Grace loves to write commentaries on psycho-cultural and sociocultural dynamics in their myriad forms.
This hub is in response to the request," What is the relationship between the dark and the light?" by fellow hubber,kadmiels
Darkness and lightness are the most primordial opposites. In fact, they are basic opposites bar none. Opposites are necessary, if basic, parts of life and/or existence. If there is one thing, there must be its polar opposite. Nothing can exist without an opposites. The context of opposites is an integral part of the natural and human world.
Opposites are ways of differentiating things, events, and people. Opposites are also ways to help people appreciate and realize things and life in its full contextual perspective. Opposites teach people that are varying aspects to things, events, and people. In essence, opposites give people a much broader perspective in life.
The dark and light always been seen oppositionally. The dark mostly has been given less than positive, even negative connotations. It is oftentimes associated with evil. It is furthermore associate with the hidden. It is also considered to be suspect and undercover. It has been associated with ugliness and other forms of moral ineptitude. Conversely, the light has always been seen positively. It is considered beautiful and fair. It is seen as higher essence. It is associated with good. It is seen to be on the surface. In essence, the dark is what the light is not and the light is what the dark definitely is not.
Dark and Light in the Natural World
The dark has a quite sinister reputation. It is associated with evil, cynical, and otherwise suspect.It is also the unknown and unfathomable. It is considered to be murky and beneath the surface. It is the hidden, even the occult. It is what is forbidden and considered and thought to be taboo.
The dark is furthermore seen as morose, morbid, macabre, and/or unhappy. Light,on the contrary, has a more positive reputation. It is associated with good, being open, being reputable, and untainted. It is fairness,being cheery, and happy. It is seen as blissful and sunny. It is what is clear, succinct, and to the point. It is honesty and benevolence.
People have always been wary of the dark because of its often macabre connotation. Primitive humans were scared of the dark because it was unknown and oftentimes dangerous. Darkness, to the primitive mind, was quite unwelcoming. There were wild animals roaming about. They were afraid of being attacked or worse by these animals. Besides natural threats in the dark, there were also supernatural threats. The human consciousness has imprints of the dark being quite unwelcome.
The night, the darkest time of the day, is still associated with foreboding and gloominess. People are constantly warned never to go out at night unless in a crowd. They are thoroughly instructed as to the imprudence of going out at night unescorted because of what can and will befall them.
The night is often associated with monsters, vampires, and/or demons because it was believed that those creatures were out and about at nighttimein addition to being in their most potent state. Witches are also associated with the night. Nighttime is oftentimes called the witching hour. Because the night is seen to be so foreboding, people are inside so there is much less human traffic at night.
Late autumn and winter seasonally are the darkest times of the year. The days are extremely short while the nights are extremely long. Late autumn and winter are the times of the night. In fact, Halloween is a holiday in late autumn where the night and the theme of darkness are celebrated and revelled in.
During late autumn and winter, people tend to stay indoors more and there are more at home celebrations because the darkness seem more foreboding and unwelcoming. Not only do people stay indoors, animals hibernate to reserve their energy and also conserve their resources until the coming spring. Late autumn and winter are also the bleakest times physically and weather-wise of the year. Besides being darker, it is also colder and nature is more sparse in addition to being gloomy.
People have always see the light positively. To them, the light is relaxing and comforting. They also view lightness as non-threatening. Primitive humans see the light as welcoming and promising. The light was seen as the beginning of a new day and new activities. People also felt more in control of activities and their environment when it is light. The light also represents newness and another chance. It is also represents what is right and correct in the human consciousness.
Day, as the lightest time, is seen as sunny. It is also when most people are out and about. It is considered to be much safer in the daytime than it is at nighttime. One can walk alone during the day without fear. It is also a welcoming time. In day, everything is out in the open so to speak.
Day is considered to be beautiful and luminous. It is a time when people do not wish to be in their homes, they want to be engaged or participate in some sort of activity. Daytime is the time when people are believed to be in their peak condition physically and/or mentally.
Late spring and summer are considered to be the lightest periods of the seasons. Days are extremely long while nights are very short. In many places, it is dawn in the very early part of the morning. This period is why people are outdoors in full force. People are seldom indoors during the summer hours.
Late spring and summer are spent in constant activity-going to beaches to soak up the sunshine, travelling, going on picnics, and/or indulging in other outdoor activities. People also take vacations off work during these times to pursue more leisurely activities. Late spring and summer are time periods when people have the most fun as the days in addition to being lighter, are much more mild and pleasant.
Dark and light balance and need each other for one cannot exist without the other. In the natural world, night and day although they are opposite, must co-exist. It is a natural and necessary cycle for without night, there would be no day and vice versa. People are busier and more active in the day and need the night to relax and recharge their batteries in order to be ready for yet another day.
The same with seasons, there cannot be autumn and winter without spring and summer and vice versa. Autumn and winter, the darker seasons, are periods which nature rests and prepare for the replenishment of spring and summer. During autumn and winter, animals slow down and reserve their energy and resources. People stay indoors more, especially to keep warm in response to the more forbidding weather. When spring and summer arrive, nature is in full bloom; animals rested, are out from hibernation, and people are ready to get out of the house, gearing up for activities.
Dark and Light in Terms of Human Consciousness and Spirituality
Dark and light are indeed spiritual opposites. Darkness is viewed as evil, immoral, and iniquitous. It is seen as sinful. It is also debased. It is considered as far from goodness as possible. It is abject and utter depravity. It is the the lowest level of human consciousness.
Darkness is utterly devoid of spirituality. It is also devoid of the knowledge of God, the Universal Being/Power, or the Godhead. It also represents negativity, hopelessness, and extreme despair. It is abandonment and desolation. It is abomination and damnation of the most abysmal order.
Darkness is considered to be demoniac in many religions and/or spiritual principles. It is without principle. It is knowing wrong and revelling in it without one iota of remorse. It is being in the lower recesses of one's nature. In the Judeo-Christian religions, darkness is represented by Satan and his angels. In fact, Satan is known as the Prince of Darkness.
There is no deity as utterly debased and debauched as Satan. He has no remorse as for as evil goes, there is nothing he will do in order to achieve his inverse goals. To fit his dark nature, Satan and his demons are oftentimes bestial looking. According to folklore, Satan and his demons are the most active at night when humans are supposedly more vulnerable.
Hell is also seen as the darkest of places. It is a place of complete and utter desolation. It is a place without hope or redemption. It is a place totally devoid of God or goodness. It is a place of the most abysmal and abject negativity imaginable. Of course, hell is the most befitting place of Satan and his demons.
In some Eastern religions, there is the Kali Yuga, the Dark Ages or the Age of the Demon, where humankind descended from being highly conscious to a lower state of consciousness ruled by carnality, ego, greed, and the other baser needs. According to such religions, the Kali Yuga is an era of discord and contention. Human nature in the era of the Kali Yuga as far away from the God consciousness as possible and human's more baser nature will be the norm instead of the exception. Spirituality during the Kali Yuga will be viewed negativity as humankind has lost most vestiges of its spiritual nature.
The light is seen as God and higher states of consciousness. It is also seen as good. It connotes righteousness, purity, and sinlessness. It is also seen as beauty. When one goes towards the light, he/she is supposedly going to a higher state of consciousness.
The light symbolizes the highest possible state of consciousness and/or pure spiritual essence. It represents enlightenment, spiritual evolution, and supreme hope. It also means the submersion of ego into a God-like state. It is utter bliss and/or a state of supreme blessedness. It also represents complete nirvana or attainment of Godhood.
God and His/Her angels are seen as light beings. Other benevolent spiritual beings are often portrayed in light colors. Light is seen as totally ethereal. Lucifer, before he become Satan, was known as the lightest of beings when he was in Heaven.
As God and His/Her angels are considered light beings, they are portrayed as highly beautiful beings, befitting their spiritual nature. The Virgin Mary is also seen as a light being. She is also portrayed as an unearthly beauty. Judeo-Christianity is not the only religion who view and portray benevolent beings and deities as light beings, many Eastern religions do this also.
Heaven is considered to be the ultimate state of light. In heaven, one has attained the highest state of spirituality possible. He/she is the very best spiritually. After all, heaven is where God, His/Her angels, and other benevolent beings reside. It is seen as the place of ultimate beauty and is thought to be the place of supreme bliss. It is a happiness beyond happiness. It is portrayed as a place of light, reflecting its celestial nature.
Good and evil in human consciousness and spirituality co-exist and balance themselves. There cannot be good without evil and vice versa. In order to recognize the value of good, one must know that there is evil in the world and take steps to become a more evolved person in terms of consciousness and spiritually.
Dark and light are direct opposites. However, despite each oppositional nature, they co-exist in the natural, human, even supra-human or divine worlds. There can be no light without dark and no dark without light. In fact, light needs dark to exist and dark needs light to exist. To think and believe otherwise is just baseless and utterly presumptuous.
© 2013 Grace Marguerite Williams
Grace Marguerite Williams (author) from the Greatest City In The World-New York City, New York on December 03, 2014:
Thank you for responding; it is greatly appreciated in kind.
S Marie on December 03, 2014:
Dark has proven it is in need of light, in many cases craving it but I don't think light got the memo lol.
Grace Marguerite Williams (author) from the Greatest City In The World-New York City, New York on November 13, 2014:
Thank you so much for your comments, it is greatly appreciated in kind. God bless you too!
Al Wordlaw from Chicago on November 13, 2014:
Wonderfully written gmwilliams! This is so true. May God bless you!