The Atomic Bomb Exhibit at the American University, 1995
In August 1995, after the National Air & Space Museum decided against displaying artifacts from the Hiroshima and Nagasaki museums. The American University opened a special exhibit about the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This exhibit included most of the artifacts The National Air & Space Museum originally planned to put on display. Prior to opening its exhibit the American University had atomic bomb survivors tell of their experience. One of the survivors called on France to stop its atomic bomb testing.
Later there was a symposium consisting of a panel of historians. One of the themes of the panel was Japan had to be more open to discussions about the behavior of its military in World War II and the U.S. had to be more open to discussion about the atomic bombings and their aftermath.
The exhibit itself had numerous poster boards that contained information about the effects of the atomic bombings, pictures of the destruction and of the victims, and survivor stories. There was also a message from the Mayors of Hiroshima (Takashi Hiraoka) and Nagasaki (Iccho Ito). The message was:
We deeply appreciate the efforts of Dr. Benjamin Ladner, President of the American University, and the university’s staff for presenting the opportunity for the American people to understand the necessity to abolition of nuclear weapons and lasting world peace by holding this exhibition on the 50th anniversary year of the end of World War II.
In addition to military personnel , the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki 50 years ago indiscriminately killed and wounded non-combatants including elderly, women and children. Even today, in this time of peace, 300,000 hibakusha continue to suffer from the aftereffects of exposure to radiation and consequently anxiety regarding their health.
We are not criticizing or blaming the United States.
We are, however, making an appeal to the people of the world to understand the horror of nuclear weapons and not turn away from what happened in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
At the same time, we want to reflect on and face the enormous suffering and deep sorrow caused by Japan’s colonial rule and the atrocities it perpetrated in the past war.
We would be very pleased if this exhibition provided the opportunity for everyone together to consider the tragedies that took place in Hiroshima and Nagasaki not just for the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, nor for any particular nation, but for the history of humanity, and to contemplate the lessons to be learned from the tragedies for the future of humanity.
The most striking part of the exhibit was the artifacts from Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The artifacts included Shigeru’s lunchbox with the carbonized food. Shigeru was a first year student at Second Hiroshima Prefectural Junior High School. He was 600 meters from the hypocenter and was killed in the blast. There was a pair of rosaries from the Catholic Church in Nagasaki. There were articles of burnt clothing of the victims. There were ordinary items, such as a bottle, that were deformed by the blast and heat. There was also the watch of Akito Kawagoe, a soldier in the Japanese Second Army. He was in his barracks 1,500 meters from the hypocenter. He crawled out of the wreckage and survived. His broken watch marked the time of the blast, 8:15.
The Story of Sadako Sasaki
The exhibit also contained an animated video that told the story of Sadako Sasaki. Sadako Sasaki was 2 years old when the atomic bomb exploded over Hiroshima. She was a mile from the hypocenter. Ten years later she was diagnosed with leukemia. She spent the last months of her life attempting to make 1,000 paper cranes. She had completed 964 when she died in October 1955. Her classmates at Noborimachi Primary School completed her task.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2014 Robert Sacchi
Robert Sacchi (author) on October 07, 2017:
Thank you for reading and commenting. Kim Jong Un's tactics are the same as his father and grandfather. It is a combination of threats and provocations. Regrettably these tactics have worked. It may be a cultural thing. Kim Jong Un knows the U.S. is not going to start a war with North Korea. Time will tell if Trump's tactics of answering North Korea's threats and provocations with threats will work any better than the ineffective U.S. actions against North Korea over the last 60 years.
C E Clark from North Texas on October 07, 2017:
And now Trump and Kim Jong Un are bickering and threatening each other like a couple of middle schoolers, as if it were merely a game of my dad can kick your dad's behind harder, etc., or my dad's badder than yours. Really think Dennis the Menace or Kevin McCallister would have made more sensible, much better presidents.
Robert Sacchi (author) on October 29, 2016:
Yes, historians tend to be very good at piecing together sequences of events. There is a caution though. When a friend and I were doing research for an article about the Enola Gay exhibit we found almost everyone who had an interest also had an ax to grind. So even if someone knows a lot about a historic event don't be shy about digging a little deeper. They may be leaving out significant information.
Susie Lehto from Minnesota on October 29, 2016:
I love how people are able to put the slightest bits of a puzzle together to form a larger picture. This is interesting, exciting and horrific at the same time. Great article, Robert.
Robert Sacchi (author) on May 29, 2016:
That is one of those historical questions that people will endlessly argue about but rarely convinces those on the other side of the argument.
Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on May 29, 2016:
Very timely reading this as President Obama recently visited the sites of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Let us pray that never will another bomb of such destruction be dropped by anyone or any country for any reason. There are those who firmly believe that it did shorten the war and apparently that was the reasoning behind that action. That is a question for history to sort out.
Robert Sacchi (author) on September 04, 2014:
Keep in mind the exhibit at the American University was a temporary exhibit.
Robert Sacchi (author) on September 02, 2014:
There is the Hiroshima Peace Site: http://www.pcf.city.hiroshima.jp/index_e2.html
It's probably the closest someone can get to it without actually going to Hiroshima. Shameless self-promotion alert: My Friend and I did some research and writing on the controversy surrounding the Air & Space Museum's Enola Gay exhibit in 1995; http://www.oncamouflagedwings.org/atomic/index.htm...
Ann Hinds from So Cal on September 02, 2014:
My dad, a WWII veteran, said the bombs were necessary. I never could agree with him and it was one topic we avoided. I hope one day to visit the museum to maybe gain some insight into both sides. I am the pacifist in the family. Interesting article. Thanks
Robert Sacchi (author) on August 24, 2014:
Thank you. The Enola Gay is a B-29. It's currently at the Air & Space Museum's Udvar-Hazy Center in Dulles, VA. The Smithsonian's exhibit was to have many of the artifacts in the American University Exhibit. The Smithsonian's Exhibit was stripped down and none of the Hiroshima/Nagasaki artifacts were displayed there. Shameless self-promotion here: My friend has a web page on the controversy http://www.oncamouflagedwings.org/atomic/index.htm . It includes the article we wrote "Balancing 'The Last Act'".
Suzette Walker from Taos, NM on August 24, 2014:
This is such a sad subject and hard for those of us Americans against the use of nuclear warfare. I have never seen this exhibition, but many years ago the Smithsonian Institute, at least that is how I remember it, did do an exhibit on the bombings of the two Japanese cities. I remember seeing the Enola Gay, the B-12 airplane that made the trip to Japan and dropped the nuclear bombs on Japan. That is such a sad time in our history and I have always felt badly for those that had to experience the effects of these types of bombs. Great article. Voted up+