December 6 is the day of Mahaparinirvana of great man Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. Let's take a look at the social work he have done.
Chief Architect of Indian Constitution
In India's work for nationalization, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's contribution is incomparable. His superiority was evident in the drafting of the Indian Constitution. In a continental country like India, there is a great deal of regional, linguistic, religious and cultural diversity. However, the task of uniting India through the Indian Constitution is being done mainly.
The spirit of "We All Indians" is enshrined in the preamble to the Constitution, which guarantees social, economic, political justice, freedom of thought and expression, equality of status and opportunity to every citizen of India. That is why the Constitution of India is the source of inspiration for India. The chief architect of this Indian Constitution is Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
Babasaheb did his best while drafting the constitution. He worked tirelessly to create the structure of the constitution. Through this constitution, they have established the principles of establishing social justice. In fact, it is the essence of their lives. That was the ultimate achievement of each of their battles. He tried to unite the society at every moment. He building unity in the society. That is why Babasaheb is also a major architect of social justice.
Any great man has some noble dreams in his life. Their dreams have an ideological basis. Those dreams are the guide of human welfare. Often some of these dreams come true, some remain unfulfilled. Dr. Ambedkar had many dreams in his life which they brought to the truth. Babasaheb constantly thought of uplifting the Dalit, exploited, deprived, neglected groups in India. They should get their rights. Babasaheb worked tirelessly to remove injustice from them and get them justice.
Struggle For Social Inequality
Babasaheb's struggle was against social inequality in India. Because, this inequality was enslaving Dalit groups for generations. His manhood was also denied. There are Satyagraha of Chavdar Lake, Satyagraha of Kalaram Temple can be considered for this. At the same time, the purpose of various socio-political and educational institutions set up by Babasaheb was the same. The important thing is that Babasaheb wrote various books with a radical picture of Indian society. These texts had an objective meeting of research, analysis, evaluation.
'Castes in India developed their origin', 'Abolition of caste system', 'Who was Shudra before?', 'Who is of untouchable origin and how did he become untouchable?' Babasaheb treated Indian society through these books. He examined the religious framework of ethnicity, untouchability, inequality, discrimination and all these.
He explained that the reason for social slavery in India was the traditional religion. For this, he gave them the energy to raise their voice against these systems by making the slaves aware of slavery. It was from this Ambedkar energy that the society was awakened. He regained consciousness. He started fighting for his rights.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar studied the society of this country and showed its inconsistencies. But their purpose was not merely that of a critic. So they expected social change from that. He expected a united society based on the humanitarian values of freedom, equality and brotherhood. For this, he laid down the principles of social justice in the title of the Indian Constitution.
He also made such provision in the articles of the constitution for the implementation of these principles of social justice. Here it is a truth we need to understand. That is, the entire Indian society was in Babasaheb's ideology while drafting the constitution. He was thinking of the upliftment of each group.
Struggle For Woman Rights
His role was to bring social justice to every neglected group. These included workers, farmers, laborers, unemployed, nomads, deprived and tribal groups. Babasaheb enacted various independent laws for the welfare of these groups. Babasaheb's work on the most vulnerable woman in the society is huge. He respected the woman. Her position is equal to that of men, he said. Her rights and entitlements were classified through law so that she could gain prestige in the society.
The "Hindu Code Bill" is a manifesto written by Babasaheb for the emancipation of Indian women. From this he had laid out the existence of woman. There are some conservatives worked hard to prevent the bill from being passed. But Babasaheb did not back down. He resigned from his ministry for the rights of women. Many laws are being enacted today for the upliftment of women. Babasaheb's ideology is behind it. This will not be forgotten.
An important event in Babasaheb's life was his conversion to Buddhism. This event is called 'Dhammakranti'. Religions that have heterogeneity. Religions that have differences, superiority. The religion in which man get behaves like an animal. It is not just a true religion, it is a closed framework. It never leads to human welfare. If this is to be changed, then a religion centered on humanism is superior. That alone can lead to human welfare.
That is where social justice can be established. The Buddhist Dhamma in Indian soil definitely passes these tests. Therefore, Babasaheb accepted the Buddhist Dhamma. He formulated new humanitarian ideas. From which he maintained his Indian identity and also tried to establish social justice.
Overall, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's personality and activism are ubiquitous, and the role of social justice is constantly evident. Ethnic and religious conflicts are being witnessed in different parts of India today. There is a lack of peace and order in the society. Although the law eliminates casteism, the feeling of casteism has not disappeared from the minds of the people. The reverse is true. Fanaticism is on the rise. This adds to the social inequality. Against this backdrop, the contemporary presentation of social justice in Babasaheb's thought becomes more important.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
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