Autism is a genetic disorder that usually begins in early childhood. Children with autism often show behavior changes before the age of five. These changes are related to poor social interactions, rocking, head banging, impairments in communication and repetitive behaviors or routines.
The disease affects more than twenty-four million people globally. It is sometimes difficult for those with autism to live independently since they struggle with serve psychological problems.
What is autism?
Autism is a neurological disorder often associated with autism spectrum disorder and Asperger syndrome. The disease has many risk factors which are exposure to certain toxins such as air pollutants, cocaine, alcoholic beverages and fetal growth restriction during pregnancy. There are other factors such as irregular genetic mutations, certain infections such as rubella, and autoimmune diseases.
Symptoms of Autism
The symptoms of autism range from mild to serve. In early childhood, children usually have poor eye contact, sleeping impairments, inability to respond to their name when called, marginalize social interactions preferring to be alone. They may also show signs of babbling, biting of hands, routine behavior in dress, handwashing, television interest or food choices, lack of focus, inability to understand other emotions, facial impairments, sensitivity and emotional response.
Autism has no cure, but there are available therapies such as social and cognitive treatment therapy. Some individuals with autism may show significant improvement and may exhibit high social skills and intelligence. Others may have average to low social skills and cognitive development.
Since autism is usually associated with men, women are often not diagnosed or treated for the condition. Both men and women suffer from the disease.
What are your thoughts about the disease? Do you know someone with autism? Please, feel free to leave your comments below. As always, I look forward to hearing from you.