
  • Humans have no internal mechanism to limit procreation, so they have to be sterilized to avoid overpopulating their habitat.
  • Humans have no internal mechanism to limit over-eating, so unless you limit their food intake, they will eat till they burst.
  • Humans are greedy and will hoard things, so the only way to make sure a group of them gets along is to distribute toys equally.
  • Humans get bored easily, so extra enrichment should be provided for, or else they will start to self-mutilate.

None of the above is true. In the next sections we will discuss what is true about humans.

  • Language is Learned
    You may have heard it said that all babies have the same linguistic abilities at birth. This is true. They have no linguistic abilities at birth. No child is born knowing language, and early infancy and...

Language does not come built-in

Because so much is made of the ingenious abilities of humans to manipulate language, many mistakenly believe that homo sapiens come with a built-in language module. They do not. Leave a human alone with no companions who speak, and no matter how well the other basic physical needs are met, if the environment does not contain language, language will not emerge. Even if you raise humans in groups of infants, language will still not emerge. Companionship alone is not enough.

When humans are brought up by other humans, the language that does emerge for each new child as speech is acquired turns out to be the language spoken by the people in the child's environment, not the language of the child's genetic ancestors. If you take an infant from his group of origin and raise him among others not genetically related, he will acquire the language that those around him speak. If you raise an infant among non-humans, the language acquired will be the language used by the non-human group, if the human has the physical ability to perceive and produce the signals that the non-human group uses for communication.

If you acquire a human, in order for the human to produce some sort of language, the human must be exposed to language in the environment in which you raise it. Absent this, the human may be perfectly healthy, but will have no access to language.

So if the question is, why isn't my human talking, one answer might be: have you spoken to it? Have you tried to encourage it to talk back? Do you listen to your human?

Language doesn't just happen. Language is learned.

The need for a sewage system is a function of population density


Keeping Humans in An Artificial Environment is Expensive and Requires Special Accommodations

Before you acquire your human, consider the amount of space you have in which to keep it and the amount of expenditure of resources that you are willing to allot to this project. Are humans expensive to keep? Not really, if you keep them in a natural environment, they will feed themselves and take care of all of their needs. But remove them from their natural environment, and they become very expensive.

For instance, you probably already know that humans come from earth, and that they evolved to breathe oxygen and to eat other carbon based life-forms. So, if you are planning to keep them in outer-space in a small enclosure, this will be a very expensive undertaking. Nothing that they need to survive is available in such an environment, and everything will have to be brought in, at great expense to you. Not only that, but you will have to find a way to dispose of their waste product without polluting outer-space.

But if, on the other hand, you breed homo sapiens on their home planet, or on another planet similar enough so that no artificial means are required, they practically raise themselves!

But what about their droppings? You may have heard from others who raise humans that humans are very dirty, that they smell bad, and that they pollute everything they touch. This is not at all true. It depends on how you raise them.

Pollution from humans is a function of population density. When you have very few humans per square mile, then they do not even need a sewage system. They can defecate wherever they like, and their droppings fertilize the ground and help them to grow new food. Everything they produce is biodegradable, and it recycles itself. Keeping humans like this is a very low maintenance job, and it is quite economical.

However, if you allow population density to rise drastically, then they will need a sewage system and many other measures will have to be taken to pay for their keep. Humans do this themselves in many of their cities. A human living in the city is a little like a human in outer-space -- very labor intensive.

So the key to an easy maintenance human habitat is low population density!

Roman Sewage Syste,

Population Dynamics and Strategies to Limit Procreation

But how do I keep the population of my homo sapiens down, you may be asking yourself. Do I have to periodically exterminate some of them? Or should I sterilize them? The answer is no and no. There are natural methods of population control that work much better.

If you spay and neuter your humans, then you will not be able to maintain a healthy population. Under such conditions, humans will be available only from breeders, and this merely promotes the establishment of human mills, cruel places where all humans ever do is live in overcrowded conditions and breed.

So let's review the facts about human procreation. As you may already know, humans are mammals. They come in two sexes, male and female, and the female does most of the reproductive work -- so the bottleneck for production of new humans is in the female reproductive system.

Human females come equipped with natural birth control. When their body fat falls below a certain level, they will not ovulate, and no new young will be produced. This method is sufficient for hunter-gatherer populations, and will keep population density down, as food supply and food consumption maintain a natural equilibrium.

But what if my humans discover agriculture, you may be asking. Do I have to sterilize them then? No, not necessarily. At this point, social organization becomes really important.

While it is true that human newborns are more or less equally divided among males and females, with perhaps a few more females than males for every hundred born, when they form family units, they don't necessarily form monogamous pairs for life.

Human coupling can fall into the following combinations:

  • monogomous pairs for life
  • serial monogamy
  • polygamy
  • polyandry

Let us now consider the reproductive repercussions of each system. Polygamy is the system that is best if you are attempting to grow a sizable population from a small starter group. In a polygamous group, female productivity is optimized, as a single male can fertilize many females a day, while each female takes nine months to bring an infant to term, and about five years to bring the infant to a less dependent state so that the mother can begin to care for another infant. Polyandry is the system that minimizes reproduction. Since the female is the bottleneck for production, having a single female mate with several males who limit themselves to her will produce the fewest number of offspring.

To give an example: If a single male and three females are mated, and each of the females bears four children over a reproductive period of twenty years, then the four individuals will have produced twelve children, which is three children per person, and will cause the population to grow rapdily. In a single generation the population will triple.  But if a single female is mated to three males, and she produces four children over a twenty year reproductive span, then there will be four children produced by four individuals, and this represents zero population growth. Various forms of monogamy produce an intermediate result. For instance, a human male and female mated for life might produce four children in a twenty year reproductive span. This is a reproductive rate of only two new humans per individual, but it will mean that the population will double every generation. If you have a limited habitat, you can see that polyandry is the best solution.

The following video is one in which such a reproductive arrangement is featured.

Some Humans Practice Polyandry to Limit Birthrate

Is polyandry the only solution to the population problem among humans who have discovered agriculture? No, but it is a good natural solution that does not require either contraception or abstinence. Once humans arrive at the industrial level of social organization, many contraceptive means will be available to them. Since females are the ones who bear most of the reproductive burden, they should be entrusted with access to contraception. Self interest will help to limit population growth naturally, if those who are responsible for the support of young are given the power to decide for themselves how many young they can support.

Material Objects and Enrichment

Perhaps you have read one of those manuals on keeping your humans happy. Maybe you saw pictures of humans sitting on chairs and wearing shoes and living in palatial residences and eating on tables with implements made from silver and gold. You may be thinking: do I have to provide my humans with all of that? Will they feel deprived if I don't?

Humans don't actually need any of these things to survive or even to thrive. While they enjoy playing with toys, humans do best when they are left to their own devices and allowed to create their own material culture.

Many of the objects humans use are not actually good for them. Take shoes, for example. Someone may have told you that without shoes the human foot is too tender, and that humans cannot even walk unless their feet are shod.

Nothing could be further from the truth. No animal could evolve on its own with such a dependency on objects manufactured by others. Clearly, the human foot is designed to walk and run. If left barefoot, humans develop a strong outer layer to their soles that is impermeable even to the sharpest rocks. The posture of humans is best when they are barefoot. Their highest achievements in speed and endurance for running are when they wear no shoes.

The only human who cannot walk without shoes is a human who has been wearing shoes all his life. It is the use of shoes that creates a dependency on shoes. The same is true for almost every technological advancement created by man.

Shoes -- A bad habit that reduces the ability to run

Photo Credit; Wikipedia

Photo Credit; Wikipedia

Some of the world's best runners perform barefoot

1960 Olympic Gold went to Abebe Bikila, who ran barefoot

Ancient Egyptian Chair -- a luxury article only for royalty

Photo Credit: Wikipedia

Photo Credit: Wikipedia

Chairs -- Not Necessarily a Healthy Habit

Photo Credit: Simple English Wiki

Photo Credit: Simple English Wiki

Historically chairs were first available only to humans of very high rank

So what should you do about material objects? The best policy is to do nothing. Let them make their own things and work hard for what they achieve. The striving is what makes them happy.

If you build your human a palace and fill it with toys, he will become bored, destroy his toys and even engage in other self-destructive behavior. But if you allow your human free rein in his own habitat to create whatever he likes from the natural resources at his disposal, you will have a happy, fulfilled human being.

Humans appreciate achievements that they themselves have earned.

But what if some of my humans manage to make bigger and better toys for themselves than some of the others? Should I intervene and redistribute the toys, so that everybody has an equal amount? No!

The less you intervene, the better it will be. If you give a human something he did not earn at the expense of another human, you are corrupting the group, and soon all will become dependent on you to provide them with everything. Leave them alone, and they will take good care of themselves.

Humans and Eating

Are all humans gluttons who will gorge themselves until they burst? Should I put my human on a restricted calorie diet for the sake of its own health? No.

The misconception about nutrition and eating is similar to the reproductive problem. Humans do have built-in mechanisms to limit over-eating, and these mechanisms work under natural conditions. But if you feed your humans an inappropriate diet, especially one low in fat, they will attempt to compensate by over-eating. Beware of commercially prepared human foods, like Purina Human Chow. While such foods boast a "well-balanced diet" and they may contain all the vitamins, minerals and calories your human could desire, many are grossly deficient in fat content and especially lacking in the essential fatty acids without which humans cannot live.

If your humans are harvesting their own food from the habitat, chances are they will be fit and trim.

Other causes of over-eating are as follows: anxiety, boredom and sexual frustration. But again, if you have provided your humans with the right habitat, these problems will never come up!

Art, Science, Math

I have heard some complain that their humans do not achieve the results that are expected of them. Aren't humans supposed to be capable of erecting pyramids, creating beautiful art, solving difficult mathematical problems? Why, they ask, can't my human do any of these things?

The answer is similar to the language problem. While most humans are capable of learning language, it is very difficult to find one who can invent a language all by himself, without ever having experienced language. Many humans can use implements, but it is a rare human who can invent one. Talents and abilities among humans vary immensely. The collective achievements of the human species are due to the innovations of only a few unusual individuals.

To properly appreciate the human you have been given, forget about the achievements of all humanity and concentrate on what your particular human can do.


Humans are among the brightest creatures you will ever meet. They make delightful companions and can gives hours of pleasure and enjoyment. If you understand their strengths and limitations, then the experience of keeping humans can be very positive and enriching.

(c) 2009 Aya Katz

Related Hubs


Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on January 08, 2014:

Thanks, WiccanSage.

Mackenzie Sage Wright on January 08, 2014:

So amusing, and very clever. I agree it could definitely be used for educational purposes. Great job.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on January 08, 2014:

Thanks, SweetiePie. I am hoping to have this material more widely disseminated in the coming year.

SweetiePie from Southern California, USA on January 07, 2014:

This hub covers a lot ground, and would be good reading for people who want to learn more about how societies evolve. From an anthropological standpoint, I think it would make a create article for a teacher who is teaching an introductory course on the subject.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on January 07, 2014:

Jodah, it is good that you are reading up on the subject before making the commitment!

John Hansen from Queensland Australia on January 07, 2014:

Great hub. Glad I read this as I'm thinking of getting a pet human as soon as I have set up an appropriate area for it. This is helpful.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on January 07, 2014:

Thanks, Tasha0nthetown.

Natasha Pelati from South Africa on January 07, 2014:

Very interesting hub!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 29, 2012:

Thanks, Jonas. I'll take a look.

Jonas James from Adelaide, South Australia on September 29, 2012:

Hi Aya, here's some frightening information for you contained in the UN Ageing Population Report. Read the conclusions at the end of the report.


As for Calhoun and his research, just Google it and you'll find loads of information - John B Calhoun - Density Dependent Birth Rate.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 27, 2012:

Jonas, do you want to post a link to the study? I am not familiar with it.

I doubt that the world of the future will be peopled by those who have abandoned parenthood. If the human species is to continue, then it's those who have not abandoned parenthood who will keep it going. At what rate they will reproduce, and what percentage of their offspring will survive to reproduce again, is of course a very interesting question to which I do not have the answer.

Jonas James from Adelaide, South Australia on September 27, 2012:

Aya, most women, and indeed men, are poorly equipped to have such a reasoned view of the future. However, despite the choices of those you know, the rest of the world is slowly abandoning parenthood. This is a factor of a long-term structural process (biological-economic). To understand the process I am referring to a study of Calhoun's work is the first step (DDBR).

Anyway, thank you for your responses.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 27, 2012:

Jonas, I'll admit that I don't really know what is going to happen food-wise after a full collapse of the global economy. I do know many young women who have just passed through puberty, and I can assure you that in the circle of these acquaintances, postponing motherhood indefinitely is not what is on their minds. Some of them have mothers who brought children into the world as teenagers, and some have mothers who postponed motherhood because of careers. The consensus among these young women is that it's not worth it to postpone, and none of them wants to "look like a grandmother" to their children.

Some of these young ladies plan to follow the example of a friend who gave birth to a son while still in high school. Others, who are more cautious, plan to wait until their early twenties. Some are planning to marry and divorce several times while they are young, so as to have children by several different men, to see how well each child turns out.

In the event of a famine, many will die, and the women during the famine will cease to ovulate, so there will be fewer children conceived. But we are not facing that at the moment. In a recession, when there is less hope for advancement, there is less reason to postpone parenthood -- unless you actually don't want to be a parent. While it's true that some people feel that way, most do not -- and women in particular have a strong drive to risk parenthood even under less than optimal conditions.

In the long run, ZPG has to contend not with those people who give up on reproducing, but with the children of people who reproduce no matter what happens, because their drive is strongest. Evolution favors those biological units that give priority to self-replication -- not the few who are so cautious about the future that they entirely give up on trying.

Jonas James from Adelaide, South Australia on September 27, 2012:

"But if you understand the psychology and biological underpinnings of the human animal, you will not be thinking that this kind of logic applies to decision-making by the female of the species."

Aya, if a woman cannot find a job, or her partner is also unable to find a reasonable income, the chances that this pair will have babies is extremely low. Given that urbanization is increasing and the global economy has been in a steady decline since 1968, we can understand why the global birth rate is also declining rapidly. I am talking in terms of facts here Aya, not opinions. I urge you to go and check the figures for yourself. Perhaps conducting a survey of young women regarding their plans to have children will open your eyes somewhat; young women are not as interested in having children to the same degree as their mothers or grandmothers were. We are undoubtedly moving into the age of bachelor/single parent families.

Final point, there is plenty of food available right now, but what about after the collapse of the global economy? I doubt there will be much food around then.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 27, 2012:

Jonas, what you say is logical: it would make sense not to have more babies in bad economic times, from a purely economic perspective. But if you understand the psychology and biological underpinnings of the human animal, you will not be thinking that this kind of logic applies to decision-making by the female of the species. At present, even in hard times, there is enough for everyone to eat in the developed world. So... women are going to continue to ovulate, will have less money for contraception and more time on their hands. The maternal drive is a very strong thing. Women who postpone motherhood need compelling incentives to do so. Without those incentives, motherhood is the most natural outcome.

Jonas James from Adelaide, South Australia on September 26, 2012:

“But that bubble has pretty much burst, as today's youth are aware that a college education will not necessarily get them a better job -- or even any job. This means that postponing motherhood for the sake of a career is now being seen by more and more young women as a trap that may lead to having neither children nor a career. The trend is to start families at a younger age, now that there is less to be gained by postponing.”

If you are unable to find a job, will you be making plans to have babies? I doubt it. If there is only just enough food in the habitat to support the lioness, she is not likely to be interested in getting pregnant. She may dream of having cubs, but she won’t do so until her economy improves.

The rate of unemployment within our economy is not going to reduce; businesses are interested in cutting costs when the economy is in decline, and technology reduces the demand for labor permanently. Manufacturing plants will never return to the methods of the 1940’s, and the service sector will never abandon their cell phones.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 26, 2012:

Jonas, so what you seem to be saying is that women are choosing not to have children in such great numbers that there will soon be more elderly than young, throughout the globe. That is an interesting take on it.

I would not agree that the urbanized modern woman isn't as interested in children as her mother. I think women's drive to have children hasn't changed. In the past, there were fewer opportunities not to have children, so more women had them whether they wanted to or not. Now there are more choices.

The maternal drive has not diminished. What does seem to have happened is that more urban women in the past fifty years were buying into the idea that motherhood can be postponed indefinitely, and that the children they have in the future will be better off. But that bubble has pretty much burst, as today's youth are aware that a college education will not necessarily get them a better job -- or even any job. This means that postponing motherhood for the sake of a career is now being seen by more and more young women as a trap that may lead to having neither children nor a career. The trend is to start families at a younger age, now that there is less to be gained by postponing.

Jonas James from Adelaide, South Australia on September 26, 2012:

“While there does seem to be some truth to the idea that birth rates decline in urban environments, the real test is not strictly how many are born, but how many survive to reproduce. In US urban environments, I do not believe we have yet reached ZPG.”

First we need to understand this from a global perspective. 96% of the world population is urbanized with only 4% living in the rural settings. 10,000 years ago these percentages were reversed. With our slow migration away from the nuclear family model of the manufacturing age we are now in the midst of a bachelor/single parent family model of the services economy. This migration is having a steady, but increasing effect on the global birth rate. The urbanised modern woman isn’t as interested in children as her mother was, and neither is the modern man.

Currently the ratio between old and young is overturning. Within the next decade or two there will be more old people than young fertile people, and with increasing urbanisation the birth rate will only go down. Currently the UN say global ZPG will occur in 2060, next year they will say 2050, and so on…

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 26, 2012:

Jonas, thanks for the input. While there does seem to be some truth to the idea that birth rates decline in urban environments, the real test is not strictly how many are born, but how many survive to reproduce. In US urban environments, I do not believe we have yet reached ZPG.

Conversely, in rural, non-industrialized locations, while the birth rate is relatively high, infant mortality tends to play a bigger part in balancing that out.

Jonas James from Adelaide, South Australia on September 26, 2012:

Natural Birth Control

You will find that human populations are naturally controlled by population density. Currently, the human population is beginning to level out as a function of density dependent birth rate. Urbanization leads to a decline in birth rate and an increase in aging population (not a good combination for our species longevity!). See the research of John B Calhoun for more information.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on January 27, 2012:

Thanks, TheSingerNurse! Glad you saw the humor in the piece, as well as the serious information.

Tina Siuagan from Rizal, Philippines on January 27, 2012:

I enjoyed reading this hub. I laughed and learned a lot. :D

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 10, 2011:

If you mean, what if your human gets to the point where he wants to run the lives of other humans or to tell them how to live, you might try to show your human by example how little you intervene, and how much better it all works if you leave them all to their own devices.

The trick to "playing God" is to observe how very few instances of "divine intervention" are actually documented or even necessary for the smooth functioning of human affairs.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 09, 2011:

Keeper, in what way? Could you elaborate?

KEEPER on September 09, 2011:

What about Humans that decide they want to be like their owners?

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on August 28, 2011:

Whatevs, glad it helped!

Whatevs on August 28, 2011:

Thanks! really helped!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 30, 2010:

Infogurl, you are doubly welcome!

infogurl on September 30, 2010:

very helpful

infogurl on September 30, 2010:

hi. thanks!this helped me with my project

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on September 26, 2010:

Thanks, WingedCentaur! I like the old Planet of the Apes movies, myself. I suppose in due course this article could be made into an instructional video, though.

William Thomas from That Great Primordial Smash UP of This and That Which Gave Rise To All Beings and All Things! on September 26, 2010:

Marvelous, Aya Katz, well done! I voted this hub up for useful, funny, and awesome. You've given us great information and all that. But you know what struck me the most?

I was impressed by the tone. It occurred to me that the information and layout has cinematic possibilities. What I mean is this: Suppose they made yet another Planet of the Apes movie (did you ever catch the latest remake with Mark Wahlberg?). If you did see it, remember how it ended, with Wahlberg "escaping" back into the future -- entirely run by apes? He landed at the Ape Lincoln monument and all that...

Suppose they made a sequel to that and may a few scenes could be shot with the information (or something like it) that you presented in your hub as background narration. In other words, the opening scenes would explain to other apes how to maintain their humans....

Never mind, just me thinking out loud. Very well done! Great hub!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on August 28, 2010:

Jambo87, thanks! I think it could make a good handbook for Terrestrials as well as Extra-Terrestrials.;->

jambo87 on August 28, 2010:

I think you have written the "Handbook for Extra-Terrestrials" here. I really enjoyed how you chose to structure and word this hub. Very creative and very well implemented.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on July 07, 2010:

Buh, thanks for dropping by. This hub is meant to describe how humans function. It is not an attempt to restructure human society.

Buh on July 07, 2010:

Hypothetico-deductive tripe. Your theories are at best silly and at worst harmful. If you want another futile example of restructuring human society with an incomplete understanding of human nature, ask Karl Marx. He could give you some pointers about how to ruin as many lives as possible with your silly ideas.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on February 09, 2010:

Norah, yes, I am in full agreement. Have you written any hubs about Neanderthals? I would be very interested in reading what you have to say.

Norah Casey on February 09, 2010:

Aya Katz: Yes, and we should realize that our preferential standard of living is not necessarily superior to that of other cultures/groups of people. My focus of study are Neanderthals, but H. sapien interactions with one another are quite puzzling to observe :)

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on February 09, 2010:

Norah Casey, thanks! We are indeed a surviving hominid species, one of many that competed for a similar niche. No doubt we had a hand in driving some of the others extinct. But we should also keep in mind that just because one group of modern humans has adopted agriculture as a preferred life style, this does not mean that all have done so. There are modern day hunter gatherers who are still fighting for their mode of life.

Norah Casey on February 09, 2010:

What a fantastic hub! I laughed out loud at the passage, "what if my humans discover agriculture, you may be asking. Do I have to sterilize them then?"

People have a tendency to think of themselves as something other than a surviving hominid species. It certainly inspires frustrating comparisons between Homo sapiens sapiens and extinct hominids.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on December 05, 2009:

MileyCyrusFan, thanks! Are you related to Crazy888, by any chance?

MileyCyrusFan on December 05, 2009:

wow, i was doing a project on homo sapians and this hub made lots of sence!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 17, 2009:

Crazy888, no problem!

Crazy888 on November 17, 2009:

Thanks! It wasn't a major concern, i just wodered. Your explination makes sence!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 16, 2009:

Crazy888, sometimes when our internet connection is slow, we click on "post comment" and nothing happens. Then we click again, and the message gets posted twice.

I deleted your duplicate message.

Crazy888 on November 16, 2009:

UHHH 1 more question. why does my comments pop up twise. I went to go see if you commented back and i saw this. Can i fix it after 5 minutes!

p.s-i new you were a hub expert so this is why i came to you~!


Crazy888 on November 16, 2009:

wow..that must be hard!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 15, 2009:

Crazy888, I take it one comment at a time!

Crazy888 on November 15, 2009:


whoa how do you repliy to comments for 95 hubs!!!!!!!????

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 14, 2009:

Crazy888, I have published 95 hubs so far. That information is available on my profile page for all to see!

Crazy888 on November 14, 2009:

hey i have a question.....how many hubs have you wroe....you give factual info on it!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 13, 2009:

Enlightenedpsych2, thanks! While I cannot claim to belong to a different species, it does help sometimes to distance ourselves from the human condition in order to gain better perspective.

enlightenedpsych2 from n.e. portion of U.S. on Planet earth on November 13, 2009:

It seems, delightfully so, that you are of another race that can look past the human race, whom are just advanced animals from the biological perspective only. Once an 'animal' of the human race now walking as a biped involved with society, conflict, chaos and an ego--it all becomes a mess. To step outside of that mess and create unity without direct separatism like keeping moneys and chimpanzees separate from people, would be ideal. But the negative constructs such as this one, "Humans needs shoes and clothes and if you don't give them these necessities they will be unable to walk or go out of doors"--is that because of shame, indecency or embarassment all problems of the humn0thinking being on this planet ?

Thanks for sharing an excellent hub !

miss erica hidvegi,

the Enlightenment Advisor

Crazy888 on November 12, 2009:

u there?/\

Crazy888 on November 12, 2009:

My bio is up.....and very long! check it out...you will find things very interesting about me!

Crazy888 on November 12, 2009:

Well....i am not done on it but i will make sure that i tell you...when its up!

"Time takes time!!!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 12, 2009:

Crazy888, hi. How's the bio coming?

Crazy888 on November 12, 2009:

u there?

Crazy888 on November 12, 2009:

you told me to go easy...what exactly do you mean?

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 12, 2009:

Drew Breezzy, well, I don't know what you mean by "people" exactly. Humans are animals, too, you know! But, yes, I do know a few members of other species who are quite a bit smarter than some of the humans I know.

Drew Breezzy from somewhere in my mind on November 12, 2009:

I know a few animals smarter than people.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 12, 2009:

Jawa Lunk, I'm glad that this information is of use to your planetary expedition!

Jawa Lunk on November 12, 2009:

Very informative, I will report this back to my mothership so that our planet can get this information to our leders. This looks like a good planet to start with...

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 11, 2009:

Hi-Jinks, you've got a point there.

Crazy888, go easy, will you?

Crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

wow Hi-Jinks thats a laugh!

Crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

realy funny

Hi-Jinks from Wisconsin on November 11, 2009:

Human beings maybe the most intelligent animals on earth, only and only if they first don't blow the place up.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 11, 2009:

Crazy888, thanks.

Crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

anyway i saw your other hub article. I loved it!

Crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

oops didnt sign in there!!!!!

crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

Thanks....try to ketc you on this hub later.....c u!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 11, 2009:

Crazy888, you're welcome. I look forward to seeing what you came up with.

Crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

thanks! good advise......i wrote some hub on some recipies....wow....you should be an advise colomest 2!!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 11, 2009:

Crazy888, thanks!

I recommend that you write about something that matters to you. It should be something you know about, are interested in and have something new and interesting and unique to share with others.

Crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

Also thanks for always commenting back! I like to keep in touch even if it is over the computer!!

Crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

Thanks! Some of my other friends who are also doing a project on homo sapins(not seventeenagain or AbercrombieFitch} actualy recomened this hub to me. A very good read. What do you recommend for hub that i should write. Thats what im having trouble on!

thanks again!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 11, 2009:

Crazy888, welcome to Hubpages! Looking forward to hearing more from you!

Crazy888 on November 11, 2009:

sorry....my question I had, is already answered. i recommend to make more hub like this! i now have my own hub account. try to drop by soon.



Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 10, 2009:

Crazy888, thanks for dropping by. Sorry I missed you again. I do not mind long comments if they are to the point. You say you have a question. I'll be happy to help if I can. I can't answer it till you ask, though.

crazy888 on November 10, 2009:

wow...i dont mean to be mean but i was reading some of these comments and some people write soooo much about your hub(still confused what hub is!)Doent it give you a head ache reading all of this!

-im reading this hub(?????) for like the second time in a row. This is really helping my projcts!!



crazy888 on November 10, 2009:

anyway...im a freak about comments! i always want to write more! sorry if you think its annoying about commenting on everything!!!!!! hope to see you soon! [Acually i cant see you i can only talk to you with words!!]


crazy888 on November 10, 2009:

hey..thanks!!!its okay that you were not here for the comments! hows it going....i have a quuestion about hub......what is it?

thanks again


Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 10, 2009:

R.G. San Ramon, thanks for your thoughtful comment!

Addiction to shoes is not always irreversible, but that does not mean that it isn't an addiction. A heroin addict will go dry, too, if the supply of heroin is suddenly cut off, but the process is extremely painful. A person who has been wearing shoes all his life can unlearn this habit, but if shoes became unavailable and this person were called upon to run a marathon or trek for miles in search of food over rough terrain, there would be bloody feet and much pain, all of which could have been avoided by not having ever worn shoes in the first place.

About language, I think you are mistaken concerning the experiment you describe. Read my hub, and then we'll talk more:


Other animals are capable of language. See here:


Yes, I have finally resolved my problem with Adsense. Thanks for asking!

R.G. San Ramon on November 10, 2009:

A good read. About the shoes, maybe it's not about not letting humans wear shoes versus letting them wear shoes. Just because we use something does not mean we're addicted to it. Like, I've been using hubpages to publish hubs but it does not mean I won't be able to publish anymore should hubpages close down, or that I'm totally dependent on my computer. Dependency is a behavior, and can hopefully be changed; and shoes are not as addictive as drugs. :P

About your position on language being learned. It's probably too early to say that, although that is generally what is accepted in the scientific community. Consider those who cannot speak (nor understand language) because of some brain abnormality. No matter how much he/she tries, he/she won't be able to communicate via speech, because he/she does not have the capacity to learn it. Now what if the rest of the animal kingdom are speech-limited because of their physical make-up? Now think about when language first came about. Generally, linguists say that speech and communication started from sounds, pictures, gestures, etc. This things are, well, shared and probably learned, but firstly, invented and gradually "evolved" (perhaps). And I remember one of my teachers back in high school say that there was an experiment where an infant was raised in a cave with a caregiver who was instructed never to utter a word. It was reported that the child actually spoke - a word, older than what is used at the time of the experiment, which means "mother". I haven't read the actual report, though, but it does raise an interesting question.

Going back to the hub...thanks! I had great time reading it. Hope you publish more hubs like this. :) And btw, have you already dealt with your problem on adsense?

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 09, 2009:

Crazy888, Seventeenagain, AmbercrombieFitch, sorry I missed your comments earlier. Hope your project turns out great! Feel free to drop by any time!

Crazy888 on November 09, 2009:

thanks again.....off to finish the project.....i will see if you are here at the website later...hopefully.....

I know you probualy have something beter to do to!!!!!

c u later and thanks 4 the help!!!

seventeenagain on November 09, 2009:

well i think its nice for you to do all of this resurch!!!!

ABERCROMBIEFITCH9984 on November 09, 2009:

anyway....for this project....i need more of the basic facts.....you know. I do like though that you have a chat box thing so people can share oppinions about this!

seventeenagain on November 09, 2009:

i mean its "OKAY"...nuthin super though

Crazy888 on November 09, 2009:

anyway..this projects a pain....but this factual info you put up on this website! where did you learn about this?

Crazy888 on November 09, 2009:

u still there??

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 09, 2009:

Crazy888, cool! I'm glad this is of help to you on your project.

Crazy888 on November 09, 2009:

we are all at the same computer....doing a project on homo sapians....we are arguing about the webstes info....I THINK ITS GREAT!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 09, 2009:

Crazy888, thanks... I think.

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 09, 2009:

SeventeenAgain, sorry if this was too dry and factual!

AbercrombieFitch, hey are you and SeventeenAgain and Crazy888 friends? You all seem to be at the same IP address.

crazy888 on November 09, 2009:

cool...thanks this is an awsome website....out of this hub!!

Crazy888 on November 09, 2009:

cool...thanks....i think this is a very good job!

Aya Katz (author) from The Ozarks on November 09, 2009:

Crazy888, thanks! I'm always happy to see that someone has gotten new information out of this hub.

ABERCOMBIEFITCH9984 on November 09, 2009:

yay.....this doesn't give me enough info.....or to MUCH!\

its called editing! people of the world!!!

seventeenagain on November 09, 2009:

i know....i get a little bored in all this factual stuff