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Anatomy Mnemonics: easy to remember

Served in the U.S. Army, attended and graduated from The University of Texas-Arlington with a bachelors in psychology and minor in sociology


Bone mnemonics: easy to remember

6 cranial bones
Old People From Texas Eat Spiders....

Parietal, Ethmoid, Sphenoid, Temporal, Occipital, Frontal.

Leg Bones

TIBia is the Thick Inner Bone, and Fibula is Finer, Fluted, and Lateral.

8 facial bones
Common Love gone Zip?(Abbr. CMMNLVZP)

conchae, mandible, maxilla, nasal, lacrimal, vomer, zygomaticus, palatine.

*Applying the first-3-letters rule to the facial bones, I came up with
Con Man
Max and Pal

Bones of the Wrist

Some Lovers Try Positions That They Cannot Handle

Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, Pisiform, Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate,

Never Lower Tillie's Pants, Mama Might Come Home.

navicular, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, greater and lesser multangular, capitate, and hamate.

*To remember that the carpals are bones of the wrist and not the foot, Lunate, Triquetrum, remember that CARPenters use their hands.

7 types of bone fractures

C3-PO Breaks his Bones

Greenstick, Open, Complete, Closed, Comminuted, Partial, and Others.


Muscle mnemonics

Muscles in gluteal region: from top to bottom: P-GO-GO-Q
Gemellus superior
Obturator internus
Gemellus inferior
Obturator externus
Quadratus femoris

Muscles whose tendons attach at the pes anserinus (medial tibia): SGT

Four abdominal muscles --
TIRE: (deepest to most superficial)
Transversus abdominis, Internal abdominal oblique, Rectus abdominis, and External abdominal oblique

Functions of the Interossei muscles
PAD -- Palmar ADduct
DAB -- Dorsal ABduct

Attachments of Pectoralis Major, Teres Major and Latissimus Dorsi
A lady between two majors.
Pectoralis major attaches to lateral lip of bicipital groove.
Teres major attaches to medial lip of bicipital groove.
Latissimus dorsi attaches to the floor of bicipital groove.
The "lati" is between two "majors."
A lady between two majors.

Four muscles which control the mandible
masseter, temporal, lateral and medial pterygoids
form the letters MTPP, which could be read as "Empty Peepee" which could be construed as a command (or wish) to empty one's peepee via…oh we'd better not say it.

Four abdominal muscles
Spare TIRE
transversus, internal oblique, rectus, and external oblique

On the floor of the mouth are two muscles
Doctor on the Floor?
mylohyoid and digastric -- MD.

Muscles which regulate breathing
You Will DIE! If you don't have'em

Diaphragm, Inner costal, and External costal

The SITS muscles make up the rotator cuff:
Teres Minor


Nerve mnemonics

Radial n. innervates the BEST!!!!

Hand muscles innervated by the Median nerve

Lumbricals 1 + 2
Opponens pollicis
Abductor pollicis brevis
Flexor pollicis brevis

Innervation of phrenic nerve
c345 keeps the phrenic alive
c345 keep the diaphragm alive

Innervation of the penis:
Parasympathetic puts it up; sympathetic spurts it out
Point , Shoot, Score! (erection, emmision ,ejaculation)
Parasympathetic, Sympathetic ,Somatomotor

Innervation of the penis by branches of the pudental nerve
"S2, 3, 4 keep the penis off the floor", derived from spinal cord levels

Long thoracic nerve innervates serratus anterior
c5-6-7 raise your arms to heaven

Lateral and Medial Pectoral Nerve
Lateral is less, medial is more.
Lateral pectoral nerves goes through pectoralis major while medial pn goes though both pectoral major and minor.

12 Facial Nerves
"At the OIL FACTORY, the OPTICIAN looked for the OCCUPANT of the TRUCK. He
was searching because 3 GEMS had been ABDUCTED by a man who was hiding his FACE and EARS. A GLOSSY PHOTOGRAPH has been taken of him, but it was too VAGUE to use. He appeared to be SPINELESS and HYPOCRITICAL."

In order, the oil factory is the olfactory nerve; the optician is the optical nerve; the occupant is the occulomotor nerve; the truck represents the trochlear nerve; the 3 gems are the trigeminal nerve; abducted is really the abducens;
face is facial; ears really means auditory; glossy photograph is glosso-pharyngeal; spineless relates to the spinal
accessory nerve; and hypocritical is the hypoglossal nerve.

Wrist Nerves and Prohibition
RUM, for radial, ulnar, and medial symptoms of nerve troubles are wrist drop, claw hand, and tunnel syndrome ...
represented by the letters WCT (Women's Christian Temperance Union).

Cranial Nerves
VIII-Acoustic (Vestibulocochlear),
XI-Spinal Accessory,
On Old Olympus Towering Tops, A Finn And German Viewed Some Hops

Branches of the Facial Nerve (CN VII):
To Zanzibar by Motor Car
Ten Zebras Bought My Car
Temporal, Zygomatic, Buccal, Masseteric,Cervical

Brachial Plexus:
Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches
Robert Taylor Drinks Cold Beer. (or Richard Tucker Drinks Cheap Beer smile emoticon )

Innervation of Extraocularmotor Muscles: LR6 SO4 Others 3
LR6--Lateral rectus--> VI abductens
SO4--Superior Oblique--> IV Trochlear
Others 3--The remaining 4 eyeball movers = III Oculomotor

For the order of nerves that pass through the superior orbital fissure:
"Lazy French Tarts Lie Naked in Anticipation."
(Lacrimal, Frontal, Trochlear, Lateral, Nosociliary, Internal, Abducens)

9 branches of the abdominal portion of the aorta
"Celia Smith's Supra Rams Green Impala Past Stop Light"
Celiac, Supra mesenteric, Supra-renal, Renal, Gonadal, Inferior mesenteric, Phrenic, Sacral, and Lumbar.

Scroll to Continue

Blood vessel mnemonics

Structures passing posterior to the medial malleolus of the foot:
Tom, Dick, And Harry
Tibialis posterior tendon, flexor Digitorum longus tendon, post. tibial Artery and tibial nerve, and
flexor Hallucis longus tendon. (i.e. Tibialis, Digitorum, Artery & nerve, and Hallucis)

Carotid Sheath-- VAN
Internal Jugular Vein
Common carotid Artery
Vagus Nerve

Arteries as they come off the external carotid:
Superior thyroid, Ascending pharyngeal, Lingual, Facial, Occipital, Post Auricular, Superficial temporal, Maxillary
Some Angry Lady Figured out PMS

ABC'S of the aortic arch!
Aortic arch gives off the Bracheiocephalic trunk, the left Common Carotid, and Left Subclavian artery

Branches of the aorta artery in the lower torso
Transsexuals Remember the Aorta
"Come on In Ex-Female, Pop And Prance Past Doors and Planters".
Common iliac, Internal iliac, External iliac, Femoral, Popliteal, Anterior tibia, Posterior tibia, Peroneal, Dorsalis, medial and lateral Plantars.

Branches of the axillary artery
Sally Thompson Loves Sex And Pot pie
Superior Thoracic, Thoracoacromial, Lateral thoracic, Subscapular, Anterior circumflex humeral, Posterior circumflex humeral, and Profunda brachii.

Arteries off the External Carotid
They are buried in the phrase Some Lesbian F*cked My Sister
Superior Thyroid, Lingual, Facial, Maxillary, Superficial Temporal

Vessels joining the inferior vena cava
"He Commonly Lumbers in the Viet Cong ReGion".
A Vietnamese Lumberjack's Heart:
Hepatic, Common iliac, Lumbar, Vena Cava, Renals, Gonadals.

Stroke versus Aneurysm

STRoke is caused by arterial reSTRiction, and aneurysm is AN Erupting artery.


Miscellaneous anatomy mnemonics

Checklist of factors causing backtroubles
O - Osteomyelitis
V - Vertebral fracture
E - Extraspinal tumour
S - Spondylolisthesis
A - Ankylosing spondylitis
L - Lumbar disk disease
I - Intraspinal tumour
U - Unhappiness
S - Stress

Ziggy Lack Nasty Voices.

cranial sutures
cranial sutures have CLASS!
Coronal, Lambdoid, Squamous, Sagittal.

five visceral sensors
Low TEMPeratures have BARe-CHEsted cOSMO-girls kNOCking.
temperature, barometric, chemical, osmotic, nociceptors

Femoral Sheath (lateral to medial) order of things in thigh
Femoral Nerve,
Femoral Artery,
Femoral Vein,
Empty Space,
Lymphatics (or Lacunar Ligament)

Pelvic Diaphragm -- PICOLO(A) -Posterior to anterior
Levator Ani

Location of Thoracic duct:
The duck is between two gooses (duck = thoracic duct)
2 gooses = azyGOUS and esophaGOUS

Structures perforating the diaphragm
"At T8 you see, perforates the IVC" (inferior Vena Cava) the "EsoVagus" pierce T10 (esophagus, vagus nerve)
T12 - red, white and blue (aorta,thoracic duct,azygous vein)

Course of Ureters
Water runs under the bridge (uterine a. and ductus deferens)

© 2008 Augustine A. Zavala


Augustine A Zavala (author) from Texas on September 10, 2015:

Yes ma'am. It was a pain in college to remember everything. Mnemonics pulled me out of a bind many a time. Thank you for the comment and visit.

Bronwen Scott-Branagan from Victoria, Australia on September 08, 2015:

Some of those mnemonics are fun, but I think that I'd have trouble learning some and it might be better to remember the real thing! Good idea, though.

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