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Ephesus Is an Extremely Important Roman City, a Former Civilization on the Western Anatolian Coast

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Beautiful woman of the city of Ephesus

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Nikea

The foundation of the city of Ephesus dates back to the time of polished stone era.

Ephesus, which was the city where immigrants from Greece came to live in 1050 BC, was moved around the temple of Atremis in 560 BC, Ephesus was founded in 300 BC by the generals of Alexander the Great, the city was autonomously shared with the city of Apameia Kibotos. They have minted money, these cities started to behave very brightly semi-autonomously in the classical Asia, in the old period, lisimahos reconstructed the city according to the grid plan in which it found the miletus hippodamos, according to this plan, all the streets and streets in the city cut perpendicular to each other. .


Ephesus, which lived its most glorious periods in the Hellenistic and Roman era, was the capital of Asian cities during the Roman Emperor Augustus and its population was 200 hundred thousand people in 1 and 2 centuries before that time, everywhere was equipped with monumental structures made of marble.


In the 4th century, with the filling of the harbor, trade in Ephesus decreases, the emperor handriyanus clears the harbor how many times the dirt fills, the harbor is filled with marnac tea from the north and the alluviums brought by the small meander river, the ephesus moves away from the sea,

In the frieze at the entrance of the temple of Hadrianus, at the Ephesus ruins, there is the legend of the foundation of 3 thousand years of ephesus and it contains the following sentences.

Adrokios, son of the king of Athens, Kodros, wants to explore the opposite side of the Aegean, first consults with the prophets of the Apollon temple in the city of Delphi, the prophets tell him that he will establish a city where the fish and pig point out, while Androkios thinks about the meaning of these words. They sail to their waters, decide to go ashore when they come to the bay at the mouth of the river kaystros, while firing their passions by burning a fire, a wild boar coming out of the bushes snatches the fish and escapes here, he decides to establish a city here.


Ephesus, which was the main gate between the east and the west, was an important port city, this position enabled ephesus to develop as the most important political and commercial center of the era and to become the capital of Asian cities in the Roman state.


The temple of Artemis dates back to the 7th century BC, the first foundation of which was built by the king of Lydia, dedicated to the goddess Artemis, was designed by the Greek architect Chersiphron at that time, the largest statue shaved phedias polcleitus, It is decorated with bronze sculptures made by kreslias and phradmon.


The temple of Artemis was burned by a greek named herastratus to immortalize its name on July 21, 356 BC, the same night Alexander the Great was born, when Alexander the Great conquered Anatolia, they offered assistance for the reconstruction of the Temple of Artemis, but they refused.


The monumental fountain is one of the two storey monuments on the street, under the foot of the statue of the emperor traianus standing in the middle.


The building, which is one of the most magnificent spectacles of Roman period buildings, served as both a library and a tomb monument. When Celcius, who was the governor of Ephesus in 106, died, his son built the library as a tomb monument for his father, and the sarcophagus of Celcsius was under the western wall of the library.


The church of Mary, which is the place where 431 consul meetings were held, is the first church built in the name of Mary, located in the north of the harbor bath, and is among the seven churches in the Christian religion.


The central part of the 6-domed basilica, which was built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian, and which was one of the largest structures at the time, claims that the favorite tomb of Jesus, st. This church, which is considered to be very important for Christians, is located in Ayasuluk Castle and there is a treasury building baptistery in the north.

The Temple of Serapis, one of the most interesting structures of Ephesus, is located right behind the celsus library, and it is thought that the temple, converted into a church during the Christian era, was built by the Egyptians.