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Date of death of Columbus: May 20- 1506

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Date of death of Columbus

He was an Italian traveler, merchant, and colonialist. He was the first European to cross the Atlantic in 1492 and reach the United States (with the Spanish flag). He is believed to be from the Republic of Genoa, Italy.

Columbus sought to find a new way to Asia, especially to India, believing that he had finally reached India.

Columbus is considered the inventor of the United States. His intense involvement led Europe to learn about the United States. And

Columbus was not really the first man to reach the United States today, and his discovery is responsible for the relationship between different continents. Because he found out that people were already living there. They were not the first Europeans. This is because the Vikings migrated from North Europe to North America in the 11th century. However, Columbus's voyage was the basis for European immigration to Europe. That is the main reason for the unification of Eurasia and Africa with the United States.

Columbus was born in 1451 in the Italian port city of Genoa. His father was Dominico Colombo, a woolen merchant. Mother Susanna Pontanarosa. Columbus has three brothers and a sister.

In 1471 Columbus joined a ship run by Espanola Financiers. He worked for a year aboard a ship that sailed around the area of ​​Kiosk (an island in the Aegean Sea). After returning home for a few days, he worked again for another year in the kiosk. At this point, the Achaeans were under Turkish control (they had captured Constantinople on May 29, 1453).

In 1476 Columbus embarked on a voyage across the Atlantic. The ship was attacked by the French Privateers at the Cape of Saint Vincent. The Columbus ship burned and he swam six miles to shore.

Columbus lived in Lisbon in 1477. Portugal served as a hub for maritime affairs with ships bound for England, Ireland, Iceland, Madeira, the Azores, and Africa. Columbus's cousin Bartholomew was in the business of making maps in Lisbon. At the time, the two siblings were makers and bookkeepers.

Columbus became a merchant sailor on Portuguese ships. In 1477 he went to Iceland and in 1478 to Madeira to buy sugar, and to the coasts of West Africa in 1482 and 1485, to the Guinean coast of Sao Jorge da Mina, the Portuguese trading frontier.

Columbus married Filippa Percitello A. Moniz, a Portuguese woman (in 1479). They had a son named Diego. Philip died in 1485. Columbus later married Beatrice Enriquez (1488). They had a son, Ferdinand.

Columbus first presented his plan to the Portuguese Royal Council in 1485. But the king's experts believed that Columbus' way was bigger than Columbus thought. So they denied it. Columbus then sought the royal court of Spain. But after many days of wandering, he obtained their approval in 1492. The Spanish monarch and queen (Ferdinand of Aragon, Isabella of the Capitol) then captured the last Muslim fortress, Granada. They said they would accept the cost of the trip. Columbus had already planned to get half of the cost from the private sector. Named Commander of the Columbus Ocean, the government agreed to pledge his allegiance to the newly discovered islands and to give him a large share of the revenue.

On August 3 of that year, Santa Maria, Ninja, and Pinta set sail from Columbus Palos in three ships. First, he reached the Canary Islands. Stayed there for a month. Then began the great journey. He deceived his sailors by recording in his notebooks a distance less than the distance he had traveled. To this day there is controversy as to which island he first reached, but it is certain that he must have reached an island in the Bahamas. He died on October 12, 1492.

He confronted the Native Americans who were there. They were Diano or Arawak, very quiet and friendly. In a note dated October 14, 1492, Columbus wrote to King Ferdinand of Spain and Queen Isabella about the Diocese:

"If the king wishes, he can bring them all to the castle; or, make them hostages on their island. I leave fifty of them in your charge. You can keep them and do whatever you want." * Columbus traveled on his first voyage to Cuba and La Espanola (October 28), when Santa Maria hit the ground and had to drop it. Columbus set up a settlement called La Navidad and left the 39 who had come with him there.

He returned to the country on January 4, 1493, but had to land in Portugal due to a storm. He was arrested and released there as relations with Portugal and Castile were very bad at the time. Then on March 15, he reached Spain.

There he handed over the gold he had brought and the American tribes he had brought to the court. There he explained about tobacco, pineapple, and a nake, which were hitherto unknown. There he was welcomed as a knight. News of his discovery spread throughout the world.

Columbus died on May 20, 1506. Even then he discovered that he firmly believed that it was the east coast of Asia. His journey continued even after his death.

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