Society is a web of social relationships. Society is not only found in human beings but also in animal societies of varying degrees. We find the societies among ants, birds, monkeys, apes etc. but, there are differences between the two societies i.e human societies and animal societies.
Difference between Human and animal society
Human society is a society of civilized and cultural being but animal society is lacking culture and civilization. The needs of the animals are mostly physical and are met by inherited mechanism. The needs of the human are met by cultural transmission.
Animal society is based on instincts whereas human society is based on reason or rational behaviour. There are no rights and duties in animal society but lives on its physical power. The human society has a wonderful system of law and order.
Though animals like in society, they are unconscious about its membership in it. They do not have reasoning power. The division of labour existing in some societies like ant and bee societies is not learned but is inherited biologically. The societies found the animals is of biologically evolved but among human beings, it is through sociological evolution.
The social organisation that is found among animal society is fixed and rigid but among human being it is more flexible and adaptable depending upon the situation he encounters.
The language is absent among the animals. Though a few birds to animals made to speak cannot transmit that skill to its successors. Where as among human beings well developed language skills are developed and are able to transmit from one generation to the other.
Jonas James from Adelaide, South Australia on September 26, 2012:
The most notable distinction between humans and the remainder of living objects is economy. We operate an artificial cash economy while the rest of the living world operates a food economy.
Ashin Bhadra on June 17, 2012:
I read all of the essay and
it"s superb and i want to thank the auother that "Thanks,for giving us education". :)
Dilip Chandra (author) from India on February 14, 2012:
@ hajara.. may be, may be not. Animals have their own ways of communication and may be (may be not) language as well. But, we do not know anything in particular. In this regard language can be put forth as a significant distinct between human and animal society.
hajara on February 14, 2012:
is language the most significcant distinc between human and animal society?
zulymitchell from Granite Falls, WA on August 29, 2011:
I would have to agree with jujubees. Almost all mammals have a form of communication. It may not be like our kind of communication, but they do communicate with each other. This was an interesting hub. I will be reading more.
jujubees from Rhode Island on August 21, 2011:
Interesting read,and some good points raised, however, I respectfully disagree with your points of view concerning animal society. Wolves, elephants, horses, primates, whales, dolphins all communicate and there is flexibility within their social structure. I totally agree with your points on insects, but not on animals.
Binaya.Ghimire on August 04, 2011:
I have read your couple of hubs, and every time I have enjoyed them. Animal society is based on instincts whereas human society is based on reason - good point.