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Technological Techniques: Humanizing Technique and Media Environments Through Conditioning of Technological Man

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Media architecture is emphatically ambiguous. The phrase has been pasted wholesale onto a dizzying array of projects and products. But beyond imprecision, media architecture is vexed by an inherent tension: media are networked, immediate, dynamic com

Media architecture is emphatically ambiguous. The phrase has been pasted wholesale onto a dizzying array of projects and products. But beyond imprecision, media architecture is vexed by an inherent tension: media are networked, immediate, dynamic com

Many scientists in the field of Artificial Computer Intelligence processors and other related hardware are becoming more and more powerful, and scientists are predicting that machines as intelligent or even more intelligent than us will be created in

Many scientists in the field of Artificial Computer Intelligence processors and other related hardware are becoming more and more powerful, and scientists are predicting that machines as intelligent or even more intelligent than us will be created in

New Technology for Genomic DNA Isolation

New Technology for Genomic DNA Isolation

At the 2011 Siggraph Asia event, a leading conference on computer graphics and techniques, researchers will be presenting emerging technologies that immerse your senses

At the 2011 Siggraph Asia event, a leading conference on computer graphics and techniques, researchers will be presenting emerging technologies that immerse your senses

New Technologies and learning is the best investment that can be done when we wish to change the world. When we study the ways we communicate, we can thus pass our knowledge to future generations. We are all wired-up today

New Technologies and learning is the best investment that can be done when we wish to change the world. When we study the ways we communicate, we can thus pass our knowledge to future generations. We are all wired-up today

The Grid. The Internet will become more faster by Grid technologies. It's new technique for internet data transfer. Fifty years of innovation have increased the raw speed of individual computers by a factor of  around one million, yet they are far to

The Grid. The Internet will become more faster by Grid technologies. It's new technique for internet data transfer. Fifty years of innovation have increased the raw speed of individual computers by a factor of around one million, yet they are far to

Robotics and their future applications and usage are now becoming a reality

Robotics and their future applications and usage are now becoming a reality

Solar Electric car, Quant NLV Solar AG Electric Car- It is still presented as a Concept Car-, with some aerodynamic features and windows designed for maximum sunlight intake and this offers the slick look of the car design.

Solar Electric car, Quant NLV Solar AG Electric Car- It is still presented as a Concept Car-, with some aerodynamic features and windows designed for maximum sunlight intake and this offers the slick look of the car design.

Air Car. Renewable energy transportation systems

Air Car. Renewable energy transportation systems

Six Sense Innovation of MIT and the gadget is known as WUW(Wear Your World). Six Sense means to predict some more special features that are not shown at that time. Six Sense works in this way, like, if you pick any products and take it in front of W

Six Sense Innovation of MIT and the gadget is known as WUW(Wear Your World). Six Sense means to predict some more special features that are not shown at that time. Six Sense works in this way, like, if you pick any products and take it in front of W

Computer Pen - Its a complete computer, cell phone, GPS tracker, covert video camera, fax machine. wireless internet browser, high resolution still camera, wireless email checker and sender, roll-out iPod, MP3 and MP4 player, movie downloader and pla

Computer Pen - Its a complete computer, cell phone, GPS tracker, covert video camera, fax machine. wireless internet browser, high resolution still camera, wireless email checker and sender, roll-out iPod, MP3 and MP4 player, movie downloader and pla

This is a single thinking/web/computer that is planetary in dimensions It contains approximately 1.2 billion personal computers; 2.7 billion cell phones; 1.3 billion land phones; 27 million data servers; 80 million wireless PDAs; 100 million transist

This is a single thinking/web/computer that is planetary in dimensions It contains approximately 1.2 billion personal computers; 2.7 billion cell phones; 1.3 billion land phones; 27 million data servers; 80 million wireless PDAs; 100 million transist

Mercedes Benz has introduced new technology that lets two different images or programs be displayed onscreen at once on the instrument panel

Mercedes Benz has introduced new technology that lets two different images or programs be displayed onscreen at once on the instrument panel

Humanizing Technique: digital media strategy and strategy logo

Humanizing Technique: digital media strategy and strategy logo

Portable folding bike design for user convenience and comfort - this is bringing design to ordinary life together through humanizing design process

Portable folding bike design for user convenience and comfort - this is bringing design to ordinary life together through humanizing design process

As attractive as it can be to get the latest and greatest technological, consumers should think about the pollution and the waste an unessential new product will generate- This is part of the 70 million tons of waste

As attractive as it can be to get the latest and greatest technological, consumers should think about the pollution and the waste an unessential new product will generate- This is part of the 70 million tons of waste

One cannot resist embracing merging technologies, new technology gadgets, and technology altogether. People are going from tech boo to technophobe, and finally tech evangelists as these gizmos evolve We end up loving the new emerging gadgets

One cannot resist embracing merging technologies, new technology gadgets, and technology altogether. People are going from tech boo to technophobe, and finally tech evangelists as these gizmos evolve We end up loving the new emerging gadgets

Human-like robots

Human-like robots

Robotic companions for people already in production as can be seen from this model above

Robotic companions for people already in production as can be seen from this model above

The Japanese have developed a realistic Human Android

The Japanese have developed a realistic Human Android

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Japanese female android robot

Japanese female android robot

Applying Technique to Re-Humanize Change

The advent and end of slavery created a phases in human relation that persist to this day, thus known as racism. The relations between men were economic, political, social and religious. Implanted in these intentions and interaction was the perception of the self premised upon Superiority and Inferiority Complexes. The hue of ones skin color become one of the many determining factors of this communion. Social relations became cemented in these artificial values.

One group of the Society had ways and means of creating a chasm between people of different nations, colors and religions. Some were captured from Africa and other countries, and enslaved and dehumanized. This created an uneven social development and growth, misery and underdevelopment of large segment of the society. This phase of human development was interrupted by the changing and developing societies from rudimentary technologies, to automation and newly invented technologies in all spheres of human and social endeavors and need for change.

Marshall McLuhan says: "The situation of Africa today is complicated by the new electronic technology. Western man himself being de-Westernized by his own new speed-up, as much as the Africans are being detribalized by our old print and industrial technology. If we understood our own media old and new, these confusions and disruptions could be programmed and synchronized.

The very success we enjoy in specializing and separating functions in order to have speed-up, however, is at the same time the cause of inattention and unawareness of the situation. It has ever been thus in the Western World, at least. Self-consciousness of the causes and limits of one's own culture seems to threaten the ego structure and is, therefore, avoided.

Nietzsche said that understanding stops action, and men of action seem to have an intuition of the fact in their shunning the dangers of comprehension." It should therefore be noted that the decline of the old ways of dissemination of information and communication are replaced by new forms of interacting, dissemination and messaging. McLuhan observes: "Print or mechanized introduced a separation and extension of human function hitherto unknown in history....

Speed, at least in its lower reaches of the mechanical order, always operates to separate, to extend, and to amplify functions of the body. When information moves at the speed of signals in the central nervous system, man is confronted with the obsolescence of earlier forms of acceleration, such as road and rail," [or TV and Internet] . What emerges is a total field of inclusive awareness. The old patterns of psychic and social adjustment become irrelevant. The result was a magnificent and magnanimous giant paradigm shift

Automated Change

The Industrial Revolution brought about steam engines and automated machinery. Coal and electricity helped develop more efficient and fully automated dsigns. This gave rise to Technique and rudimentary Technology. With Technology and Technique, the merger thereof, we saw the invention and innovation of small and large gadgets; we began to see washing machines, typewriters, Lawn mowers, vacuum cleaners, toasters, and Electric stoves.

Society was becoming modernized and slowly being technologized through Automation and Technique. While these benevolent acts were unfolding, the society within which this change was taking place was hardcore racist.

At the same time we see the beginnings and rise of the 'haves' and the 'have nots'. Within these social relations, a maintenance of crude dominance of slave labor necessitated for the accrual of wealth at the expense of slave labor. This edge made consumerism of the day possible, and the dehumanization of slaves inevitable. The need for development modernizing the new societies, gave rise to colonization, slavery and the extraction of raw materials from those colonized countries, namely Africa, China, Caribbean, etc., and other colonized societies.

The colonizing State carried out this deed through legislated Law, Religion and business acumen. Earnings from these early economies made it possible for the owners to reap bounty, and the slaves to clamor for crumbs. As automation grew, so did the consumption of the rich elite, resulting in disastrous poverty and disenfranchisement of the poor and exploited laborers and slaves. African Slaves bore the brunt of this social set up.

From the Morse Code to AM and FM radios these technological gadgets were now being mass produced. Technology became Media which slowly began eroding and dissipating borders and limitations that curtailed human connectedness and communication; this also had the effect of corroding and slowly dislocating the rigid and time encrusted social relations of master and servant/slave. Segregated dwellings, spaces and jobs became the norm. The development of the rich elite who had everything, and the underdevelopment of the poor and down-trodden, who had nothing, ever widened.

Communications was from top to down. The elite were the senders of messages, orders and, commands and demands; the slaves and poor were there as receptors and executors of all commands, demands and so forth. Consumerism of the early elites, and their thirst for spending, facilitated and necessitated for the development of technique and technology; this further stripped the have-nots of any bit of crumb left to gnaw on.

The speed up of electronic age is as disrupting for literate, lineal and western man as the Roman paper routes were for tribal villagers. Our speed-up today is not is not outward explosion from center to margins, but an instant implosion and interfusion of space and functions. Our specialist, and fragmented civilization of center-margin structure, was suddenly experiencing an instantaneous reassembling of all its mechanized bits into an organic whole.

This is the world of the global village.(McLuhan) "The village," according to Lewis Mumford, "had achieved a social institutional extension of all human faculties." This reality has manifested itself in the form of the Internet and its interlocking web-like tentacles that extend our communication needs, ideas and reality as interaction and connectivity.

Makes one wonder if we are harkening back to collective unconsciousness or move into the state of a democracy within a state of a cyber global village, in the process extending us with it; in effect, 'then the electric age brings number back into unity with visual and auditory experience for good or ill', as observed by McLuhan. The internet has all of these possibilities wrapped up into one. I am just wondering what an accelerated automated, and the unity of numbers, visual and auditory experience in the form of the Internet will do to us in the end…

Technique and Deconstruction of Race

The advent of computer made possible for the introduction of the Internet and its concomitants. The landline phone, by Bell, saw the introduction of the Beeper, then the emergence of the cell phone, the i-phone, i-tunes, texting, twittering and so forth. As these gadgets and their technologies merged, we began to witness the extension and booming of human communication and connection. This connectedness is akin to the map of the human nervous system with all its tentacles and branches. Borders and other forms that constricted human connections and communications soon dissipated.

The social relations without these gadgets was being slowly nullified and a new awareness about human communication in a global sense was set in motion. Technology and technique slowly and surely had begun and is now in the process of deconstructing race and racism as we know it. The advancement and affordability of the technological gadgets and how they interconnect with one another, has demonstrated that ways of talking and dealing with each other, has somewhat transcended race, color and creed.

We get to know each other's race or place or origin once, because we are from being the grammatical man, to a cyberphile whilst retaining our grammatical orientations. The web is fast developing its own linguistic and semantical jargon. This somehow eliminates the use of grammar and the dramatical man that makes grammatical man use to determine race, culture or creed, evaluation of the other and in a way, cybernetics has enabled the recreation of an Internet global Community interconnecting under one cyber community linked into common cyber linguistic forum.

According to Campbell, the term 'cybernetics' Comes from a Greek word meaning steersman, and it carries the sense of stability, of constant correct functioning. Cybernetics enforces consistency. It permits change, but the change must be orderly and abide by the rules. It is a universal principle of control, and can be applied to all kinds of organization, just as Shannon's theorems apply to communication of all kinds.

It does not matter whether the system is electrical, chemical, mechanical, biological or economical. So that, the notions of race become challenged by the amorphous and intertwined entity with nervous system-like tentacles and tendrils and myriad interconnections, stuffed with technicized mnemonics, memes and data-engorged - embedded within the Web as cyber babble.

Satellite Communication Technology has made earthlings to live in a Global Village through its ability to beam signals of all the gadgets to all corners of the globe. This has helped with e-mails, cell phones, twitters, face-books, youtube, and other new means of inter-connecting, morphing, phasing in and out, downloading, googling, blogging, hubbing, posting , chatting, texting, being online and so forth. Satellites and its interconnected technological gadgets, have given both the rich and poor capabilities of joining with other unknown people world-wide.

This new way of communicating with its new language has brought about and is beginning to debunk the decrepit notions or race and racism in the ether, web and data-sphere. Web names and other such features have replace peoples first name, race and religion. So long as one is surfing the web on the cell phone, logging, posting, chatting and sending photos, text messaging and so on, the rigid social relations are replaced by a new form and format of human connection, conversation and communication.

Social relations are no more only land based, but are on the tendrils and nervous-system-like connections fed by the Satellite and the nascent and emerging technologies, techniques and media savviness of its users, globally. Interconnectivity has given rise to many internet cyber communities that it is becoming difficult to cope with the different formations and interconnections.

The dissolution of traditional ways of learning and the old ways we interacted with each other or as media receptacles of old media and technological gadgets, has us disseminating and regurgitating and imbibing new ways communicating with one another, globally, which have changed human sorties and global social relationships.

Times have changed since Christopher Columbus set foot on the American shores… Social relations are now governed and dictated by technology and technique, efficiency and effectiveness. Regionalism and nationalism, racism and so on, face daunting pressures from these new and fascinating technological gadgets and their technological capacity and abilities.

These new machines and the advanced technological feats are used by contemporary societies to interrogate and challenge unjust and unusual social ills and the nature of new human connectedness and communications(as was the case in China, Iran, etc.)

Technique, technology and consumerism, have slowly debunked and deconstructed the archaic beliefs and economic systems, which are still trying to maintain, the notions of race and racism, within all social interactions and social relations, technological connections and human communications .

Maybe technology will take over social relations on issues of race and racism; we might see the introduction of a genuinely Technological Society where human beings converge ad morph with each other through the modernized technological gadgets, which easily, it seems, are able to suspend and debunk the decrepit and old decaying issues of race relations in human communications and social relations and interaction.

As we become adept with using technology and technique, the hope is for that we are ultimately one species, of human, with all types of hue and language, cultures and so forth developing and evolving as technology and technique evolve and morphs into the future.

Technological Progress and Unintended Consequences

The final aspect of the ambiguity of technological progress resides in the following state of affairs. When scientists carry out their researches in one or other disciplines and hit upon new technical means, they generally see clearly in what sphere the new technique will be applicable. Certain results are expected and gotten.

But, there are always secondary effects which had not been anticipated, which in the primary stage of technical progress in question could not in principle have been anticipated. This unpredictability arises from the fact that predictability implies complete possibility of experimenting in every sphere, an inconceivable state of Affairs.

For example, this principle discussed above is furnished by drugs. Whenever you have a headache, you take an aspirin. When the headache disappears, you find that the aspirin has other actions besides doing away with the headaches. In the beginning people were totally unaware of these side effects, but by now, most of us have probably read some articles or seen some Television report about the side effects of the over-the-counter medicines, aspirins included, having warnings issued against their use because of their dangerous side-effects, and in some cases raise our blood pressures if not kill us.

Grave hemorrhages have appeared in people who habitually too or three aspirins daily. Yet Aspirin was thought the perfect remedy a mere one and a half decades ago — on the ground that no side effect were to be feared. Today, such effects begin to appear even in what was, and is, probably the most harmless of drugs.(Terrence Moran)

Another example is that of vocational opportunities being connected to the invention of the automobile. In truth, the invention of the automobile did suppress in some a lot of vocations resulting in a vast number of persons being laid off; but it brought about innumerable others into being with people now employed by this industry and were working servicing this industry.

Needless to say that this is a somewhat heartless comment, because even though we say that those who lost their job, with a lapse of a certain time, eventual found a job, and that they have been reclassified and unemployment will die out, humanly speaking, what will the situation of the unemployed be like? Here we see that unintended consequences of the invention of an automobile, which has in the interim permanently created unemployment a feature of our present-day lexicon and reality.

Another example of the unintended consequences posed by new technologies and future techniques was furnished by the psycho-sociological studies of the articular psychology of big city dwellers, where once more, we are confronted with the effect of the technical environment on the human being.

One of the principal elements of big city life is the feeling of isolation, loneliness, absence of human contact, etc. One of the leading ideas of Le Corbusier in his Maison des Hommes was the admission that, "Big City dwellers do not know one another. Let us create great blocks of dwellings where people will meet one another as they did in the village with everything(grocer, baker, butcher) included in the block so that people will get to know one another and a community will come into being...."

The result of Le Corbusier's creation was exactly the opposite of what he had planned; problems of loneliness and isolation in such blocks of dwelling proved to be much more tragic in the normal and traditional city. New technologies and techniques applied amidst a milieu in any fashion, tends to have unforeseen consequences. The new cars, robots, the new grid, new modes of transportation, pen computers and the Web, housing, you name it, all have and will continue to have unintended consequences, although some of them we have not yet encountered right now, some we have.

In our day, human techniques offer great hopes to man, sorely beset by anxiety. Man Menaced by his own discoveries and no longer capable of mastering the forces unleashed by them, is to have his greatness restored by human techniques. The liberation of man, not by technique in general, but specifically through the agency of human technique, a liberation which should proceed from within man as from without. With the help of human sciences, man will be freed from technocracy itself.

Man is not supposed to be merely a technical object, but a participant in a complicated movement. Also, human techniques have tended to reconstitute the unity of the human being which had been shattered by the sudden and jarring action of technique.

The grand design of human techniques is to make man the center of all techniques. Technical knowledge does give us new insights into human reality and can serve towards it unification. In all, the concrete details of man's life with respect to technical apparatus must be taken into consideration on the human plane. (Ellul)

The Character of Technique

Jacques Ellul gives this elaborate explanation on technique: Today's technical phenomenon, consequently, has almost nothing in common with the technical phenomenon of the past. I shall not insist on demonstrating the negative aspect of the case, the disappearance of the traditional characteristics. To do so would be artificial, didactic, and difficult to defend.

I shall point out,then, in a summary fashion, that in our civilization technique is in no way limited. It has been extended to all spheres an encompasses every activity, including human activities. It has led to a multiplication of means without limits. It has perfected indefinitely the instruments available to man, and put at his disposal an almost limitless variety of intermediaries and auxiliaries.

Technique has been extended geographically so that it covers the whole earth. It is evolving with a rapidity disconcerting pace, not only to the man in the street, but to the technician himself. It poses problems which recur endlessly and every more acutely in human social groups.

Moreover, technique has become objective and is transmitted like a physical thing; it leads thereby to a certain unity of civilization, regardless of the environment or the country in which it operates. We are faced with the exact opposite of the traits previously in force, examine carefully the positive characteristics of the technique of the present.(Ellul)

Ellul says that there two essential and obvious characters of technique which we should be aware of:

"The first of these obvious characteristics is rationality. In technique, whatever its aspect or the domain in which it is applied, a rational process is present which tends to bring mechanics to bear on all that is spontaneous or irrational. This rationality, best exemplified in systematization, division of labor, creation of standards, production norms, and the like, involves two distinct phases: first, the use of "discourse" in every operation.

"This excludes spontaneity and personal creativity. Second, there is the reduction of method to its logical dimension alone. Every intervention of technique is, in effect, a reduction of facts, forces phenomena, means, and instruments to the schema of logic."

"The second obvious characteristic of the technical phenomenon is artificiality. Technique is opposed to nature. Art, artifice, artificial: technique as art is the creation of an artificial system. This is not a matter of opinion. This means man has at his disposal as a function of technique are artificial means. For this reason, the comparison proposed by Emanuel Mounier between the machine and the human body is valueless. The world that is being created by the accumulation of technical means is an artificial world and hence radically different from the natural world.

"It destroys, eliminates, or subordinates the natural world, and does not allow this world to restore itself or even to enter into a symbiotic relation with it. The two worlds obey different imperatives, different directives and different laws which have nothing in common. Just as hydroelectric installations take waterfalls and laid them into conduits, so the technical milieu absorbs the natural. We are rapidly approaching the time when there will be no longer any natural environment at all."(Ellul)

The power of technique to transform our world and reality into an artificial environment has already arrived and has been experienced through the Web and new technological gadgets. At the same time, we know that or life is based on the techniques that have been measured and calculated mathematically, it becomes predictable and efficient, but it also builds our dependency on it.

The worrisome thought is whether man will be decapitated from the natural world into the word of the artificial technical automatism, self augmentation, monism, universalism and autonomy. This remains to be seen and we are more than ever leaning towards the direction of that state of existence and being.

The characteristics of techniques are so powerful that they transform and morph our world under its dictates. The fight is between the latter and the ability of humans to transform technique and technology into the human realm of existence: that of man dictating existence through control of technology. (Ellul)

On the issues touched on in the previous paragraph, Pope Pius XXII was deeply concerned that there be serious study of the media today. On February 1950, he said: "It is not an exaggeration to say that the future of modern society and the stability of its inner life depend in a large part on the maintenance of an equilibrium between the strength of the techniques of communication and the capacity of the individual's own reaction.

A.J. Liebling stated in his book The Press, that a man is not free it he cannot see where he is going, even if he has a gun to help him get there. for each of the media is a powerful weapon with which to clobber other media and other groups. The result is that the present age has been one of multiple civil wars that are not limited to the world of art and entertainment… "

Prof. J. U. Nef asserted: "The total wars of our time have been the result of a series of intellectual mistakes."

If the formative power in the media are the media themselves, that raises a host of large matters that can only be mentioned here, although they deserve volume. Namely, that technological media are staples or natural resources, exactly as are coal and cotton and oil.

Anybody will concede that society whose economy is dependent upon one or two major staples like cotton, or grain, or lumber, or fish, or cattle is going to have some social patterns of organization as a result. Stress on a few major staples create extreme instability in the economy but great endurance in the population.

The pathos and humor of the American South are embedded in such an economy of limited staples. For a society configured by reliance on a few commodities accepts them as a social bond quite as much as the metropolis does the press.

Cotton and oil, like radio and TV, become fixed charges on the entire psychic life of the community, and this pervasive fact creates the unique cultural flavor of any society. It pays through the nose and all its other sense of each staple that shapes its life.(McLuhan)