How Can We Define Culture
As I sit thinking about the various ways we follow or practice to do a particular task I felt why are we doing this only in this particular way? why shouldn't we start doing it the way we feel it better. After all what we are doing is just an expression. Why can't we express ourselves in the way, we feel it better. We simply follow these practices only because it has been done by our elders and this is the only way they know to teach us and so we need to follow them as a sign of respect or because even we don't find a better way to follow and this is passed on from generations to generations.
So, one can say that we have cultivated the habit of following others and thus this has become a culture.Simply because culture is transmitted through symbols whose meanings remain more or less constant doesn't mean that cultures are static and don't change. On the contrary, cultures are never truly static. Which of us does not remember a grandparent comparing life today with the one s/he grew up in? The changes that took place between his/her lifetime and ours represent subtle cultural shifts in values, the things we use, and the way we use language. Most would agree with a more inclusive definition of culture: the thoughts, behaviors, languages, customs, the things we produce and the methods we use to produce them. It is this, the human ability to create and transmit culture, that differentiates us as humans from the rest of the animal world.
The essential feature of culture, that it is learned and transmitted from one generation to the next, rests on the human capacity to think symbolically Language, perhaps the most important feature, is a symbolic form of communication.
One can never define culture, whether it is our inherited genetic predisposition ("nature") or what we learn as we grow up ("nurture") that predominantly shapes us and our differences as individuals.Culture, here understood as the totality of what a group of people think, how they behave, and what they produce that is passed on to future generations, is what binds us together as human beings but also separates us into our different communities. In today's world, understanding both our similarities and our diversity becomes increasingly important. Through an understanding and appreciation of cultural difference, children will be better prepared to live in an ever-shrinking global community.
If one feels jumping around a tree which has given its first fruit as something crazy today, the same thing which is followed by other people becomes a culture as its just a symbolic expression of happiness by a person which is not inhuman.
How Dances Originated
Indian folk and tribal dances are simple dances, and are performed to express joy. Folk and tribal dances are performed for every possible occasion,
- to celebrate the arrival of seasons,
- birth of a child,
- a wedding and festivals.
The dances are extremely simple with minimum of steps or movement. The dances burst with verve and vitality.This rhythm is maintained only to remember the steps according to the beat and its easy to remember these steps through music.And one particular music corresponds to one particular step.
For example, the banging of drum makes a person jump with a feeling of achievement, a sense of success. The use of a flute makes us feel about peace and harmony. But the same instrument can be used to express ourselves on different occasions with a different feel.
Men and women perform some dances exclusively, while in some performances men and women dance together.
On most occasions, the dancers sing themselves, while being accompanied by artists on the instruments.Though dance is expressing oneself symbolically, the song makes it more expressive and meaning of each act by the dancer can be understood through the song.
Each form of dance has a specific costume. Most costumes are flamboyant with extensive jewels.Whenever we need to perform before an audience it becomes customary to decorate ourselves. Presentation is a vital part of performance.Thus, the use of costumes and jewellery has become significant.
While there are numerous ancient folk and tribal dances, many are constantly being improved. The skill and the imagination of the dances influence the performance.
Beauty of Hair Make Up
IF YOU EVER HAD TO MAKE OVER YOUR HAIR ESPECIALLY FOR A CLASSICAL PERFORMANCE OR TRADITIONAL OUTLOOK, YOU MAY HAVE THOUGHT ABOUT THE BEAUTIFUL WHITE FLOWERS ARRAYED AROUND THE BLACK ROUND BUN STUCK TO THE BEAUTIFUL BLACK HAIR OF A WOMAN.
ONE SUCH ACCESSORY IS AVAILABLE BELOW WHICH WILL MAKE YOUR HAIR LOOK CUTE WITH THE JASMINE BUDS.THIS WILL SAVE YOUR TIME IN MAKING OVER YOUR HAIR FOR A DANCE PERFORMANCE.
Beauty Of Dance
Indian Classical Dances
The Classical Dance
WHY IS A DANCE FORM CLASSICAL
Classical dance performances usually feature a story about good and evil. The dance is traditionally presented in a dramatic manner called nritta, which uses "clean" facial expressions and mudra, or hand gestures, to narrate the story and to demonstrate concepts such as particular objects, weather, aspects of nature and emotions. Classical Indian dance is also known as Natya. Natya includes singing and abhinaya (mime acting). These features are common to all Indian classical styles of dance.
Indian classical dance and art forms are rooted in sacred styles whose theory can be traced back to the NATYA SHASTRA of BHARATA MUNI (400 BCE)
The Natya Shastra, does not mention the name of any classical dance forms recognized today, but listed the four Pravrittis as Dakshinatya, Audramagadhi, Avanti and Panchali.
BHARATANATYAM, KUCHIPUDI and MOHINIATTAM evolved from the Pravritti form called Dakshinatya.
Audramagadhi represents the regional dance of Audramagadha, comprising the territories of Anga, Banga. Little is known about the two other forms, Avanti and Panchali.
Various Classical Dance Forms
The SANGEETH NATYA ACADEMY ,functions as the apex body of the performing arts in the country to preserve and promote the vast cultural heritage of India expressed in music, dance and drama, works with governments and art academies in states and territories of the country. It has given recognition to eightIndian dance styles.
The Akademi holds a Natya Sangam (festival of dance) during which dancers from other classical forms are invited to perform. Sources differ on the listing of Indian classical dance form.The classical dance forms recognized by the Sangeet Natak Akademi and the Ministry of Culture are represented below:
Classical Dances Described
With time, the classical dances evolved to include the expressions and themes from social life and experiences. Lord Shiva is said to be the 'Nataraja' meaning 'King of All Dances', who is said to perform the Cosmic Dance that delicately balances life and death and all that is happening in the Universe in harmonious cycles.
- Bharatnatyam, popular in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, is said to be revealed by Lord Brahma to Bharata.
- Kathak is the art to tell a story and is a form of North Indian classical dance. Later, it became courtly entertainment.
- Kathakali from Kerala makes use of colorful masks and costumes and belongs to Kerala.
- Kuchipudi is the dance drama of Andhra Pradesh that combines Natya, Nritta and Nritya.
- Manipuri, as the name suggests, is from Manipur, the Northeastern state of India, and is a combination of many dances prevalent in the region.
- Mohiniattam from Kerala is a solo female dance and is known for its rhythmic and unbroken flow of the body movements.
- Odissi from Orissa is a dance of love, joy and intense passion.
Various Recognized Dances of India
|DANCE FORM||State(s) of origin||Recognition by Sangeet Natak Akademi||Recognition by Ministry of Culture|