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Difference between Culture and Civilization

According to anthropologists of 19th century, Culture is earlier and Civilization is later. Everything created by man is culture, civilization is an advanced state of cultural development. Culture developed in three stages:

  • Savagery >> Barbarianism >> Civilization

Alfred Louis Kroeber said Culture is super organic, he has given three forms of culture namely Social Culture (Status and Role), Value Culture (Philosophy, Morals) and Reality Culture (Science and Technology, etc). According to Kroeber civilization is a part of reality culture. Robert Redfield said culture is a totality of traditions and civilization is a totality of great and little traditions.

difference-between-culture-and-civilization

Difference between Culture and Civilization, Sociologists View

CultureCivilization

Culture includes religion, art philosophy, literature, music, dance, etc. which brings satisfaction and pleasure to many. It is the expression of final aspects of life.

Civilization includes all those things by means of which some other objective is attained. Type writers, motors, etc. come under this category. Civilization consists of technology or the authority of man over natural phenomenon as well as social technology which control man's behavior.

Culture is what we are.

Civilization is what we have.

Culture has no standard of measurement because it is an end in itself.

Civilization has a precised standard of measurement. The universal standard of civilization is utility because civilization is a means.

Culture cannot be said to be advancing. It cannot be asserted that the art, literature, thoughts are ideals of todays and superior to those of past.

Civilization is always advancing. The various constituents of civilizations namely machines, means of transportation, communication, etc. are constantly progressive.

Culture is internal and an end. It is ralated to internal thoughts, feelings, ideals, values, etc. It is like the soul of an individual.

Civilization is external and a means. It is the means for the expression and manifestation of the grandness, it is like the body of an individual.

difference-between-culture-and-civilization

Difference between Culture and Civilization, Anthropologists View

CultureCivilization

All societies have culture.

Only a few societies have civilization.

Culture is earlier.

Civilization is later.

Culture is pre-condition for civilization to develop.

Civilization represents a stage of cultural advancement.

Culture is super organic.

Civilization is a part of reality culture.

Culture is a totality of traditions.

Civilization is a totality of great and little traditions.

Comments

tani on November 21, 2017:

gorgeus,very helpful

Simon Antony on May 21, 2016:

excellent clarity in distinguishing culture from civilization...

Mumtaz Ahmad on April 11, 2016:

I think culture is like a player and civilization like a team as no team exist without a player in the same way no civilization can exist without culture .

mithilesh on January 01, 2016:

nice article but not enough...

Sanam Abro on November 08, 2015:

its intresting but too much short.....

saidu ss khalifa on September 30, 2015:

very culture has it is one rules and regulations best on individuality

Mrunalini on February 06, 2015:

Scroll to Continue

If we consider culture as a base of civilization then can we say that civilization is a technological zenith of culture?

Yong Thierry on July 17, 2014:

I am writing a book on Culture and Civilization because even laws don't look into culture. i will need help on my book this is to help so that we should not ignour culture because of civilization we should coïncider culture in all we do

Yong Thierry on July 17, 2014:

I am writing a book on Culture and Civilization because even laws don't look into culture. i will need help on my book

M.A. Awal on May 31, 2013:

We should be culturally developed first which will lead to civilization. If culture is distorted, civilization is not possible.

neeti shah on August 22, 2012:

good one

kishan on May 06, 2012:

very well said

Michael S from Danville, VA on November 20, 2011:

This is really good dilipchandra12. (And thanks for the fan mail!)

abhi on October 03, 2011:

that is correct, we can say in this way also ,culture is language and the civilization represents the country which uses the language, and a country can have many languages.

Muhammad Hamid on February 10, 2011:

In my opinion culture is a map and civilization is a building.

Abhijit Saha on January 25, 2011:

I think civilisation & culture are attached with our life style.

Dilip Chandra (author) from India on October 16, 2010:

christopheranton Thanks for reading my hub and commenting.

Christopher Antony Meade from Gillingham Kent. United Kingdom on October 16, 2010:

It is good to take information from someone who knows hat he is writing about. Thank you.

Dilip Chandra (author) from India on October 11, 2010:

Robwrite thanks for the comment. Am expecting to write some more hubs related to sociology and anthropology. Will try to write brief notes on some terms i've used in the above article.

Dilip Chandra (author) from India on October 11, 2010:

Kershisnik, rui paiva Thanks for the comments.

rui paiva - You are right, for a truly open world, more equitable and sustainable. But the truth is the development of civilization and industry in general has always shown itself so active in the destruction of nature, everything that has been done for their conservation and production is completely insignificant in comparison.

Rob from Oviedo, FL on October 11, 2010:

Thanks for the definition. I like having a clear distinction.

rui paiva from Somewhere in the world on October 11, 2010:

I hope that humanity move towards a more civilized culture with people who appreciate the differences. For a truly open world, more equitable and sustainable.

KershisnikLaw from Boise, ID on October 11, 2010:

Interesting

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