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Exams for Biotechnology students in India

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After completing post graduation in Biotechnology you will think what to do next?

If your passion is teaching you have to qualify National Eligibility Test (NET) conducted by UGC lectureship or otherwise better to go for research after qualifying any of the exam given below and get enrolled in PhD.program with a good fellowship amount.

1.CSIR UGC NET JRF exam in Life Sciences

Exam : June & December (twice a year)

Highlight:Eligible for lectureship (NET only).

NET-JRF :lectureship eligibility+fellowship for 5 years for your PhD

Drawbacks: High competition from students from all streams of Life sciences across India. Mostly questions are very tricky and definitely the best exam you can have in your academic life. Questions from Botany/Zoology/Ecology....

How to get it?: you can appear for the exam under result awaited category (RA category) during your last semester. Prepare as early as possible during your PG itself. Study botany/zoology topics along with biotechnology. In this exam remember you are a student of life science.

a) NET JRF (NET-JUNIOR RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP): apart from lectureship, you can do PhD in research institutes or Universities with five year fellowship

b)NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY TEST (NET) only: minimum eligibility for Lecturer / Assistant Professor in colleges and Universities across India. You are eligible for doing PhD in most of the universities and will be exempted from University entrance.

Exam Pattern :Single Paper Test having Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) consists of 3 parts

Time: 3 Hours Max Marks: 200

more about Syllabus,model question papers Log on to:

How to prepare for CSIR- UGC-NET-JRF Life Sciences ?

Molecular Biotechnology Books

2.DBT -Biotechnology Eligibility Test (BET)-JRF


Notification: Jan-Feb

Exam : April every year

Highlight:The only exam where you don’t have competition from other life science students across India. Syllabus comprises of only biotechnology topics.

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Drawbacks: Mostly questions are from hardcore biotechnology.

Only 2 chances and one during your final semester (refer eligibility section).

How 2 get it? : Prepare as early as possible during your PG itself. Collect syllabus and prepare accordingly.

The candidates will be selected based on a written admission test.
JRFs will be selected according to merit under two categories: Category A and B.

Category A fellowship (Top 100 in number): the students can register for Ph.D in any University/Institute in India.

Category B fellowships(150 in number) can register for PhD only at the 70 DBT-Supported Teaching University/Institute running DBT-supported masters Programme, and 10 DBT Institute.

Exam Pattern: The nature of questions is multiple choices only. Total marks: 300

There are two sections :

Section A: Core Courses- 50 questions (Compulsory) (50x3marks: 150 marks) .Questions which cover Basic Physics, Chemistry and General Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Immunology, Microbiology etc.

Section B: Specialization courses-200 questions of which 50 questions are to be answered

(50x3marks: 150 marks). Questions from hardcore Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Biochemistry and other advanced topics.

For every wrong answer 1 mark will be deducted.

DBT BET 2014 Notification:

For further details please visit

How to prepare for DBT BET Exam 2014?

ICAR-ARS-NET Exam Preparation Books


I think the only exam that provides you a chance to become a scientist after your MSc.

Examination conducting authority:Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB)

a) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE (ARS): Direct Scientist recruitment in ICAR institutes throughout the country (pay scale of Rs.15,600 – 39,100 plus Research Grade Pay (RGP) of Rs.6,000/).

b) NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY TEST (NET): for determining eligibility for Lecturer / Assistant Professor in the State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) and other Agricultural Universities (AUs). Now recognised by UGC and CSIR.

How to prepare for ICAR-ARS-NET Exam

ICAR ARS NET EXAM at a glance

A). For Prelim – ARS / NET Examination

TIME: 2 ½ hours MAX MARKS:200

200objective type multiple choice questions (MCQ)

Each question carries one mark

Out of 200 questions 50 questions shall be of General Knowledge derived from the Agriculture & Allied Sciences.

B). For ARS – Main Examination(Subjective type)

(Answer books for only those candidates who pass the Prelim ARS/NET Examination will be evaluated)

TIME : 3 hours MAX MARKS:240

The questions from each discipline will be subjective with expectations of descriptive answers. The ARS –Main Examination shall be conducted in the disciplines selected.

C). Viva – Voce : For only those who have qualified ARS MAIN Examination. MARKS:60

Month: Examination will be conducted depending on the vacancy.

For more details

log on to:

ICAR-ARS-NET Previous Questions

4.Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)


Exam: July

Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) only: You can do PhD in research institutes or Universities with five year fellowship (Rs.16,000/month for 1st two years,Rs.18000/-for the next 3 years).

120 Fellowships would be awarded for work in the field of medical sciences with emphasis on Life Sciences (like microbiology, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, human biology, bioinformatics, biotechnology, biochemistry, biophysics, immunology, Pharmacology, zoology, Environment Science, Botany, veterinary sciences, bio-informatics etc.).

Exam pattern

Single Paper Test having Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) consists of 2 sections

The Aptitude Section (Section A): 50 questions (compulsory questions carrying 1 mark) on (i) scientific phenomenon in everyday life; (ii) general knowledge in sciences; and (iii) common statistics.

Section B: The subject Specific Section in Life Sciences.

Answer 75 questions out of 100 questions. Each question carries one mark.

Negative marking @ 0.25 for each of the wrong answer.

more about ICMR -JRF fellowship Log on to:

5. Bioinformatics National Certification (BINC)

Conducted by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India

International students are also eligible to apply.

Candidate must possess a postgraduate degree (Life Sciences)

Fellowships for all the BINC qualified Indian nationals to pursue Ph.D. in Indian Institutes/Universities.

Cash prize of Rs. 10,000/- will be awarded to the top 10 BINC qualifiers.

more details about BINC log on to:

Biotechnology Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

  • MCQ on Biotechnology
    Topic wise(Genetic Engineering, Cloning vector, Gene Transfer method, PCR, , and more) Biotechnology Multiple Choice Questions and answers

Biotechnology Quizzes

6. GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering - Bio Technology (GATE-BT)

Conducted by: IISc &IIT

Examination: Second Sunday of February

Notification: September/October

GATE –BT (Bio-Technology) for B.Tech / MSc Bio-Technology students

In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks.

General Aptitude (GA) questions are of multiple choice type, and carry a total of 15 marks. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 5 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 10 marks).

In the paper bearing the code BT (Bio-Technology), the Engineering Mathematics will carry 15 % of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15 % of the total marks and the remaining 70 % of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

More about GATE Log on to:


© 2011 Deena


ankita shrivastava on June 17, 2017:

Hello, my question is can a student of integrated course biotechnology appear for GATE exam?

Chahal on January 29, 2017:

Hello... I am persuing B.E. biotechnology, i want to do an +phd course after graduating. So which exams and institutes should i follow and starting from when can i start filling the registrations?

YASHILA on December 08, 2014:

hii, Can u tell me more exams details for Phd in India.. I am doing Mtech in biotechnology.

rucha on April 26, 2014:

Hii.... i am in bsc biotech 3d sem. Which exam is useful in biotech? And which corse is biotech related? Plz tell me

swati on October 05, 2013:

gr8 help..

Deena (author) from India on September 18, 2013:

Dear Kavitha,

Yes. you can apply for ICAR ARS-NET exam.

For more about eligibility :

KAVITA on September 12, 2013:

Can M.Sc botany with molecular genetics specialization eligible for ICAR NET?

Deena (author) from India on August 27, 2013:

Dear Madugula,

Definitely, you can apply for ICAR ARS-NET exam.

For more about :

Deena (author) from India on August 27, 2013:

Dear Kalaiselvi,

Plz follow this link:

Career options/ exams after post graduation in biotechnology.

MADUGULA on August 21, 2013:

I completed Biotechnology, am I eligible to icar net?

I don't have any specialisation, I done only common Biotechnology with plant and animal biotechnology as subjects.

Kalaiselvi on August 08, 2013:

Very nice. this will help a lot to biotech students.. I have done my M.Phil in BIotech and am completing 29 this year. Am i eligible for any exams other than CSIR?

Deena (author) from India on May 12, 2013:

Please follow this link:

shree on May 10, 2013:

Hi cn u tel me wen vl b dbt bet 2013 exam results announced ...?

Deena (author) from India on March 02, 2013:

DBT-BET-2013 notification:

Deena (author) from India on February 11, 2013:

DBT-JRF-BET 2013 notification is yet to be announced

This is the link of officaial website:

P K CHOUDARY on February 11, 2013:

Hie ..can i know when is the last to apply for DBT-BET XAM ?

veeramuthu.K on November 24, 2012:

verey nice.

Deena (author) from India on November 24, 2012:

Hai Vinutha,

Regular botany students can appear for this exam and they can select a stream depending on their specialization during post graduation. For distance education botany, I could n't see any clear cut instruction regarding the eligibility. As per ICAR educational qualification guidelines , whatever be the course it should have recognition from UGC.

You can check this PDF file from ICAR for more details:

Hope this will help.

Thanks for the visit.

VINUTHA H on November 24, 2012:

Hello,my question is can MSc in Botany(Distance )appear for ARS exam?

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