Leonardo da Vinci
Introduction of leonardo de vinci
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinciwas an Italian polymath of the High Renaissance who worked as a painter, draughtsman, engineer, scientist, theorist, sculptor, and architect. He lived from 15 April 1452 to 2 May 1519. He gained notoriety for his notebooks, in which he produced sketches and notes on a variety of topics, including anatomy, astronomy, botany, painting, and palaeontology, even though his popularity primarily stemmed from his accomplishments as a painter. Most people agree that Leonardo was a genius who personified the Renaissance humanist ideal, and his body of work has had a lasting impact on subsequent generations of artists that is only surpassed by that of his younger contemporaries, Michelangelo and Botticelli.
He was schooled in Florence under the tutelage of the Italian painter and sculptor Andrea del Verrocchio. He was born out of wedlock to a prosperous notary and a lower-class woman in, or around, Vinci. He started out in the city, but later spent a lot of time working with Ludovico Sforza in Milan. Later, he resumed his work in Florence and Milan, as well as for a brief period in Rome, all the while gaining a sizable fan base of imitators and students. He spent his final three years in France at Francis I's invitation, where he passed away in 1519. Since his passing, there hasn't been a period when his accomplishments, varied hobbies, personal life, and empirical thinking haven't aroused curiosity and appreciation, making him a common namesake and inspiration for scientific theories.
One of the finest artists in art history, Leonardo is sometimes considered as the father of the High Renaissance. He produced some of the most important paintings in Western art despite having many lost works and less than 25 significant works that can be directly credited to him, including several unfinished ones. His most well-known piece and sometimes recognised as the most well-known painting in the world is the Mona Lisa, his greatest effort. His sketch of the Vitruvian Man is also considered as a cultural symbol, and The Last Supper is the religious artwork that has been copied the most often in history. Leonardo is credited with creating Salvator Mundi, which was sold at auction for US$450.3 million in 2017, breaking the previous record for the most expensive painting ever sold to the general public.
He developed the double hull, concentrated solar power, an addition machine, a sort of armoured war vehicle, and flying machines. He is admired for his technological genius. Because current scientific methods for metallurgy and engineering were still in their infancy during the Renaissance, relatively few of his plans were built or even practical during his lifetime. But some of his minor creations—like an automated bobbin winder and a device for assessing the tensile strength of wire—entered the manufacturing sector unnoticed. He produced important discoveries in optics, tribology, hydrodynamics, geology, and civil engineering, but he never published his results, therefore they had little to no immediate impact on later science.
Earlier years (1452-1472)
Leonardo da Vinci, appropriately named Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Leonardo, child of ser Piero from Vinci), was brought into the world on 15 April 1452 in, or near, the Tuscan slope town of Vinci; Florence was 20 miles away. He was conceived illegitimately to Ser Piero da Vinci (Ser Piero di Antonio di Ser Piero di Ser Guido da Vinci; 1426-1504), a Florentine legitimate notary,and Caterina (c. 1434 - 1494), from the lower-class.It stays unsure where Leonardo was conceived; the conventional record, from a nearby oral custom recorded by the student of history Emanuele Repetti,is that he was brought into the world in Anchiano, a country villa that would have offered adequate protection for the ill-conceived birth, however it is as yet conceivable he was brought into the world in a house in Florence that Ser Piero more likely than not had. Leonardo's folks both wedded independently the year after his introduction to the world. Caterina — who later shows up in Leonardo's notes as it were "Caterina" or "Catelina" — is typically recognized as the Caterina Buti del Vacca who wedded the nearby craftsman Antonio di Piero Buti del Vacca, nicknamed "L'Accattabriga" ("the factious one"). Different speculations have been proposed, especially that of craftsmanship history specialist Martin Kemp, who recommended Caterina di Meo Lippi, a vagrant who wedded purportedly with help from Ser Piero and his loved ones. Ser Piero wedded Albiera Amadori — having been pledged to her the earlier year — and after her passing in 1464, proceeded to have three resulting relationships. From every one of the relationships, Leonardo ultimately had 16 half-kin (of whom 11 endure early stages) who were a lot more youthful than him (the latter was conceived when Leonardo was 46 years of age) and with whom he had next to no contact.
• A.G. Gaddiano (c. 1530). Da Vinci, Leonardo The lives of Leonardo da Vinci include Codice Magliabechiano (Lives of the Artists). J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 2019. p. 103–114. ISBN 978-1-60606-621-8.
• Paolo Giovio (c. 1527). "Leonardo da Vinci: A Life." Virorum illustrium elogia. in Leonardo da Vinci's Lives (Lives of the Artists). J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 2019. p. 103–114. ISBN 978-1-60606-621-8.
• Giorgio Vasari (1965) . "Leonardo da Vinci: A Life." artist biographies George Bull did the translation. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-044164-2.
• —— (1991) . The Artists' Lives. World's Classics of Oxford. Bondanella, Peter, and Bondanella, Julia Conway, translated the text. Press of Oxford University. ISBN 0-19-283410-X.
Death of Leonardo de vinci
In the age of 67, Leonardo passed away at Clos Lucé on May 2, 1519, possibly from a stroke. Francis and I had grown close. Vasari quotes Leonardo as saying, "He had offended against God and humanity by failing to exercise his art as he should have done," as he lay on his deathbed, full of regret. According to Vasari, Leonardo requested a priest in his final hours so that he might confess and receive the Holy Sacrament. Vasari also states that the monarch held Leonardo's head in his arms as he passed away, however it's possible that this is only a fable. According to his instructions, sixty begging men holding candles accompanied Leonardo's coffin. The primary heir and executor was Melzi, who received not only financialThe artwork, tools, library, and possessions of Leonardo. Sala, another of Leonardo's lifelong students, and his servant Baptista de Vilanis both got half of the artist's vineyards. His servant lady was given a fur-lined mantle, and his brothers each received land. Leonardo's bones were laid to rest at the Collegiate Church of Saint Florentin at the Château d'Amboise on August 12, 1519.In 1490, Sala, also known as Il Salaino, moved in with Leonardo as an assistant. Leonardo produced a list of his transgressions after just a year, describing him as "a thief, a liar, obstinate, and a glutton," after he had stolen money and jewels at least five times and spent a fortune on clothing. However, Leonardo gave him a lot of tolerance and allowed him to live with him for the following 30 years. Although Vasari asserts that Leonardo "taught him many things about painting," Sala produced a number of works under the name Andrea Sala. However, his work is typically regarded as having less aesthetic worth than that of other students of Leonardo, such as Marco d'Oggiono and Boltraffio. At the time of Leonardo's death in 1524, Sala was the owner of the Mona Lisa, and in his testament, it was valued at 505 lire, an astronomically expensive sum for a little panel portrait. Francis reportedly said, approximately 20 years after Leonardo passed away, "There had never been another man born in the world who understood as much as Leonardo, not so much about painting, sculpture, and building, as that he was a very profound philosopher." Benvenuto Cellini was a goldsmith and artist.
5 Facts You Might Not Know About leonardo de vinci
1. "Leonardo da Vinci" was not his real name.
Lionardo di ser Piero da Vinci, which translates to "Leonardo, (son) of ser Piero from Vinci," was Leonardo's full name at birth.
His contemporaries referred to him simply as Leonardo or "Il Florentine" since he resided close to Florence.
2. Fortunately, he was an illegitimate child.
Leonardo was the son of Caterina, an unmarried peasant woman, and Ser Piero, a rich Florentine notary, and was born on April 14 or 15 of that year at a farmhouse outside the Tuscan town of Anchiano.
Leonardo was their only child together; the two have twelve other children with different partners.
Because of his illegitimacy, he was not expected to pursue his father's career as a notary. Instead, he had the freedom to follow his own interests and enter the arts.
3. He didn't have much formal schooling.
Beyond fundamental reading, writing, and math instruction, Leonardo was essentially self-taught.
His creative abilities were immediately apparent. At the age of 14, he started an apprenticeship with Florence's renowned sculptor and painter Andrea del Verrocchio.
4. His initial commissions weren't ever finished.
Leonardo's first solo contract came in 1478, when he was asked to create an alterpiece for the Chapel of St. Bernard in Florence's Palazzo Vecchio.
He received a contract to create "The Adoration of the Magi" in 1481 for the San Donato convent in Florence.
But when he moved to Milan to work for the Sforza family, he was obliged to renounce both commissions. Leonardo painted "The Last Supper" at the refectory of the Monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie while working under the Sforzas' sponsorship.
5. He was an expert musician.
Leonardo had a talent for music, which is maybe expected for a person who was exceptional at everything he attempted.
His own writings indicate that he thought music and the visual arts were intimately connected since each relied on one of the five senses.
Designs for a harpsichord-viola were included in Leonardo's Codex Atlanticus notes.
Leonardo's contemporary Georgio Vasari claimed that "he sang sweetly without any preparation."
He could also play the lyre and the flute, and he frequently played at noble parties and at his customers' homes.
Some of his original musical works are still preserved in his writings, and in 2013, he created an instrument that combines an organ, viola, and harpsichord.
Piero da Vinci was Leonardo's father. (Anchiano?) 15 April 1452 [a] Republic of Florence, Vinci
Aged 67, Clos Lucé, Amboise, Kingdom of France, 2 May 1519
Studio of Andrea del Verrocchio
Painting, Drawing, Engineering, Science, sculpture, architecture
(Around 1483–1493) Virgin of the Rocks Circa 1489–1441: Lady with an Ermine Circa 1490, "The Vitruvian Man" Circa 1492–1498, The Last Supper Around 1503–1516, Mona Lisa
Signature written in ink in a flowing script
When was the Mona Lisa painted by Leonardo da Vinci?
The Mona Lisa was started by Leonardo da Vinci in 1503 and was finished in 1519, the year of his passing.
Leonardo da Vinci's half-length portrait of a lady known as "The Mona Lisa" has been called "the most famous, visited, talked about, sung about, and parodied work of art in the world."
© 2022 Ayuan Athar