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Foundation Artists of India

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Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore born Robindronath Thakur, also known by his pen name Bhanu Singha Thakur (Bhonita), and also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi was a polymath, poet, musician, and artist from the Indian subcontinent. He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of the "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse" of Gitanjali, he became in 1913 the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore's poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal. He is sometimes referred to as "the Bard of Bengal".

Manishi Dey

Manishi Dey was an Indian painter of the Bengal School of Art. He was born on 22 September 1909, in Dhaka, Bengal Presidency. Originally named Bijoy Chandra, Manishi was the fifth child, and third son, of Purnashashi Devi and Kula Chandra Dey. He died on 31 January 1966 in Kolkata at the height of his career at 56 years of age. Manishi Dey was the younger brother of Mukul Dey, a pioneering Indian artist and dry point etcher. Their two sisters, Annapurna and Rani, were accomplished in arts and crafts as well.

Gaganendranath Tagore

Gaganendranath Tagore was an Indian painter and cartoonist of the Bengal school. Along with his brother Abanindranath Tagore, he was counted as one of the earliest modern artists in India.

Between 1920 and 1925, Gaganendranath pioneered experiments in modernist painting. Partha Mitter describes him as "the only Indian painter before the 1940s who made use of the language and syntax of Cubism in his painting". From 1925 onwards, the artist developed a complex post-cubist style.

Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma was a celebrated Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art for a number of aesthetic and broader social reasons. Firstly, his works are held to be among the best examples of the fusion of European techniques with a purely Indian sensibility. While continuing the tradition and aesthetics of Indian art, his paintings employed the latest European academic art techniques of the day.

his depictions of Hindu deities and episodes from the epics and Puranas have received profound acceptance from the public and are found, often as objects of worship, across the length and breadth of India.

Jamini Roy

Jamini Roy was an Indian painter. He was honoured with the State award of Padma Bhushan in 1954. He was one of the most famous pupils of Rabindranath Tagore, whose artistic originality and contribution to the emergence of modern art in India remains unquestionable. Although trained in the prevailing western style of art, he developed his own style taking inspiration from the traditional village and folk art from Bengal.

Nandalal Bose

Nandalal Bose (Nondo-lal Boshū) was one of the pioneers of modern Indian art and a key figure of Contextual Modernism.

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A pupil of Abanindranath Tagore, Bose was known for his "Indian style" of painting. He became the principal of Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan in 1922. He was influenced by the Tagore family and the murals of Ajanta; his classic works include paintings of scenes from Indian mythologies, women, and village life.

Amrita Sher-Gil

Amrita Sher-Gil was an eminent Hungarian-Indian painter. She has been called "one of the greatest avant-garde women artists of the early 20th century" and a "pioneer" in modern Indian art. Drawn towards painting since a young age, Sher-Gil started getting formal lessons in the art, at the age of eight. She first gained recognition at the age of 19, for her oil painting titled Young Girls (1932).

Kalipada Ghoshal

Kalipada Ghoshal Kali-Pado meaning who is under Mother Goddess Kali. He was an artist from Calcutta. He was an illustrious student of the Indian Society of Oriental Art and the last successor of Abanindranath Tagore's Bengal school of art.


T.V. Subramaniam, also known as Maniam, was an illustrator for Tamil magazines, known for his reconstructions of the past in illustrations for popular historical fiction.


Benode Behari Mukherjee

Benode Behari Mukherjee was an Indian artist from West Bengal state. Mukherjee was one of the pioneers of Indian modern art and a key figure of Contextual Modernism. He was one of the earliest artists in modern India to take up to murals as a mode of artistic expression. All his murals depict a subtle understanding of environmental through pioneering architectural nuances.

S. G. Thakur Singh

S.G. Thakur Singh is an Indian artist who painted in oils, pastels and water colour

Sunil Das

Sunil Das (4 August 1939 – 10 August 2015) was an Indian expressionist painter. He is known for the paintings in his Bull Series and his piece "Woman".

In 2014 the Government of India conferred upon him its fourth-highest civilian award, the Padma Shri.

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  2. "Rabindranath Tagore - Facts". NobelPrize.
  3. Sil 2005.
  4. Lubet, Alex. "Tagore, not Dylan: The first lyricist to win the Nobel Prize for literature was actually Indian". Quartz India.
  5. "Anita Desai and Andrew Robinson — The Modern Resonance of Rabindranath Tagore". On Being. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  6. The Nobel Foundation.
  7. O'Connell 2008.
  8. Sen 1997
  9. Sengupta, Subodhchandra; Bose, Anjali, eds. (2010). Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (5th ed.). Calcutta: Sahitya Samsad. ISBN 9788185626659.
  10. Partha Mitter (15 November 2007). The Triumph of Modernism: India's Artists and the Avant-Garde, 1922-1947. Reaktion Books. pp. 18–. ISBN 978-1-86189-318-5. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  11. "Revolution personified | Christie's'". Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  12. Satyasri Ukil: "Mukul Dey: Pioneering Indian Graphic Artist." Mukul Dey Archives, updated 16 March 2019.
  13. Satyasri Ukil: "Manishi Dey: The Elusive Bohemian." art etc. news & views, February 2019
  14. Sinha, Gayatri (1996). Expressions & evocations: contemporary women artists of India. Bombay: Marga Publications on behalf of the National Centre for the Performing Arts. p. 48. ISBN 8185026343.
  15. "Indian Expressionist Painter Sunil Das Dies at 76". 21 August 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  16. "Female vision". Indian Express. 6 March 2000. Retrieved 7 February 2019

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