Is it really necessary to enact a population control law? What is the state of India's population? Let's find out about population of India.
Condition of Indian State about Population
Opinion of the Government of Uttar Pradesh in India :
The Uttar Pradesh government has decided to enact a population control law to curb the growing population. He announced the draft law and sought public opinion on it. After that, the UP government came under criticism. There is no need for such a law, the government is taking wrong steps, this law is unjust … Let's see the examination and interpretation of such criticism.
Critics of Uttar Pradesh over the draft Population Control Act say that despite the increase in population, the rate of population growth has been steadily declining in the last 30-40 years. For this, the government (1975, with the exception of Emergency) did not resort to any coercion. All the emphasis is on economic development, public education, enlightenment. As a result, people have voluntarily limited their family size. If the above measures are used more vigorously, the population will be able to be satisfactory in the near future. There is no need to force any law. I don't think the government really needs to legislate for that..
China's Population Law :
Critics also say that we should not make mistakes made by China. China brutally enforced the law of 'one child for every family' for 30-40 years. As a result, the proportion of young people behind the population decreased. There was a shortage of workers. Because, the country is getting old. China was forced to make a U-turn. India is still young. The government should not make the country old by making wrong laws.
It is true that in the next 30-40 years, the rate of population growth has been declining. However, the decline in growth rates is still unsatisfactory, not enough. Also, let's not forget that it took us at least 30 years for the growth rate to become more tolerable.
Population stability :
In the near future, it is possible for another twenty to thirty years for our population to stabilize at this rate (in the minds of critics). But not exactly. What about our total population of 160 crores in these 20-30 years? By 2050, our population could reach 160 crores. This is the official estimate of UNO. The huge population of 150-160 crore does not seem to have given enough thought to how much effort and development the country has to put in to provide adequate food, clothing, shelter, education, health and employment to the workers. For this, it seems appropriate for the government to legislate without waiting for the population to naturally stabilize in thirty years.
If we think from the point of view of the government and also from the point of view of the society, the total increase in the population every year and the total population being doomed due to it is the most worrying thing. This is because the government is primarily responsible for providing food and other necessities to these eateries. For this, the government needs to see that there is no unreasonable pressure on the exchequer. In our country, from 1981 to 2021, every ten years there was an increase in the total population.
State of India Population Statistics
How much increase in population?
There are17 crores in 1981-91, 18 crores in 1991-2001, again 18 crores in 2001-11, at least 17 crores in 2011-21, 13 crores in 2021-31 and only 9 crores in 2031-41. Therefore, even if the growth rate is low, even one per cent annual growth is worrisome as the base is huge. We are giving birth to about one Australian newborn every year.
Provisions in the proposed Uttar Pradesh Act:
Critics say the provisions in Uttar Pradesh's proposed law are unjust, cruel and harsh. In fact, in the proposed law, people have suggested some mild measures to keep their families confined. Critics call such measures as exemption for families with one child, denial of government jobs to families having more than two children, contesting elections and denial of benefits of government welfare schemes as punitive measures.
Because, there is no compulsion here. Unlike China, forced abortion, imprisonment, etc. are not measures at all. Moreover, those who do not want any government help or job etc. are not prohibited from giving birth to more than two children. They can raise a family at their own risk; But the government will not take their responsibility. Overall, all criticism seems to have been made without considering the nature, purpose and requirements of the law.
Let's look at the plight of Uttar Pradesh:
The whole of Uttar Pradesh is a state plagued by all kinds of economic and social problems. Whatever the criteria for economic and social development, the UP is at the very bottom, the first or the last state. Extreme levels of poverty (approximately 30 per cent) 13 (Maharashtra 17 per cent, Goa 5 per cent), per capita income 74,000 (31st out of 33), literacy 58 per cent (last 5th) lower than all India (74 per cent), Urban unemployment is more than 10 percent in 2018, millions of workers live in Mumbai, Gujarat to make ends meet. The Human Development Index (HDI) ranks 35th out of 36 in 2019, but population (23 crore) is highest among Indian states. The rate of population growth was also higher in all the states in 2011-21 (1.69 per cent per annum).
With all this in dire straits, the state cannot afford to wait another 20-30 years to curb the population through long-term economic development and public education. Therefore, this factor of population growth, which is hindering development, must be stopped by legislation (albeit in a subtle way). That is what the Uttar Pradesh government done for population. It is not unreasonable for the Government of India to enact such a law.
Moreover, this law may be changed further in the future. The government has already enacted various laws that are necessary for the population. For example, in order to reduce the number of girls in the country, there is no reason to criticize the Uttar Pradesh government for banning gynecological examinations, insuring a girl child, giving free education to girls, etc.
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