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Basic Needed Surgical Instruments


The list of surgical instruments can't be countable or fixed. Below is the list of instruments that are regarded as the basic instruments which are often used in day today practice Here is the list of some basic surgical instruments with their specifications and indications. Specifications include the features are cardinal for identification purpose. However, their indication is determined according to their shape, size, and other relevant features while they can be used in another place also, based on the choice of surgeon.

Allis tissue holding forceps

  1. To hold touch structures in operatives like fascia, aponeurosis, etc.
  2. To hold the bladder wall.
  3. To hold large growths like big tumors.
Allis Tissue Forceps

Allis Tissue Forceps

Babcock’s Forcep

  • To hold tubular structure like the ureter, fallopian tubes, and vas deference
  • To hold stomach or intestine
  • To hold appendix
Babcock's forceps

Babcock's forceps

Kocher’s forceps

  • To hemostat scalp, palm, and sole
  • To catch bleeding points
  • To crush muscle
  • To hold pedicles
Kocher's forceps

Kocher's forceps

Swab/Sponge holding forceps

  • Painting in surgical procedures
  • As a substitute for pile holding forceps
Sponge Holding Forceps

Sponge Holding Forceps

Dissecting forceps

  1. Plain dissecting forceps
    • To catch delicate and soft tissues or structures
    • Helps in the blunt dissection of tissues
  2. Toothed dissecting forceps
  • To hold hard structures or tissue
  • To catch stitch during excision of tissues or skin
Dissecting Forceps

Dissecting Forceps

Surgical Scissors

  • Blades of scissors may be straight, angled, or curved
  • Tips may be pointed or blunt
  • handles may be long or short
  • Variety of scissors according to their intended purpose
  1. Straight Mayo (Suture) Scissors
  2. Bandage/Dressing Scissors
  3. Tissue/Dissecting
  4. Curved Mayo Scissors
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Various surgical scissors

Various surgical scissors

Surgical blades

  • Available with varied length, shape, or tip.
  • Different no of blade have their different indication and are used with the help of different BP landle
  • Blades with the numeric prefix of “1” (e.g., 10, 11, 12, 15) fit #3 or #7 handles
  • Blades with the numeric prefix “2” (e.g., 20, 21, 22, 23, 24) fit #4 handles#10 are used for large skin incisions
  • No#15 are used for short shallow incisions
  • No #11 are used for initial skin puncture of tiny deep
Different Surgical Blades

Different Surgical Blades

BP handle

Name after the founder of Bard-Parker Company.

  • To hold the surgical blade
  • Available in various widths & lengths
  • Different number for a different surgical blade
  • Blades are attached by slipping the slit in the blade into the groove on the
BP handles

BP handles

Metallic probes

  • To assess the tract length, direction, and patency of sinus or fistulas
  • Malleable or non-malleable
  • Eyed or non-eyed
  • Copper or steel

Metallic Probe- copper

Metallic Probe- copper


  • Curved or straight
  • Eyed or non-eyed
  • Cutting or round body


Needle holder

  • To hold needle during suturing
  • To Hold needle during threading in needle
Needle Holder

Needle Holder


Apart from the above Instruments Kidney tray, catheters, suture materials, dressing material, IV infusion set, and some other needed equipment are also a part of basic surgical equipment. Need of instruments is pre-listed according to the operative procedure which may be major or minor, are kept ready prior to the operative. These instruments should be properly sterilized prior to procedure ,should be sharp and in working condition.

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