When one hears of the First World War, one imagines a terrible and bloody image of fighting on the edge of the Western Front. This situation, however, shows some lines of reality. But did you know that the scope of the war had spread even to China? And the workers of Asia, North America, Canberra, Australia and Africa also went to war? There are many more such facts about the First World War. Let's know those facts.
An Explosion on the French Battlefield Was Heard in London
While the battle was being fought in the mud and trenches, a different battle was being waged beneath the soldiers' feet. A group of miners tunneled up to 100 feet underground in complete secrecy to plant and detonate mines under enemy trenches. Their greatest success was at Messines Ridge in Belgium, where more than four hundred eight thousand two hundred and thirty-three kilograms of long explosives were detonated in 19 underground tunnels. Much of the German front line was destroyed and the British Prime Minister sat on Dowing St hearing the blast from 140 miles away.
12 Million Letters Were Sent to the Front Every Week
Amazingly it took only two days for a letter from Britain to reach the French front. The journey begins at the purpose-built depot in Regent's Park before boarding the ship at the border. Two million letters and 114 million parcels were sent by the end of the war.
Wilfred Owen Was a Stranger at the End of the War
Wilfred Owen was one of the best-known poets of the First World War. But when he died on the battlefield just a week before the end of the war, he was still relatively little known. At the time, his compassion and horror view of war was only among the minority. This was not possible until the 1960s. Because a literary elite defined the real view of the conflict in such a way that it chimed with their own anti-war sentiments. This led to the publication of two major anthologies of war poetry and largely introduced Wilfred Owen.
Many Women's Skin Turns Yellow from Wartime Work
As a generation of men left to join the war, more than a million women took their place in the workplace. Those women worked long hours. Again, the situation of the workplace was in a bad state. And with the presence of dangerous chemicals! The so-called 'canaries' were women who worked on TNT (a type of explosive material or chemical compound). Due to which they would get toxic jaundice and their skin would turn yellow.
The Youngest British Soldier Was 12 Years Old
When Sidney Lewis was only twelve years old during World War I, he enlisted in the army, lying to hide his age. Lewis was one of those minor boys who reluctantly signed up to join the war. But unfortunately they ended that journey on the battlefield fighting alongside their adult counterparts. Some of them, however, were inspired by the pursuit of patriotism, while for the rest it was a love of escape.
The Issue of Blood Banks Was Developed
During World War I, the British Army organized regular blood drives to treat wounded soldiers. Direct blood donation program from one person to another. A US Army doctor named Captain Oswald Robertson established the first blood bank on the Western Front in 1917. He used sodium citrate for this to prevent blood clotting and prevent it from becoming unusable later. Blood was kept on ice for 28 hours. It was later taken to disaster-stricken bases where it was most needed, i.e. used in life-saving surgery.
Warships Were Colored for Visibility
It was very difficult to get the supplies and food of the army to the battlefield while protecting the enemy from explosions. Royal Navy volunteer and artist Norman Wilkinson came up with the idea of painting ships in strong contrasting colors. The very opposite of normal camouflage, this blazing camouflage confuses enemies rather than concealing them.
9 Out of 10 Soldiers Who Died on the Battlefield Survived
During the First World War it was very rare for a British army officer to be on drill. They were constantly moving from one trench to another on the battlefield, meaning they were often exposed to enemy attacks. The common experience of the British Army at that time was monotony and routine.
The Invention of Plastic Surgery Took Place During the First World War
In World War I, shrapnel caused more facial injuries than bullets. Shrapnel wrapped broken pieces would have changed the whole look. An army surgeon named Harold Gillies was horrified by the wounds. He later pioneered the development of facial reshaping techniques to aid the injured.
Journalists Were Subjected to the Death Penalty
A handful of journalists had to risk their lives to report on the realities of war. Since the government wanted to control the flow of information from the battlefield at the beginning of the war, journalists were prohibited from reporting from there. Any news about the war depended on the opinion of the War Office, ie to aid the enemy. And if the journalists did anything against it, they would have to face the death penalty.
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