Chinyere's passion for children is sentimental. She extends her love to anyone who needs it,
Inclusive education has been a recent topic of discussion in an education setting to assist physically challenged children to mingle with the normal ones. It isn't an awful program anyway, but you have to adopt an acceptable method of imparting knowledge to enable you to incur a desirable result.
Think of the children in your class. Some find learning very difficult. Can you remember that child who gives concern because he feels he can not improve, no matter the effort you put into his learning? You ought to pay special attention to him to carry him along. Also, keep the fantastic ones on a safer side.
In all classes or groups of children, there are usually some who have difficulties with learning. Some of these children may have general learning problems. While a few others have specific learning problems- perhaps with speech, writing, reading, or arithmetic. You see children with behavior disorders too. Perhaps, I ask you what you understand by mental retardation. Probably, you might say it is madness. That's not so! This article will give a step -by-step guide on how to help a child with mental retardation.
What is Mental Retardation?
Mental retardation reflects a condition of low-level intelligence and functioning, accompanied by traits not acceptable for one's age. You will not understand the meaning of mental retardation if I define it in one sentence or two. You are going to grab it better if it's clearly in steps.
- A marked inability to learn things far below a child of that age has known compared to other children of the same environmental age.
- A reduced ability to develop and use such social living skills. Useful for survival and independent living.
Some of these children often show a degree of emotional disturbances. A child is emotionally down if his behavior deviates significantly from that of a child of his age. You are in a position to identify mentally low children manifest this behavior when they are in groups. Observation is the first step you can take to identify children with learning disabilities.
Everyday Skills of a Normal Child.
- Learning to speak
- ability to go to the restroom
- ability to feed oneself when you offer him food
- ability to wash
- ability to dress up
- ability to adopt acceptable behaviors.
Furthermore, a child is not mentally stable if he can not perform the above skills while growing(between birth and 18 years of age). Those children who are mentally abnormal and emotionally disturbed are likely, restless and always looking unhappy.
To accommodate a poor mental child in your class, you can identify such a child when he exhibits these genetically determined characteristics.
Children who are not mentally stable have physical features which differ from normal children. Some of them have small heads. Some also do have large heads. Likely, some of them have disfigured legs or arms. Some may have large tongues. A mentally abnormal child may be small for his age.
Children who have mental challenges learn very little on their own from objects, events, and activities in the environment. The environment could be school, home, or any other place they may be.
They fail repeatedly, probably made to remain in one class for a long time without reasonable improvement.
They can neither express themselves well nor fully understand others. Likewise, they do not take guides when you offer to help them in solving problems.
They cannot make use of experience in solving new problems. Finally, they are very easily distracted and can get frustrated and fed up with new tasks.
Mentally abnormal children are virtually restless. They do not think about a thing before engaging in it. Often they like to stay on their own. They tend to destroy things and sometimes display anger on everyone, including himself. Not only that, they may fight other children, tear papers and bang their heads on the wall.
Procedure For Identification
I want to identify a mentally abnormal child. How should I do it? There are specific skills you ought to possess. You can apply such skills informally to be able to achieve the desired result. The informal technique involves observing and answering such questions as:
- How well does the child perform in walking, running, rolling, jumping, kicking, catching, and matching?
- Is the child's speech unduly delayed?
- Is his speech loud and clear?
- Does he have a language problem?
- Can the child perform the following skills; combing hair, brushing of teeth, eating, toileting?
- Does the child obey school regulations?
Does the child participate in psychomotor activities
Helping A Mental Retard Child.
That a child has mental retardation does not mean he has no right to education and association. His parents look up to you to use your skills on him, at least to assist him, learn simple social activities. All you need to do here is, teach the child from what he knows to what he does not know.
There is no value in giving him the same class topic as your other children. You may feel like taking him out to save you from additional stress. Definitively, the child needs to mingle with the active children to help him to adapt. Follow these steps to impact knowledge in him:
- If the child can not move his body, teach him how to walk, run, jump, etc. Your topic should be on psychomotor movement till he can move. If that is what he learns a whole section eventually, he begins to move. It is a good development.
- If the child can move but can not talk, teach him how to babble words once, he can open his mouth to babble words, start producing sounds to him. Let him make the sounds repeatedly through rhythmical songs. After, others follow.
- Next, you teach him how to use the restroom to stop him from messing himself up.
- Teach him to how to eat. You can't continue feeding him. Assist him, know how to use the spoon to himself.
- Let him wash his hands regularly.
- Show him how to dress up, putting on his shoes the right way. Button his shirt and zip his trousers.
- At this point, teach him acceptable behavior. Let him know it is wrong to be restless and unhappy.
Make him active through locomotor exercises
This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.
© 2021 Chinyere Okoye
Do you agree with me that mental retard child should mingle with the normal children?
Chinyere Okoye (author) from Anambra ,Awka on October 14, 2021:
Thanks for your contributions, I appreciate it. Allowing them to mingle with normal children is just for them to be able to adapt, I think any serious case should be given adequate attention as you said.
Preye Raymond from Nigeria on October 14, 2021:
Very Insightful and interesting pro-tips. Retarded children should mingle with normal children.
However, given their condition, there should be a limit on how they associate with those considered normal, and here are my reasons:
- To keep them away from those who might likely bully them, or take advantage of their delicate state.
- To protect them from involuntary harm, especially when playing with other kids.
- To also safeguard the lives of other kids considered normal, especially if the mental retardation is worse and can sometimes lead to violent behavior.